ERIC Number: EJ871365
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Comparing Tests Used to Identify Ethnically Diverse Gifted Children: A Critical Response to Lewis, DeCamp-Fritson, Ramage, McFarland, & Archwamety
Warne, Russell T.
Multicultural Education, v17 n1 p48-53 Fall 2009
Recently this journal published a research article examining the effectiveness of three different tests in identifying ethnically diverse gifted and talented children (Lewis, DeCamp-Fritson, Ramage, McFarland, & Archwamety, 2007, Volume 15, Number 1, pp. 38-42). After examining the proportions of Caucasian and non-Caucasian children identified as gifted by each test, Lewis and her colleagues concluded, "... the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices was a more effective means of selecting for ethnically diverse children who may be gifted than one example of a traditional achievement test [the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills] or even the newer Naglieri Nonverbal Abilities Test" (p. 42). The author opines that those researchers' conclusion, however, must be questioned because of an assortment of philosophical, testing, and statistical issues that they did not consider when conducting their study. The purpose of this response is to use the Lewis et al. article as a springboard to discuss the issues in gifted education that Lewis and her colleagues overlooked and to consider how those issues relate to multicultural education. This article will cover three major areas of discussion regarding Lewis et al.'s (2007) study. The first section will cover theoretical issues related to giftedness. The second section will discuss the tests that were used in the study, while the third section will discuss the statistics of Lewis and her colleagues' study. The article will then conclude with a discussion of the latest trends in gifted education for finding and serving ethnically diverse students.
Descriptors: Multicultural Education, Comparative Analysis, Gifted, Talent Identification, Intelligence Tests, Achievement Tests, Minority Groups, Nonverbal Tests, Verbal Tests, Statistical Analysis, Research Problems, Educational Research
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Iowa Tests of Basic Skills; Raven Progressive Matrices