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Showing 151 to 163 of 163 results Save | Export
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Salom, Francesc X. Barca – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2005
Between 1939 and 1959, the regime led by General Franco pursued a policy of economic self-sufficiency. This policy inflicted great injury on Spanish science and industry, not least in Catalonia, and in its capital, Barcelona. In response, Catalan industry looked to a future made more promising by the advent of nuclear power. This paper describes…
Descriptors: Industry, Nuclear Energy, Foreign Countries, Engineering Education
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Geiger, Roger L.; Sa, Creso – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2005
This paper examines the recent history of State-level policies in the United States for knowledge-based economic development, and identifies an emerging model based on technology creation. This new model goes beyond traditional investments in technology transfer and prioritizes cutting-edge scientific research in economically relevant fields. As…
Descriptors: Economic Development, Scientific Research, Research Universities, Technology Transfer
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Castonguay, Stephane – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2005
In 1916, French entomologist Paul Marchal published a seminal report on the contemporary state of agricultural research in the United States of America. His recommendations underlined the need for a close relationship between research and education, a factor vital to national survival in the aftermath of the Great War. This essay discusses the…
Descriptors: Agricultural Education, Foreign Countries, Public Policy, Agriculture
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Lecuyer, Christophe – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2005
It is widely argued that, in the United States, the Department of Defense dictated the intellectual contours of academic science and engineering during the Cold War. However, in important ways, American science was also deeply influenced by industry. Between 1955 and 1985, Stanford University embraced three waves of industrial innovation in solid…
Descriptors: Electronics, Industry, War, Innovation
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Thiel, Jens – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
Paul Abraham, one of the Berlin Academy's most experienced researchers, was deported to Auschwitz in 1943. The fate of this Jewish scholar reveals much about the inner life of the Academy, and its treatment of Jewish staff, during the World War II. This paper describes his life, against a backdrop of war, revolution, and dictatorship, and in the…
Descriptors: Jews, War, Humanities, World History
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Konig, Wolfgang – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
On 19 March 1900, at the bicentenary celebrations of the Prussian Academy of Sciences, Kaiser Wilhelm II established three new fellowships in engineering sciences. This was in many aspects an unwanted gift, and one which tested the Academy's relationship between pure and applied science. In the context of contemporary struggles between traditional…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Engineering, Sciences, Fellowships
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Soo, Mary; Carson, Cathryn – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
In the 1950s and 1960s, Clark Kerr led the University of California's Berkeley campus, and then the University of California as a whole. Throughout these years, he developed a system of managerial strategies. This paper shows how Kerr's administrative views drew upon his background in industrial relations, his liberal theories of pluralistic…
Descriptors: Research Universities, Administrator Role, Organizational Change, Organizational Theories
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Gulbrandsen, Magnus; Langfeldt, Liv – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
This article investigates the contention that we are seeing the emergence of new forms of knowledge production, transforming the expectations and assessment of fundamental research. We examine three dimensions in the assessment of research. Our studies show little evidence of any significant change in practice in the three sectors in which…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Research, Evaluation Criteria, Change
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Laredo, Philippe; Mustar, Philippe – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
This essay highlights three converging trends experienced by "public sector research" during the past decade. Looking especially at France, our discussion draws attention to the new roles of universities, the blurring of relationships between types of research institutions and research activities, and the development of "research…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Public Sector, College Role, Research
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Calvert, Jane – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
Today, there is increasing concern about the health of "basic research", yet considerable disagreement about its definition. This paper examines the way in which the term is used in everyday practice. Drawing upon interviews with British and American scientists and policy-makers, we identify six different definitions currently in use.…
Descriptors: Definitions, Scientific Research, Foreign Countries, Scientists
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Notzoldt, Peter; Walther, Peter Th. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
In 1933, the Prussian Academy of Sciences and Humanities was an exclusive learned society, out of touch with modern methods and funding, which had also failed to re-establish itself as a "centre of research". During the Nazi regime, it was at best peripherally involved in the restructuring of German academia. While some of its members…
Descriptors: Environmental Education, Foreign Countries, Sciences, Humanities
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Hardtwig, Wolfgang – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
The German Revolution of November 1918 dramatically altered the Academy's view of its relationship with government. In particular, the Academy's Prussian tradition had to be rethought. From initial wariness to grudging acceptance, the Academy came to accept the Weimar regime. This paper studies the politics of the Academy, uncovers factions and…
Descriptors: Humanities, Sciences, Foreign Countries, Political Attitudes
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Poser, Hans – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
Despite several attempts, the prolific writings of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz have not yet been brought together in a single edition. Efforts have been hampered by the sheer volume and diversity of the Leibniz estate, and also by changing political circumstances. This paper traces the history of the Leibniz edition as a long-term project of the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, World History, World Affairs
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