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Harsh, Matthew; Bal, Ravtosh; Wetmore, Jameson; Zachary, G. Pascal; Holden, Kerry – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The emergence of vibrant research communities of computer scientists in Kenya and Uganda has occurred in the context of neoliberal privatization, commercialization, and transnational capital flows from donors and corporations. We explore how this funding environment configures research culture and research practices, which are conceptualized as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Research Projects, Research Administration, Longitudinal Studies
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Fochler, Maximilian; Felt, Ulrike; Müller, Ruth – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
There is a crisis of valuation practices in the current academic life sciences, triggered by unsustainable growth and "hyper-competition." Quantitative metrics in evaluating researchers are seen as replacing deeper considerations of the quality and novelty of work, as well as substantive care for the societal implications of research.…
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Scientific Research, Foreign Countries, Sustainability
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Youtie, Jan; Bozeman, Barry – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
Publishing is central to the academic reward system. Contributorship issues loom large in this context. The need for fairness in authorship decisions is upheld in most collaborations, yet some collaborations are plagued by "nightmare" issues ranging from inappropriate authorship credit to author order issues to exploitation of students…
Descriptors: Authors, Faculty Publishing, Cooperation, Researchers
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Woelert, Peter – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2015
This paper offers a conceptually novel contribution to the understanding of the distinctive governance challenges arising from the increasing reliance on formalized knowledge in the governance of research activities. It uses the current Australian research governance system as an example--a system which exhibits a comparatively strong degree of…
Descriptors: Governance, Research Projects, Research Administration, Interviews
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Bloch, Carter; Graversen, Ebbe Krogh; Pedersen, Heidi Skovgaard – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
The role of competitive funds as a source of funding for academic research has increased in many countries. For the individual researcher, the receipt of a grant can influence both scientific production and career paths. This paper focuses on the importance of the receipt of a research grant for researchers' academic career paths utilizing a…
Descriptors: Grants, Research, Competition, Career Development
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Ylijoki, Oili-Helena – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
National governments in several countries have promoted and carried out different forms of mergers, consolidations and alliances within their higher education systems in order to increase efficiency, effectiveness and governmental control to ensure that the universities more directly serve the national and regional economic and social objectives.…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Administrative Change, Administrative Organization, College Faculty
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Serrano-Velarde, Kathia – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
European quality assurance has a complicated history that must be viewed as taking place on two levels: first, in a national effort to deregulate the public sector and to make universities accountable for their teaching performance; and second, a supranational endeavor to accomplish European integration in the field of higher education. Similarly,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Accreditation (Institutions), Quality Assurance, Institutional Autonomy
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Krücken, Georg; Blümel, Albrecht; Kloke, Katharina – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
The managerial turn in academia is currently broadly discussed. Based on empirical data gathered from a sample that includes all German universities, we can give a broad and fine-grained account of this turn. What we can clearly see is that whole new categories of administrative management positions have been created over the last years.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, College Administration, Administrative Organization
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Santiago, Rui; Carvalho, Teresa – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2012
In Portugal, as elsewhere, the rhetoric of managerialism in higher education is becoming firmly entrenched in the governmental policymakers' discourse and has been widely disseminated across the institutional landscape. Managerialism is an important ideological support of New Public Management policies and can be classified as a narrative of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Rhetoric, Educational Policy
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Heidler, Richard – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
Scientific collaboration can only be understood along the epistemic and cognitive grounding of scientific disciplines. New scientific discoveries in astrophysics led to a major restructuring of the elite network of astrophysics. To study the interplay of the epistemic grounding and the social network structure of a discipline, a mixed-methods…
Descriptors: Network Analysis, Cooperation, Social Structure, Social Networks
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Meyer, Ryan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
This paper examines the broad social purpose of US climate science, which has benefitted from a public investment of more than $30 billion over the last 20 years. A public values analysis identifies five core public values that underpin the interagency program. Drawing from interviews, meeting observations, and document analysis, I examine the…
Descriptors: Investment, Moral Values, Climate, Science Education
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Brosnan, Caragh – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
For decades, debates over medical curriculum reform have centred on the role of science in medical education, but the meaning of "science" in this domain is vague and the persistence of the debate has not been explained. Following Bourdieu, this paper examines struggles over legitimate knowledge and the forms of capital associated with…
Descriptors: Medical Education, Integrated Curriculum, Curriculum Development, Medical Students
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Smith-Doerr, Laurel – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2008
Many graduate programmes in science now require courses in ethics. However, little is known about their reception or use. Using websites and interviews, this essay examines ethics requirements in the field of biosciences in three countries (the United States of America, the United Kingdom, and Italy) between 2000 and 2005. Evidence suggests that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientists, Ethics, Ethical Instruction
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Brint, Steven – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2005
This paper assesses the causes and consequences of recent American efforts to configure the research university as an engine of economic and social change. Drawing upon interviews and strategic plans, the paper describes recent policies to encourage "interdisciplinary creativity," in a context of increasing income from private gifts and endowments.
Descriptors: Social Change, Strategic Planning, Research Universities, Economic Change
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Calvert, Jane – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
Today, there is increasing concern about the health of "basic research", yet considerable disagreement about its definition. This paper examines the way in which the term is used in everyday practice. Drawing upon interviews with British and American scientists and policy-makers, we identify six different definitions currently in use.…
Descriptors: Definitions, Scientific Research, Foreign Countries, Scientists