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Wei, Li – Modern Language Journal, 2011
This article examines the multilingual and multimodal practices of British Chinese children in complementary school classes from a multicompetence perspective. Using classroom interaction data from a number of Chinese complementary schools in 3 different cities in England, the article argues that the multicompetence perspective enables a holistic…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Foreign Countries, Classroom Communication, Code Switching (Language)
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Fishman, Joshua A. – Modern Language Journal, 1980
Examines the contributions of bilingual schools to minority language maintenance and stresses the inadvisability of relying on schools alone for this task. Uses the concepts of "primary and secondary reward systems" to argue that scholastic achievements cannot have any lasting impact without the sociopolitical and economic rewards of the primary…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Schools, Ethnicity, Language Maintenance
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Wilberschied, Lee; Dassier, Jean-Louis P. – Modern Language Journal, 1995
The low number of minority foreign language educators reflects an overall decline in the number of minority educators. Both declines pose serious threats to effective education in the future. This article discusses difficulties of definition of the term "minority" and reviews the literature regarding minority students and the minority educator…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Instructional Effectiveness, Limited English Speaking, Measurement Techniques
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Andersson, Theodore – Modern Language Journal, 1971
Revision of a paper presented at the Conference on Bilingual Education in Toronto, Canada, on March 13, 1971, at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. (DS)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Schools, Bilingualism, English (Second Language)
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Brigman, S. Leellen; Jacobs, Lucy Cheser – Modern Language Journal, 1981
Reports on an investigation of enrollment of minority groups, primarily Black, in foreign language programs at Indiana University. Provides statistics from 1974 to 1976 comparing enrollment figures for minority and nonminority students and correlates high school scores and college admission measures with participation and success in the study of…
Descriptors: Achievement Rating, Black Students, College Second Language Programs, Higher Education
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Drake, Diana Mack – Modern Language Journal, 1978
The philosophy, practice, and goals of a bilingual-bicultural elementary school program in Mexico are presented. The program, sponsored by Extraescolar, the Office of Extrascholastic Education in the Indigenous Environment, provides instruction to Indian children both in an indigenous language and Spanish. (AMH)
Descriptors: American Indians, Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Cultural Influences