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Vanderstraeten, Raf – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2015
Talcott Parsons is often identified as the "master" of mid-twentieth-century social theory. In the 1960s and 1970s, however, his writings were hardly any longer discussed, but mostly neglected. "The American University" is Parsons's last monograph published during his lifetime. On the basis of extensive archival research, this…
Descriptors: Social Theories, Universities, Authors, Higher Education
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Thoenig, Jean-Claude; Paradeise, Catherine – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
Does organizational governance contribute to academic quality? Two top research universities are observed in-depth: Berkeley and the MIT. Three key factors are listed that help generate consistent and lasting high performance. Priority is allocated to self-evaluation and to the development of talent. Values and norms such as community membership,…
Descriptors: Research Universities, Governance, Educational Quality, College Administration
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Adams, Stephen B. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2009
A comparison of the engineering schools at UC Berkeley and Stanford during the 1940s and 1950s shows that having an excellent academic program is necessary but not sufficient to make a university entrepreneurial (an engine of economic development). Key factors that made Stanford more entrepreneurial than Cal during this period were superior…
Descriptors: Economic Development, Engineering Education, Universities, Private Colleges
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Powell, Walter W.; Owen-Smith, Jason; Colyvas, Jeannette A. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2007
American universities are purported to excel at technology transfer. This assumption, however, masks important features of American innovation. Attempts to emulate the US example must recognize the heterogeneity of its industries and institutions of higher education. Stanford University and the biomedical cluster in Boston, Massachusetts,…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Universities, Technology Transfer, Intellectual Property
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Lecuyer, Christophe – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2005
It is widely argued that, in the United States, the Department of Defense dictated the intellectual contours of academic science and engineering during the Cold War. However, in important ways, American science was also deeply influenced by industry. Between 1955 and 1985, Stanford University embraced three waves of industrial innovation in solid…
Descriptors: Electronics, Industry, War, Innovation
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Soo, Mary; Carson, Cathryn – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2004
In the 1950s and 1960s, Clark Kerr led the University of California's Berkeley campus, and then the University of California as a whole. Throughout these years, he developed a system of managerial strategies. This paper shows how Kerr's administrative views drew upon his background in industrial relations, his liberal theories of pluralistic…
Descriptors: Research Universities, Administrator Role, Organizational Change, Organizational Theories