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Park, Hae In; Solon, Megan; Henderson, Carly; Dehghan-Chaleshtori, Marzieh – Modern Language Journal, 2020
While an elicited imitation test (EIT) has been widely used as a measure of oral proficiency in second language acquisition (SLA) research, it is still unclear the extent to which memory capacity impacts EIT performance. In light of this gap, the present study sought to clarify the nature of elicited imitation by examining the relative…
Descriptors: Imitation, Spanish, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Medina, Almitra; Socarras, Gilda; Krishnamurti, Sridhar – Modern Language Journal, 2020
This study explored the influence of speech rate (normal vs. fast), sentence length (short vs. long), and second language (L2) oral proficiency on listening comprehension in L2 Spanish. Thirty-one native English-speaking learners enrolled in upper-level Spanish courses were aurally exposed to 8 sentences of each type of speed--length matrix, for a…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Spanish, Listening Comprehension, Speech Skills
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Kanwit, Matthew – Modern Language Journal, 2019
The present study investigates to what extent first-language (L1) and second-language (L2) speakers use lexical futures, whether such forms provide evidence of development, and whether these forms are constrained differently from the present indicative (PI) according to linguistic predictors. It uses a combined approach through its…
Descriptors: Spanish, Second Language Learning, Native Speakers, English
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Yilmaz, Yucel; Granena, Gisela – Modern Language Journal, 2019
The present study investigated a group of cognitive individual differences considered advantageous in second language learning and their role in language learning under implicit and explicit feedback conditions using both language awareness and language development measures. The study further investigated whether different types of awareness are…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Oral Language
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Nagle, Charles – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study examined relationships between language learning motivation and the longitudinal development of second language (L2) pronunciation. Twenty-six English-speaking learners of Spanish recorded a simplified picture description task 5 times over a year-long period spanning their 2nd, 3rd, and 4th semesters of Spanish language instruction.…
Descriptors: Spanish, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Pronunciation
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Gonzalez, Paz; Quintana Hernandez, Lucia – Modern Language Journal, 2018
The aim of this article is to show that the use of Spanish grammatical aspect is biased by inherent aspect depending on the learner's first language (L1). It considers both the Lexical Aspect Hypothesis (LAH; Andersen, 1986, and his followers) and the L1 Transfer Hypothesis (Izquierdo & Collins, 2008; McManus, 2015), and it compares the use of…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Grammar, Prediction
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Sparks, Richard L.; Luebbers, Julie; Castaneda, Martha; Patton, Jon – Modern Language Journal, 2018
A unique anxiety for foreign language (L2) learning has been hypothesized to explain students' problems with language learning. However, L2 anxiety instruments have been challenged on the grounds that they reflect students' language learning ability and/or perceptions of their language learning skills. In this study, 266 U.S. high school students…
Descriptors: High School Students, Spanish, Anxiety, Second Language Learning
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Nagle, Charles; Sachs, Rebecca; Zárate-Sández, Germán – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study explored teachers' beliefs about pronunciation instruction in Spanish as a second language (L2). An online survey was used to collect data from 100 participants, grouped into 4 categories based on their previous training in principles and methods of pronunciation instruction. This article reports results from 15 survey items which…
Descriptors: Pronunciation, Language Teachers, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Kissling, Elizabeth M. – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Listening is widely regarded as an important skill that is difficult and necessary to teach in L2 classrooms. Listening requires both top-down and bottom-up processing, yet pedagogical techniques for the latter are often lacking. This study explores the efficacy of pronunciation instruction (PI) for improving learners' bottom-up processing. The…
Descriptors: Pronunciation Instruction, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Processing
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Leonard, Karen Ruth; Shea, Christine E. – Modern Language Journal, 2017
We take a multidimensional perspective on the development of second language (L2) speaking ability and examine how changes in the underlying cognitive variables of linguistic knowledge and processing speed interact with complexity, fluency, and accuracy over the course of a 3-month Spanish study abroad session. Study abroad provides a unique…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Oral Language, Language Processing, Study Abroad
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Serafini, Ellen J. – Modern Language Journal, 2017
This study draws on conceptual and methodological insights afforded within a dynamic systems perspective to explore shifting interrelationships between cognitive capacity and motivational resources in instructed adult second language (L2) learners of Spanish at increasing proficiency. Relationships that emerged showed both stability and…
Descriptors: Correlation, Cognitive Ability, Motivation, Spanish
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Zalbidea, Janire – Modern Language Journal, 2017
The present study explores the independent and interactive effects of task complexity and task modality on linguistic dimensions of second language (L2) performance and investigates how these effects are modulated by individual differences in working memory capacity. Thirty-two intermediate learners of L2 Spanish completed less and more complex…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Accuracy, Short Term Memory, Statistical Analysis
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Huensch, Amanda; Tracy-Ventura, Nicole – Modern Language Journal, 2017
This study investigated second language fluency development over a nearly 2-year period which included an academic year abroad and the year immediately following the participants' return to their home university. Data from 24 L1 English learners of Spanish were collected 6 times: once before, 3 times during, and 2 times after a 9-month stay…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Language Fluency, Study Abroad, English
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Gurzynski-Weiss, Laura – Modern Language Journal, 2016
While oral corrective feedback is a principal focus in second language acquisition research, most studies examine feedback once it has been provided. Investigating how instructors make in-class feedback decisions has not been thoroughly explored, despite the fact that classroom feedback occurs at the discretion of the individual language…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Second Language Learning, Language Teachers, Spanish
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Salido, Marcos Garcia – Modern Language Journal, 2016
This article studies the use of support verb constructions (SVCs) in the written production of learners of Spanish. SVCs are lexical combinations whose content is similar to verbal predicates but is distributed between a verb and a noun, the noun being the carrier of the core lexical meaning of the predicate. Although there is considerable…
Descriptors: Error Analysis (Language), English, Swedish, Japanese
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