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Henry, Alastair; Thorsen, Cecilia – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Positive relationships with teachers are important for students' second language motivation. However, little is known about how interpersonal interactions stimulate motivated behavior. Drawing on studies of teacher-student relationships, theories from positive psychology, and the psychology of unconscious self-regulation, this case study examines…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Second Language Learning, Learning Motivation, Interaction Process Analysis
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Kim, Minkyung; Crossley, Scott A.; Kyle, Kristopher – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study conceptualizes lexical sophistication as a multidimensional phenomenon by reducing numerous lexical features of lexical sophistication into 12 aggregated components (i.e., dimensions) via a principal component analysis approach. These components were then used to predict second language (L2) writing proficiency levels, holistic lexical…
Descriptors: Language Proficiency, Lexicology, Multidimensional Scaling, Language Acquisition
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Hasegawa, Atsushi – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Using the framework of conversation analysis, this study investigated the interactional workings of laughter in task-based interactions. The analysis was drawn from 160 cases of pair work interactions, collected in 2nd-semester Japanese-as-a-foreign-language classrooms. The pair work activities examined in this study are mostly grammar-focused,…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Language Usage, Interpersonal Relationship, Instructional Materials
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Zhao, Helen; MacWhinney, Brian – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This article analyzes the instructed learning of the English article system by second language (L2) learners. The Competition Model (MacWhinney, 1987, 2012) was adopted as the theoretical framework for analyzing the cues to article usage and for designing effective computer-based article instruction. Study 1 found that article cues followed a…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Cues
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Ro, Eunseok – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study employs conversation analysis to examine a facilitator's interactional practices in the post-expansion phase of students' presentations in the context of a book club for second language learning. The analysis shows how the facilitator establishes intersubjectivity with regard to the ongoing task and manages students' task performance.…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Books, Clubs
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Butler, Yuko Goto – Modern Language Journal, 2018
With use of self-assessment (SA) of young language learners on the rise, educators of young learners often want to know what SA captures and how best to use it in order to assist their students' learning. This study focuses on understanding how young learners' processes for responding to SA items differ by age and by context of implementation…
Descriptors: Context Effect, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Cho, Minyoung – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Despite an increased awareness of language learner performance in task-based instruction, little is known about how learners perceive and respond to different task factors. This study investigates the effects of task complexity and modality on (a) learners' perception of task difficulty, skill, and its balance, and on (b) learners' task…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language)
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Nagle, Charles – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study examined relationships between language learning motivation and the longitudinal development of second language (L2) pronunciation. Twenty-six English-speaking learners of Spanish recorded a simplified picture description task 5 times over a year-long period spanning their 2nd, 3rd, and 4th semesters of Spanish language instruction.…
Descriptors: Spanish, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Pronunciation
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Kunitz, Silvia – Modern Language Journal, 2018
In cognitivist Second Language Acquisition (SLA), attention and noticing are described as psycholinguistic processes that (may) have a role in language learning. The operationalization of such constructs, however, poses methodological challenges, since neither online nor off-line measures are coextensive with these cognitive processes that occur…
Descriptors: Attention, Second Language Learning, Italian, Form Classes (Languages)
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Eskildsen, Soren Wind – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This article presents empirical evidence that the Interaction Hypothesis (Long, 1996), especially key concepts in Negotiation for Meaning, bears little relevance for language learning outside of class ("in the wild," cf. Hellermann, Eskildsen, et al., 2018; Wagner, 2015) but seems to be epiphenomenal to experimentally elicited data.…
Descriptors: Interaction, Second Language Learning, Informal Education, Leisure Time
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Majlesi, Ali Reza – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study aims to show how multimodality, that is, the mobilization of various communicative resources in social actions (Mondada, 2016), can be used to teach grammar. Drawing on ethnomethodological conversation analysis (Sacks, 1992), the article provides a detailed analysis of 2 corrective feedback sequences in a Swedish-as-a-second-language…
Descriptors: Grammar, Error Correction, Feedback (Response), Swedish
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Theodorsdottor, Gudrun – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This article argues for a reconceptualization of the concept of "corrective feedback" for the investigation of correction practices in everyday second language (L2) interaction ("in the wild"). Expanding the dataset for L2 research as suggested by Firth and Wagner (1997) to include interactions from the wild has consequences…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Teaching Methods, Error Correction
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Nahatame, Shingo – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study aimed to examine how second language (L2) readers process and comprehend paired sentences based on the causal and semantic relatedness of the sentences. Causal relatedness refers to the cause-and-effect relations between the events described, whereas semantic relatedness refers to the similarity of meaning conveyed by the sentences. In…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Reading Comprehension, Attribution Theory, Reading Processes
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Han, Huamei – Modern Language Journal, 2018
The historical reversal over the course of several centuries in the West is striking: while language has become much "more" central to public life and "more" politically contentious, religion has become "less" central to public life and "less" politically contentious, notwithstanding the resurgence of public…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Religious Education, Political Attitudes, Language Attitudes
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Sasaki, Miyuki; Mizumoto, Atushi; Murakami, Akira – Modern Language Journal, 2018
This study adopts Oxford's (2017) definition of language learning strategies (LLS) framed by self-regulation theory and explores the longitudinal development in the use of three second language (L2) writing strategies (global planning, local planning, L1-to-L2 translation) by Japanese university students as it interacts with cognitive, affective,…
Descriptors: Writing Strategies, Second Language Learning, Translation, Japanese
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