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Hayashi, Yuko – Modern Language Journal, 2019
The current 2-part study investigated the relative contributions of English language training (ELT) and computerized Cogmed working memory training (WMT) to improvements in English-as-a-foreign language (EFL) proficiency and working memory capacity. In Study 1, Japanese undergraduate EFL learners were randomly allocated to 1 of 3 experimental…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language)
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Kim, Kathy Minhye; Godfroid, Aline – Modern Language Journal, 2019
We examined the role of modality in learning second language (L2) grammar and forming implicit (unconscious) and explicit (conscious) knowledge. To this end, we isolated the effects of the physical medium of input (i.e., aural or visual) from those of the presentation method (i.e., word-by-word or simultaneous). We also explored the role of test…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Linguistic Input, Psycholinguistics
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Nakata, Tatsuya; Suzuki, Yuichi – Modern Language Journal, 2019
Cognitive psychology research has shown that interleaving, wherein learners practice multiple skills or concepts at once, facilitates learning more than does blocking, wherein learners practice only one skill or concept at a time. Despite the advantage of interleaving over blocking observed across a number of domains, limited attention has been…
Descriptors: Grammar, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Tests
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Kasprowicz, Rowena E.; Marsden, Emma; Sephton, Nick – Modern Language Journal, 2019
Within limited-input language classrooms, understanding the effect of distribution of practice (spacing between practice) on learning is critical, yet evidence is conflicting and of limited relevance for young learners. For second language (L2) grammar learning, some studies reveal advantages for spacing of 7 days or more, but others for shorter…
Descriptors: Verbs, Morphology (Languages), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Li, Man; Dekeyser, Robert – Modern Language Journal, 2019
This study investigated the effects of temporal distribution of practice on the learning and retention of Mandarin tonal word production. Eighty native English-speaking adults with no prior knowledge of a tonal language participated in this study. They were randomly assigned to four experimental conditions varying in intersession interval (ISI)…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Intonation, English, Native Language
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Strong, Brian; Boers, Frank – Modern Language Journal, 2019
English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) textbooks and internet resources exhibit various formats and implementations of exercises on phrasal verbs. The experimental study reported here examines whether some of these might be more effective than others. EFL learners at a university in Japan were randomly assigned to 4 treatment groups. Two groups were…
Descriptors: Verbs, Phrase Structure, Teaching Methods, Feedback (Response)
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Henry, Alastair; Thorsen, Cecilia – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Positive relationships with teachers are important for students' second language motivation. However, little is known about how interpersonal interactions stimulate motivated behavior. Drawing on studies of teacher-student relationships, theories from positive psychology, and the psychology of unconscious self-regulation, this case study examines…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Second Language Learning, Learning Motivation, Interaction Process Analysis
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Kim, Minkyung; Crossley, Scott A.; Kyle, Kristopher – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study conceptualizes lexical sophistication as a multidimensional phenomenon by reducing numerous lexical features of lexical sophistication into 12 aggregated components (i.e., dimensions) via a principal component analysis approach. These components were then used to predict second language (L2) writing proficiency levels, holistic lexical…
Descriptors: Language Proficiency, Lexicology, Multidimensional Scaling, Language Acquisition
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Hasegawa, Atsushi – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Using the framework of conversation analysis, this study investigated the interactional workings of laughter in task-based interactions. The analysis was drawn from 160 cases of pair work interactions, collected in 2nd-semester Japanese-as-a-foreign-language classrooms. The pair work activities examined in this study are mostly grammar-focused,…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Language Usage, Interpersonal Relationship, Instructional Materials
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Zhao, Helen; MacWhinney, Brian – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This article analyzes the instructed learning of the English article system by second language (L2) learners. The Competition Model (MacWhinney, 1987, 2012) was adopted as the theoretical framework for analyzing the cues to article usage and for designing effective computer-based article instruction. Study 1 found that article cues followed a…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Cues
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Ro, Eunseok – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study employs conversation analysis to examine a facilitator's interactional practices in the post-expansion phase of students' presentations in the context of a book club for second language learning. The analysis shows how the facilitator establishes intersubjectivity with regard to the ongoing task and manages students' task performance.…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Books, Clubs
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Butler, Yuko Goto – Modern Language Journal, 2018
With use of self-assessment (SA) of young language learners on the rise, educators of young learners often want to know what SA captures and how best to use it in order to assist their students' learning. This study focuses on understanding how young learners' processes for responding to SA items differ by age and by context of implementation…
Descriptors: Context Effect, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Cho, Minyoung – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Despite an increased awareness of language learner performance in task-based instruction, little is known about how learners perceive and respond to different task factors. This study investigates the effects of task complexity and modality on (a) learners' perception of task difficulty, skill, and its balance, and on (b) learners' task…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language)
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Nagle, Charles – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study examined relationships between language learning motivation and the longitudinal development of second language (L2) pronunciation. Twenty-six English-speaking learners of Spanish recorded a simplified picture description task 5 times over a year-long period spanning their 2nd, 3rd, and 4th semesters of Spanish language instruction.…
Descriptors: Spanish, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Pronunciation
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Kunitz, Silvia – Modern Language Journal, 2018
In cognitivist Second Language Acquisition (SLA), attention and noticing are described as psycholinguistic processes that (may) have a role in language learning. The operationalization of such constructs, however, poses methodological challenges, since neither online nor off-line measures are coextensive with these cognitive processes that occur…
Descriptors: Attention, Second Language Learning, Italian, Form Classes (Languages)
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