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Showing 91 to 105 of 129 results Save | Export
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Volkmann, Ute; Schimank, Uwe; Rost, Markus – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
The communication infrastructure of modern science is provided by profit-oriented business firms: the publishing houses which print and distribute academic books and journals. Surprisingly, beyond some rather superficial impressions, in science studies little is known about how academic publishers work--in particular, how markets for books and…
Descriptors: Publishing Industry, Chemistry, Sociology, Comparative Analysis
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Serrano-Velarde, Kathia – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
European quality assurance has a complicated history that must be viewed as taking place on two levels: first, in a national effort to deregulate the public sector and to make universities accountable for their teaching performance; and second, a supranational endeavor to accomplish European integration in the field of higher education. Similarly,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Accreditation (Institutions), Quality Assurance, Institutional Autonomy
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Baldini, Nicola; Fini, Riccardo; Grimaldi, Rosa; Sobrero, Maurizio – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
As universities are increasingly called by their national governments for a more entrepreneurial management of public research results, they started to develop internal structures and policies to take a proactive role in the commercialisation of university research. For the first time, this paper presents a detailed chronicle of how country-level…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Universities, Organizational Change, Intellectual Property
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Hermanowicz, Joseph C. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
Select groups and organizations embrace practices that perpetuate their inferiority. The result is the phenomenon we call "mediocrity." This article examines the conditions under which mediocrity is selected and maintained by groups over time. Mediocrity is maintained by a key social process: the marginalization of the adept, which is a…
Descriptors: Status, Social Stratification, Social Discrimination, Research Universities
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Woelert, Peter – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
More recent advancements in digital technologies have significantly alleviated the dissemination of new scientific ideas as well as the storing, searching and retrieval of large amounts of published research findings. While not denying the benefits of this novel "economy of memory," this paper endeavors to shed light on the ways in which…
Descriptors: Memory, Publications, Citations (References), Governance
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Villanueva-Felez, Africa; Molas-Gallart, Jordi; Escribá-Esteve, Alejandro – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
The analysis of social networks has remained a crucial and yet understudied aspect of the efforts to measure Triple Helix linkages. The Triple Helix model aims to explain, among other aspects of knowledge-based societies, "the current research system in its social context" (Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff 2000:109). This paper develops a novel…
Descriptors: Social Networks, Research, Interprofessional Relationship, Researchers
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Fumasoli, Tatiana; Huisman, Jeroen – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
This paper argues that the impact of individual higher education institutions' strategies on system diversity should be explored. By looking at how universities respond strategically to governmental policies as well as to the actions of other (competing) institutions, our understanding of determinants of diversity can be enriched. A conceptual…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Diversity (Institutional), Institutional Characteristics, Public Policy
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Cantwell, Brendan; Taylor, Barrett J. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
Ranking systems such as "The Times Higher Education's World University Rankings" and Shanghai Jiao Tong University's "Academic Rankings of World Universities" simultaneously mark global status and stimulate global academic competition. As international ranking systems have become more prominent, researchers have begun to examine whether global…
Descriptors: Research Universities, Competition, Status, Institutional Characteristics
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Oleksiyenko, Anatoly – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
Cross-border academic collaborations in conflict zones are vulnerable to escalated turbulence, liability concerns and flagging support. Multi-level stakeholder engagement at home and abroad is essential for securing the political and financial sustainability of such collaborations. This study examines the multilayered stakeholder arrangements…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, International Cooperation, Research, Stakeholders
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Rodman, Karmen; Biloslavo, Roberto; Bratoz, Silva – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
The present paper proposes a theoretical model of institutional quality of a higher education institution (HEI) which, in addition to the internal dimensions of quality, incorporates also the external dimension, i.e. the outcomes dimension. This dimension has been neglected by the quality standards and models examined in our paper. Furthermore,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Educational Quality, Models
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Kaiserfeld, Thomas – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
By comparing three types of hybrid organizations--18th-century scientific academies, 19th-century institutions of higher vocational education, and 20th-century industrial research institutes--it is the purpose here to answer the question of why new hybrid organizations are continuously formed. Traditionally, and often implicitly, it is often…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Organizations (Groups), History
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Ramayah, T.; Yeap, Jasmine A. L.; Ignatius, Joshua – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
Universities are expected to be places where knowledge is shared freely among academicians. However, the reality shows that knowledge sharing is barely present within universities these days. As Malaysia shifts towards building a knowledge-based society, academic institutions, particularly the public universities, now face ever-growing faculty…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Sharing Behavior, Universities, College Faculty
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Bekerman, Fabiana – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
This study looks at some of the traits that characterized Argentina's scientific and university policies under the military regime that spanned from 1976 through 1983. To this end, it delves into a rarely explored empirical observation: financial resource transfers from national universities to the National Scientific and Technological Research…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Scientific Research, Foreign Countries, Financial Support
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Lepori, Benedetto; Bonaccorsi, Andrea – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
This paper reports on an experiment concerning the social construction of statistical definitions, where the first census of Higher Education Institutions in Europe has been developed. It conceptualizes the construction of indicators as a social process of definitions and boundaries' negotiation, involving value judgments, social and political…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Statistical Data, Measurement
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Stensaker, Bjørn; Benner, Mats – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
Universities worldwide are facing enormous strains as a result of increased external expectations where global visibility should be mixed with local and regional utility. In debates on the future of higher education, becoming an entrepreneurial university has been highlighted as a novel--although perhaps a more hybrid--way to deal with this…
Descriptors: Entrepreneurship, Universities, Organizational Change, Knowledge Economy
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