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Showing 31 to 45 of 129 results Save | Export
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Pettersson, Ingemar – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The paper examines the introduction of the so-called professor's privilege in Sweden in the 1940s and shows how this legal principle for university patents emerged out of reforms of techno-science and the patent law around World War II. These political processes prompted questions concerning the nature and functions of university research: How is…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Foreign Countries, Intellectual Property, Science and Society
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Beigel, Fernanda; Gallardo, Osvaldo; Bekerman, Fabiana – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The relationship between "marginal" and "mainstream" science has, in recent decades, become a matter of discussion. Traditional perspectives must be reexamined in the wake of transformations in the international circulation of knowledge and the subsequent diversification of scientific "peripherality". Argentina…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Foreign Countries, International Education, Professional Recognition
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Krasnodebski, Marcin – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The initiatives attempting to forge links between the academia and the industry flourished in France after World War I. The so-called "industrial institutes" shared a common goal: to reinvigorate the French economy through science. Because of their focus on applied research, they differed from traditional engineering schools that usually…
Descriptors: Industry, Scientific Research, War, Foreign Countries
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Kaltenbrunner, Wolfgang – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
In this paper, I analyze how recent calls to internationalize publication behavior affect research practices at an automotive engineering department in Germany. Automotive engineering is a field with traditionally rather scarce publication activity and strong connections to industry. Substantial authority to define suitable research problems and…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Foreign Countries, Auto Mechanics, Scientific Research
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Sejersen, Nadja; Hansen, Janus – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
This paper examines the potential pitfalls for academic research associated with goal displacements in the implementation of goals and indicators of research commercialization. We ask why patenting has come to serve as the key policy indicator of innovative capacity and what consequences this has for the organization of academic research. To…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Intellectual Property, Federal Legislation, Foreign Countries
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Madsen, Dorte – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
This paper unpacks ambiguities in the field of interdisciplinarity studies (IDS), explores where they come from and how they inhibit consolidation of the field. The paper takes its point of departure in two central fault lines in the literature: the relationship between interdisciplinarity and disciplinarity and the question of whether integration…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Epistemology, Politics, Educational Practices
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Woodson, Thomas S.; Harsh, Matthew; Foley, Rider – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Science, Technology & Society (STS) graduate programs primarily train graduate students to work in tenure track academic jobs. However, there are not enough tenure track academic jobs to match the supply of STS graduate students, nor does every STS graduate student want to become an academic. As a start to addressing these challenges, we…
Descriptors: Graduate Study, Science Education, Science and Society, Technological Advancement
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Woelert, Peter; Croucher, Gwilym – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The theory of institutional isomorphism has been criticized for overemphasizing organizational convergence and neglecting organizational divergence. Drawing on a range of empirical data, this paper shows that multi-dimensional accounts of isomorphic change are not necessarily incompatible with accounts emphasizing divergence as a typical form of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Legal Education (Professions), Higher Education, Educational Change
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Flink, Tim; Peter, Tobias – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Excellence and frontier research have made inroads into European research policymaking and structure political agendas, funding programs and evaluation practices. The two concepts travelled a long way from the United States and have derived from contexts outside of science (and policy). Following their conceptual journey, we ask how excellence and…
Descriptors: Research, Political Issues, Financial Support, Evaluation Methods
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Grundmann, Reiner – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
This paper puts forward a theoretical framework for the analysis of expertise and experts in contemporary societies. It argues that while prevailing approaches have come to see expertise in various forms and functions, they tend to neglect the broader historical and societal context, and importantly the relational aspect of expertise. This will be…
Descriptors: Expertise, Knowledge Level, Decision Making, Social Environment
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Sapir, Adi – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Research institutions and universities are positioned in a state of inherent struggle to reconcile the pressures and demands of the external environment with those of the scientific community. This paper is focused on one contested area, the division between basic and applied research, and explores how universities work to balance organizational…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Research, Universities, Scientists
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Mößner, Nicola; Kitcher, Philip – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
The internet has considerably changed epistemic practices in science as well as in everyday life. Apparently, this technology allows more and more people to get access to a huge amount of information. Some people even claim that the internet leads to a "democratization of knowledge." In the following text, we will analyze this statement.…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Democracy, Internet, Epistemology
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Montgomery, Kathleen; Oliver, Amalya L. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
This paper addresses the growing problem of retractions in the scientific literature of publications that contain bad data (i.e., fabricated, falsified, or containing error), also called "false science." While the problem is particularly acute in the biomedical literature because of the life-threatening implications when treatment…
Descriptors: Public Health, Governance, Microbiology, Knowledge Management
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Laudel, Grit – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Early career researchers are faced with the expectation of their scientific communities to conduct independent research, which is reflected in the development of independent new research lines. This change must take place under conditions that vary between national career systems. Case studies for a chair system (Germany) and two tenure systems,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Career Development, Career Centers, Barriers
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Olson, Rebecca E.; Brosnan, Caragh – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Interprofessional education (IPE)--students of different professions learning together, from and about each other--is increasingly common in health professional degrees. Despite its explicit aims of transforming identities, practices and relationships within/across health professions, IPE remains under-theorised sociologically, with most IPE…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Professional Education, Allied Health Occupations, Models
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