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Kibler, Amanda K.; Valdés, Guadalupe – Modern Language Journal, 2016
Through examination of one recently manufactured term for language learners (Long-term English Learners) and review of a century of "MLJ" articles, we examine varying "socioinstitutional" conceptualizations of second/foreign/heritage language learners as shaped by educational institutions and related stakeholders over time,…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Definitions, Teaching Methods
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Norris, John M. – Modern Language Journal, 2016
Language program evaluation is a pragmatic mode of inquiry that illuminates the complex nature of language-related interventions of various kinds, the factors that foster or constrain them, and the consequences that ensue. Program evaluation enables a variety of evidence-based decisions and actions, from designing programs and implementing…
Descriptors: Second Language Programs, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Program Evaluation
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Purpura, James E. – Modern Language Journal, 2016
This article summarizes some of the main issues, concerns, and debates that have ensued over the years in the field of L2 assessment and shows how past concerns have shaped contemporary L2 assessment research and practice. The article first describes what L2 assessment is and what it entails, arguing that notions of L2 assessment have been…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Student Evaluation, Decision Making
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King, Kendall A.; Mackey, Alison – Modern Language Journal, 2016
The field of second language studies is using increasingly sophisticated methodological approaches to address a growing number of urgent, real-world problems. These methodological developments bring both new challenges and opportunities. This article briefly reviews recent ontological and methodological debates in the field, then builds on these…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Epistemology
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McDonough, Kim; Trofimovich, Pavel – Modern Language Journal, 2016
This study investigated whether second language (L2) speakers' morphosyntactic pattern learning was predicted by their statistical learning and working memory abilities. Across three experiments, Thai English as a Foreign Language (EFL) university students (N = 140) were exposed to either the transitive construction in Esperanto (e.g., "tauro…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Artificial Languages, Language Patterns, Second Language Learning
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Sasayama, Shoko – Modern Language Journal, 2016
In research on task-based learning and teaching, it has traditionally been assumed that differing degrees of cognitive task complexity can be inferred through task design and/or observations of differing qualities in linguistic production elicited by second language (L2) communication tasks. Without validating this assumption, however, it is…
Descriptors: Difficulty Level, Cognitive Processes, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language)
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Li, Shaofeng; Zhu, Yan; Ellis, Rod – Modern Language Journal, 2016
The article reports on a study investigating the comparative effects of immediate and delayed corrective feedback in learning the English past passive construction, a linguistic structure of which the learners had little prior knowledge. A total of 120 learners of English as a foreign language (EFL) from 4 intact classes at a Chinese middle school…
Descriptors: Error Correction, Feedback (Response), English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Shintani, Natsuko; Aubrey, Scott – Modern Language Journal, 2016
This study extends research on written corrective feedback (CF) by investigating how timing of CF affects grammar acquisition. Specifically, it examined the relative effects of synchronous and asynchronous CF on the accurate use of the hypothetical conditional structure. Participants were 68 intermediate-level students of English at a university…
Descriptors: Error Correction, Feedback (Response), English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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van Compernolle, Rémi A.; Gomez-Laich, Maria Pia; Weber, Ashley – Modern Language Journal, 2016
This study explores the teaching of second language (L2) Spanish sociopragmatics through concept-based pragmatics instruction (van Compernolle, 2014). The concepts of self-presentation, social distance, and power were the focus of a pedagogical enrichment program in 2 sections of a beginning-level Spanish class at a northeastern U.S. university.…
Descriptors: Second Language Instruction, Spanish, Pragmatics, Teaching Methods
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Zhang, Xiaopeng; Dong, Xiaoli – Modern Language Journal, 2016
This study examined the effectiveness of Zipfian frequency at facilitating the acquisition of English prenominal past participles. Chinese middle school students (N = 103) were randomly assigned to a sequenced Zipfian frequency (SZF) group, a random Zipfian frequency (RZF) group, a balanced frequency (BF) group, and a control group. A mixed…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Middle School Students, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Di Silvio, Francesca; Diao, Wenhao; Donovan, Anne – Modern Language Journal, 2016
Examining speech samples from 75 American university students learning 1 of 3 languages (Mandarin, Russian, and Spanish), this article reports on a study of second language (L2) learners' oral fluency development and its relationship with their gains in holistic proficiency ratings during a semester abroad. In study abroad research, there is a…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Language Fluency, Study Abroad, Case Studies
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Taguchi, Naoko; Xiao, Feng; Li, Shuai – Modern Language Journal, 2016
This study investigated the effects of intercultural competence and amount of social contact in the development of pragmatic knowledge. All these variables were time-varying variables and measured twice over a 3-month study abroad. Participants were 109 American college students studying Chinese in a semester study-abroad program in Beijing. Using…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cultural Awareness, Study Abroad, College Students
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Hiver, Phil; Al-Hoorie, Ali H. – Modern Language Journal, 2016
In this article, we introduce a template of methodological considerations, termed "the dynamic ensemble," for scholars doing or evaluating empirical second language development (SLD) research within a complexity/dynamic systems theory (CDST) framework. Given that CDST principles have yielded significant insight into SLD and have become…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Language Research, Theory Practice Relationship, Scholarship
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Hagiwara, Akiko – Modern Language Journal, 2016
This study explores whether emphasizing the phonetic components of "kanji," Chinese characters used in Japanese, facilitates second language (L2) learners' novel character learning. Previous L2 studies on Chinese characters indicate that phonology plays a major part in word identification. However, this view remains controversial,…
Descriptors: Phonology, Phonetics, Second Language Learning, Japanese
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Alderson, J. Charles; Nieminen, Lea; Huhta, Ari – Modern Language Journal, 2016
This study investigated the cognitive (first language [L1] and foreign language [FL]), linguistic (L1 and FL), and motivational characteristics of weak FL readers in contrast to strong readers in 3 groups of L1 Finnish-speaking learners of English, aged 10, 14, and 17 years. This cross-sectional study covered a wide range of potential correlates,…
Descriptors: Student Characteristics, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Scores
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