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Showing 166 to 180 of 184 results Save | Export
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Powell, Walter W.; Owen-Smith, Jason; Colyvas, Jeannette A. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2007
American universities are purported to excel at technology transfer. This assumption, however, masks important features of American innovation. Attempts to emulate the US example must recognize the heterogeneity of its industries and institutions of higher education. Stanford University and the biomedical cluster in Boston, Massachusetts,…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Universities, Technology Transfer, Intellectual Property
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Cassity, Elizabeth; Ang, Ien – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2006
National research policies are today driven by the concept of the "knowledge society", in which development is deemed to follow the application of new ideas. Australia, like other countries, has encouraged partnerships between the universities and industry. This essay examines how Australian scholars in the humanities have responded to…
Descriptors: Industry, Foreign Countries, Humanities, Educational Policy
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Lee, J. M. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2006
Between 1940 and 1960, the British Government became increasingly concerned with the welfare of students coming to Britain from the dependent territories of the Commonwealth. The reasons were political, cultural, and economic. This essay traces the transition of official attitudes, from modest promotion to active policy. With the coming "end…
Descriptors: Student Welfare, Foreign Countries, Foreign Students, Educational History
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Brint, Steven – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2005
This paper assesses the causes and consequences of recent American efforts to configure the research university as an engine of economic and social change. Drawing upon interviews and strategic plans, the paper describes recent policies to encourage "interdisciplinary creativity," in a context of increasing income from private gifts and endowments.
Descriptors: Social Change, Strategic Planning, Research Universities, Economic Change
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Schimank, Uwe – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2005
This essay considers recent implications of "new public management" (NPM) strategies for the universities of Germany. It argues that NPM poses a threat to the traditional values of the academic profession, and asks what the universities should do to restore public trust in their methods and management.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Values, College Faculty, Higher Education
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Mazawi, Andre Elias – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2005
This paper describes the academic profession in Saudi Arabia, a state dependent upon oil exports, and explores how different social groups are accommodated within the higher education system. The discussion examines the relationship between political power and academic labour, and seeks to explain how local policies and practices are negotiating…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Foreign Countries, Political Power, Global Approach
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Salom, Francesc X. Barca – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2005
Between 1939 and 1959, the regime led by General Franco pursued a policy of economic self-sufficiency. This policy inflicted great injury on Spanish science and industry, not least in Catalonia, and in its capital, Barcelona. In response, Catalan industry looked to a future made more promising by the advent of nuclear power. This paper describes…
Descriptors: Industry, Nuclear Energy, Foreign Countries, Engineering Education
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Geiger, Roger L.; Sa, Creso – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2005
This paper examines the recent history of State-level policies in the United States for knowledge-based economic development, and identifies an emerging model based on technology creation. This new model goes beyond traditional investments in technology transfer and prioritizes cutting-edge scientific research in economically relevant fields. As…
Descriptors: Economic Development, Scientific Research, Research Universities, Technology Transfer
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Castonguay, Stephane – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2005
In 1916, French entomologist Paul Marchal published a seminal report on the contemporary state of agricultural research in the United States of America. His recommendations underlined the need for a close relationship between research and education, a factor vital to national survival in the aftermath of the Great War. This essay discusses the…
Descriptors: Agricultural Education, Foreign Countries, Public Policy, Agriculture
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Lecuyer, Christophe – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2005
It is widely argued that, in the United States, the Department of Defense dictated the intellectual contours of academic science and engineering during the Cold War. However, in important ways, American science was also deeply influenced by industry. Between 1955 and 1985, Stanford University embraced three waves of industrial innovation in solid…
Descriptors: Electronics, Industry, War, Innovation
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Thiel, Jens – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
Paul Abraham, one of the Berlin Academy's most experienced researchers, was deported to Auschwitz in 1943. The fate of this Jewish scholar reveals much about the inner life of the Academy, and its treatment of Jewish staff, during the World War II. This paper describes his life, against a backdrop of war, revolution, and dictatorship, and in the…
Descriptors: Jews, War, Humanities, World History
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Konig, Wolfgang – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
On 19 March 1900, at the bicentenary celebrations of the Prussian Academy of Sciences, Kaiser Wilhelm II established three new fellowships in engineering sciences. This was in many aspects an unwanted gift, and one which tested the Academy's relationship between pure and applied science. In the context of contemporary struggles between traditional…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Engineering, Sciences, Fellowships
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Soo, Mary; Carson, Cathryn – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
In the 1950s and 1960s, Clark Kerr led the University of California's Berkeley campus, and then the University of California as a whole. Throughout these years, he developed a system of managerial strategies. This paper shows how Kerr's administrative views drew upon his background in industrial relations, his liberal theories of pluralistic…
Descriptors: Research Universities, Administrator Role, Organizational Change, Organizational Theories
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Gulbrandsen, Magnus; Langfeldt, Liv – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
This article investigates the contention that we are seeing the emergence of new forms of knowledge production, transforming the expectations and assessment of fundamental research. We examine three dimensions in the assessment of research. Our studies show little evidence of any significant change in practice in the three sectors in which…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Research, Evaluation Criteria, Change
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Laredo, Philippe; Mustar, Philippe – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
This essay highlights three converging trends experienced by "public sector research" during the past decade. Looking especially at France, our discussion draws attention to the new roles of universities, the blurring of relationships between types of research institutions and research activities, and the development of "research…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Public Sector, College Role, Research
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