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Showing 121 to 135 of 163 results Save | Export
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Zomer, Arend H.; Jongbloed, Ben W. A.; Enders, Jurgen – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
As public research organisations are increasingly driven by their national and regional governments to engage in knowledge transfer, they have started to support the creation of companies. These research based spin-off companies (RBSOs) often keep contacts with the research institutes they originate from. In this paper we present the results of a…
Descriptors: Institutional Research, Foreign Countries, Institutional Environment, Grants
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Kodate, Naonori; Kodate, Kashiko; Kodate, Takako – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
The global community, from UNESCO to NGOs, is committed to promoting the status of women in science, engineering and technology, despite long-held prejudices and the lack of role models. Previously, when equality was not firmly established as a key issue on international or national agendas, women's colleges played a great role in mentoring female…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Mentors, Women Scientists, Foreign Countries
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Feuer, Michael J.; Maranto, Christina J. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
Since its founding in 1863, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) has occupied a special niche in the complex ecology of advice-giving in the United States. Established as a small, private organization with special responsibilities and obligations vis a vis the American people and government, the Academy has expanded considerably in the past…
Descriptors: Reflection, Scientific Research, Sciences, Engineering
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Tchalakov, Ivan; Mitev, Tihomir; Petrov, Venelin – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
The paper questions some of the premises in studying academic spin-offs in developed countries, claiming that when taken as characteristics of "academic spin-offs per se," they are of little help in understanding the phenomenon in the Eastern European countries during the transitional and post-transitional periods after 1989. It argues…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Developed Nations, Entrepreneurship, Educational History
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Kitagawa, Fumi – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
There are a number of different forms of inter-organisational collaborative arrangements between universities at international, national and sub-national levels. This paper focuses on a particular form of inter-university collaboration mechanisms, which represents one of the key recent policy developments in Scotland. Research pooling initiatives…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Foreign Countries, Institutional Cooperation, Cooperative Planning
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Serrano-Velarde, Kathia – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
What happens when management consultants enter the academic arena and offer their services to universities? In the following article, we examine this question by drawing on findings from a qualitative study based on a series of 30 interviews with senior management consultants and academic managers in Germany. The aim of this explorative study is,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, College Administration, Consultants
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Jacob, Merle – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
The new prominence given to science for economic growth and industry comes with an increased policy focus on the promotion of commodification and commercialization of academic science. This paper posits that this increased interest in commodification is a new steering mechanism for governing science. This is achieved by first outlining what is…
Descriptors: Economic Progress, Research and Development, Governance, Policy
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Hackett, Edward J.; Rhoten, Diana R. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
The integration of ideas, methods, and data from diverse disciplines has been a transformative force in science and higher education, attracting policy interventions, program innovations, financial resources, and talented people. Much energy has been invested in producing a new generation of scientists trained to work fluidly across disciplines,…
Descriptors: Graduate Study, Research Problems, Research Design, Environmental Research
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Adams, Stephen B. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
A comparison of the engineering schools at UC Berkeley and Stanford during the 1940s and 1950s shows that having an excellent academic program is necessary but not sufficient to make a university entrepreneurial (an engine of economic development). Key factors that made Stanford more entrepreneurial than Cal during this period were superior…
Descriptors: Economic Development, Engineering Education, Universities, Private Colleges
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Feller, Irwin – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
Neoliberal precepts of the governance of academic science-deregulation; reification of markets; emphasis on competitive allocation processes have been conflated with those of performance management--if you cannot measure it, you cannot manage it--into a single analytical and consequent single programmatic worldview. As applied to the United…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Research Universities, Governance, Science Education
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Albert, Mathieu; Laberge, Suzanne; Hodges, Brian D. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
Funding agencies in Canada are attempting to break down the organizational boundaries between disciplines to promote interdisciplinary research and foster the integration of the social sciences into the health research field. This paper explores the extent to which biomedical and clinician scientists' perceptions of social science research operate…
Descriptors: Social Science Research, Interdisciplinary Approach, Scientific Research, Health
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Johnston, Sean F. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
The nuclear engineer emerged as a new form of recognised technical professional between 1940 and the early 1960s as nuclear fission, the chain reaction and their applications were explored. The institutionalization of nuclear engineering--channelled into new national laboratories and corporate design offices during the decade after the war, and…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Higher Education, Science Education, Engineering
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Coccia, Mario – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
The purpose of this paper is to analyse the nature of bureaucratization within public research bodies and its relationship to scientific performance, focusing on an Italian case-study. The main finding is that the bureaucratization of the research sector has two dimensions: public research labs have academic bureaucratization since researchers…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Researchers, Foreign Countries, Case Studies
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Geuna, Aldo; Muscio, Alessandro – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
Universities have long been involved in knowledge transfer activities. Yet the last 30 years have seen major changes in the governance of university-industry interactions. Knowledge transfer has become a strategic issue: as a source of funding for university research and (rightly or wrongly) as a policy tool for economic development. Universities…
Descriptors: Economic Development, Higher Education, Industry, Copyrights
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Mirowski, Philip – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2008
Although the push to get universities to accumulate IP by commercializing their scientific research was a conscious movement, dealing with the blowback in the form of contracts over the transfer of research tools and inputs, called materials transfer agreements (MTAs), was greeted by universities as an afterthought. Faculty often regarded them as…
Descriptors: Research Tools, Scientific Research, Intellectual Property, Higher Education
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