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Schwartz, Mila; Gorbatt, Naomi – Modern Language Journal, 2017
In this study, we explored how major theoretical principles and concepts in the mediation strategies of Vygotsky's sociocultural theory are realized in an Arabic-Hebrew preschool in Israel. The aim of this study was to examine how teachers encourage children to use their second language (L2) during teacher-child conversations. In particular, as a…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Preschool Children, Preschool Teachers, Sociocultural Patterns
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Staples, Shelley; Laflair, Geoffrey T.; Egbert, Jesse – Modern Language Journal, 2017
Oral Proficiency Interviews (OPIs) are widely used to measure speaking ability in a second or foreign language. The Michigan English Language Assessment Battery (MELAB) Speaking Test is an OPI used for academic and professional purposes around the world. However, little research on this or other OPIs has quantitatively compared test takers' speech…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Language Usage, Second Language Learning, Nurses
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Larson-Hall, Jenifer – Modern Language Journal, 2017
Graphics are often mistaken for a mere frill in the methodological arsenal of data analysis when in fact they can be one of the simplest and at the same time most powerful methods of communicating statistical information (Tufte, 2001). The first section of the article argues for the statistical necessity of graphs, echoing and amplifying similar…
Descriptors: Graphs, Periodicals, Applied Linguistics, Credibility
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Burri, Michael; Chen, Honglin; Baker, Amanda – Modern Language Journal, 2017
The constructs of teacher cognition and teacher identity have recently gained considerable attention in second language teacher education research for their crucial roles in understanding teacher learning. While a number of current studies have examined the contributions of both constructs, the connections between cognition and identity are yet to…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Teaching Methods, Pronunciation Instruction
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Sasaki, Miyuki; Kozaki, Yoko; Ross, Steven J. – Modern Language Journal, 2017
This study explores the effects of various motivational variables operating within 44 English classes on 1-year-long gains in the English reading proficiency of 1,149 Japanese university students. The study adds new knowledge to the recent outcomes of second language (L2) motivational studies in 3 major ways. First, the explanatory variables…
Descriptors: Learning Motivation, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Leonard, Karen Ruth; Shea, Christine E. – Modern Language Journal, 2017
We take a multidimensional perspective on the development of second language (L2) speaking ability and examine how changes in the underlying cognitive variables of linguistic knowledge and processing speed interact with complexity, fluency, and accuracy over the course of a 3-month Spanish study abroad session. Study abroad provides a unique…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Oral Language, Language Processing, Study Abroad
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Lou, Nigel Mantou; Noels, Kimberly A. – Modern Language Journal, 2017
Some people ascribe successful language learning to an innate aptitude that cannot be further developed, at least after a certain young age (i.e., an entity mindset), while other people believe that language learning ability can be improved (i.e., an incremental mindset). The purpose of this research is to (a) introduce the Language Mindsets…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Goal Orientation, Mastery Learning, College Students
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Serafini, Ellen J. – Modern Language Journal, 2017
This study draws on conceptual and methodological insights afforded within a dynamic systems perspective to explore shifting interrelationships between cognitive capacity and motivational resources in instructed adult second language (L2) learners of Spanish at increasing proficiency. Relationships that emerged showed both stability and…
Descriptors: Correlation, Cognitive Ability, Motivation, Spanish
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De Clercq, Bastien; Housen, Alex – Modern Language Journal, 2017
Syntactic and linguistic complexity have been studied extensively in applied linguistics as indicators of linguistic performance, development, and proficiency. Recent publications have equally highlighted the reductionist approach taken to syntactic complexity measurement, which often focuses on one or two measures representing complexity at the…
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, Native Speakers, Indo European Languages, Syntax
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Henry, Nick; Jackson, Carrie N.; Dimidio, Jack – Modern Language Journal, 2017
This study investigates the role of prosodic cues and explicit information (EI) in the acquisition of German accusative case markers. We compared 4 groups of 3rd-semester learners (low intermediate level) who completed 1 of 4 Processing Instruction (PI) treatments that manipulated the presence or absence of EI and focused prosody. The results…
Descriptors: Suprasegmentals, Cues, German, Language Acquisition
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Nassaji, Hossein – Modern Language Journal, 2017
This study investigated the effects of extensive versus intensive recasts. The focus was on the effect of feedback on learning English articles, which, as nonsalient target structures, have been shown to be difficult for many second language learners. Intensive recasts were operationalized as recasts provided on article errors only, while…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Grammar, Feedback (Response), Error Correction
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Zalbidea, Janire – Modern Language Journal, 2017
The present study explores the independent and interactive effects of task complexity and task modality on linguistic dimensions of second language (L2) performance and investigates how these effects are modulated by individual differences in working memory capacity. Thirty-two intermediate learners of L2 Spanish completed less and more complex…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Accuracy, Short Term Memory, Statistical Analysis
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Zhang, Dongbo – Modern Language Journal, 2017
This study examined the similarities and differences in the functioning of component processes underlying first language (L1) and second language (L2) word reading in Chinese. Fourth-grade Chinese children in Singapore were divided into L1 and L2 reader groups based on whether they used Mandarin or English as their home language. Both groups were…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, English, Language Usage, Second Language Learning
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Huensch, Amanda; Tracy-Ventura, Nicole – Modern Language Journal, 2017
This study investigated second language fluency development over a nearly 2-year period which included an academic year abroad and the year immediately following the participants' return to their home university. Data from 24 L1 English learners of Spanish were collected 6 times: once before, 3 times during, and 2 times after a 9-month stay…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Language Fluency, Study Abroad, English
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Barkhuizen, Gary – Modern Language Journal, 2017
This article explores the identities of tutors working in one-to-one instructional arrangements, which entail a tutor and an adult English learner working together to meet the particular language learning needs and goals of the learner. The tutors in this study are matched with their partners through an organization in New Zealand which aims to…
Descriptors: Tutors, Language Teachers, Tutoring, Teaching Experience
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