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Showing 121 to 135 of 179 results Save | Export
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Whitley, Richard – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
Major changes in the governance of higher education and the public sciences have taken place over the past 40 or so years in many OECD countries. These have affected the nature of authority relationships governing research priorities and the evaluation of results. In particular, the increasing exogeneity, formalisation and substantive nature of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Sciences, Governance, Public Sector
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Hess, David J. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
Two of Bourdieu's fundamental contributions to science studies--the reflexive analysis of the social and human sciences and the concept of an intellectual field--are used to frame a reflexive study of the history and social studies of science and technology as an intellectual field in the United States. The universe of large, Ph.D.-granting…
Descriptors: Science Departments, Correlation, Sciences, Reflection
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Slade, Catherine P. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
Public values failure occurs when the market and the public sector fail to provide goods and services required to achieve the core values of society such as equity (Bozeman 2007). That public policy for emerging health technologies should address intrinsic societal values such as equity is not a novel concept. However, the ways that the public…
Descriptors: Policy Analysis, Moral Values, Public Sector, Sciences
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Cantwell, Brendan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
This article draws upon concepts developed in recent empirical and theoretical work on high skilled and academic mobility and migration including accidental mobility, forced mobility and negotiated mobility. These concepts inform a situated, qualitative study of mobility among international postdoctoral researchers in life sciences and engineering…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Careers, Science Education, Qualitative Research
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Kaataja, Sampsa – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
Regardless of the increased interest in technological innovation in universities, relatively little is known about the technology developed by academic scientists. Long-term analyses of researchers' technological contribution are notably missing. This paper examines university-based technology in Finland during the period 1900-85. The focus is on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientists, Researchers, College Faculty
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Nour, Samia Satti Osman Mohamed – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
In this paper we discuss the interaction between science policies (and particularly in the area of scientific research) and higher education policies in Gulf and Mediterranean Arab countries. Our analysis reveals a discrepancy between the two sub-regions with respect to integration in the global market, cooperation in scientific research and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Arabs, International Education
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Meyer, Ryan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
This paper examines the broad social purpose of US climate science, which has benefitted from a public investment of more than $30 billion over the last 20 years. A public values analysis identifies five core public values that underpin the interagency program. Drawing from interviews, meeting observations, and document analysis, I examine the…
Descriptors: Investment, Moral Values, Climate, Science Education
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Hessels, Laurens K.; van Lente, Harro – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
In many Western science systems, funding structures increasingly stimulate academic research to contribute to practical applications, but at the same time the rise of bibliometric performance assessments have strengthened the pressure on academics to conduct excellent basic research that can be published in scholarly literature. We analyze the…
Descriptors: Biochemistry, Credibility, Foreign Countries, Chemistry
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Brosnan, Caragh – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
For decades, debates over medical curriculum reform have centred on the role of science in medical education, but the meaning of "science" in this domain is vague and the persistence of the debate has not been explained. Following Bourdieu, this paper examines struggles over legitimate knowledge and the forms of capital associated with…
Descriptors: Medical Education, Integrated Curriculum, Curriculum Development, Medical Students
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Thune, Taran – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
Changes in knowledge production, increasing interaction between government, universities and industry, and changes in labor markets for doctoral degree holders are forces that have spurred a debate about the organization of doctoral education and the competencies graduates need to master to work as scientists and researchers in a triple helix…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Doctoral Programs, Competence, Scientists
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Harwood, Jonathan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
"Academic drift" is a term sometimes used to describe the process whereby knowledge which is intended to be useful gradually loses close ties to practice while becoming more tightly integrated with one or other body of scientific knowledge. Drift in this sense has been a common phenomenon in agriculture, engineering, medicine and management…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Professional Education, Technical Education, Relevance (Education)
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Lepori, Benedetto; Baschung, Lukas; Probst, Carole – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
Teaching and research are organised differently between subject domains: attempts to construct typologies of higher education institutions, however, often do not include quantitative indicators concerning subject mix which would allow systematic comparisons of large numbers of higher education institutions among different countries, as the…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Higher Education, Classification, Foreign Countries
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Metcalfe, J. Stanley – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
It is commonplace to say that the modern economy is knowledge based but a moment's reflection points to the vacuity of this notion. For all economies are knowledge based and could not be otherwise. The question is rather how is one kind of knowledge based economy to be distinguished from another? This essay proposes that the answer may lie in…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Universities, School Business Relationship, Partnerships in Education
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Sarrico, Claudia S.; Rosa, Maria J.; Teixeira, Pedro N.; Cardoso, Margarida F. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
This paper reflects on quality assessment and performance evaluation in higher education, namely by analysing the insufficient link between those two aspects. We start by reviewing the current state of the art regarding different processes and mechanisms of quality assessment and performance evaluation and discuss some of the major issues…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Evaluation, Performance Based Assessment, Educational Assessment
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Halffman, Willem; Leydesdorff, Loet – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2010
One of the unintended consequences of the New Public Management (NPM) in universities is often feared to be a division between elite institutions focused on research and large institutions with teaching missions. However, institutional isomorphisms provide counter-incentives. For example, university rankings focus on certain output parameters such…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Research Universities, Colleges, Equal Education
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