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Billi, Marco; Blanco, Gustavo; Urquiza, Anahí – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Over the last few decades climate change has been gaining importance in international scientific and political debates. However, the social sciences, especially in Latin America, have only lately become interested in the subject and their approach is still vague. Scientific understanding of global environmental change and the process of designing…
Descriptors: Climate, Scientific Research, Content Analysis, Political Attitudes
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Skupien, Stefan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Scientific collaboration between Northern and Southern researchers and development programs for research capacity-building have received new attention of practitioners and scholars during the last decades. This essay review takes four recent publications on North-South research cooperation and development politics as a starting point to ask for…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Researchers, International Cooperation, Research and Development
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Müller, Ruth; Kaltenbrunner, Wolfgang – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Interdisciplinarity is often framed as crucial for addressing the complex problems of contemporary society and for achieving new levels of innovation. But while science policy and institutions have provided a variety of incentives for stimulating interdisciplinary work throughout Europe, there is also growing evidence that some aspects of the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Interdisciplinary Approach, Career Development, Researchers
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Bezuidenhout, Louise; Ratti, Emanuele; Warne, Nathaniel; Beeler, Dori – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Scientific epistemology is a topic that has sparked centuries of philosophical discourse. In particular, understanding the role that scientists play in the creation and perpetuation of scientific knowledge is a subject that continues to be hotly debated. A relative new-comer to scientific epistemology is the field of virtue epistemology, which…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Epistemology, Scientists, Personality Traits
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Johann, David; Mayer, Sabrina Jasmin – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
We extend previous research by systematically investigating whether perceptions of scientific authorship vary between domains. Employing regulations for authorship of scientific journals as well as the Scientists Survey 2016 conducted by the German Centre for Higher Education Research and Science Studies (DZHW), we provide a comprehensive picture…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Authors, Periodicals, Scientists
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Pettersson, Ingemar – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The paper examines the introduction of the so-called professor's privilege in Sweden in the 1940s and shows how this legal principle for university patents emerged out of reforms of techno-science and the patent law around World War II. These political processes prompted questions concerning the nature and functions of university research: How is…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Foreign Countries, Intellectual Property, Science and Society
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Beigel, Fernanda; Gallardo, Osvaldo; Bekerman, Fabiana – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The relationship between "marginal" and "mainstream" science has, in recent decades, become a matter of discussion. Traditional perspectives must be reexamined in the wake of transformations in the international circulation of knowledge and the subsequent diversification of scientific "peripherality". Argentina…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Foreign Countries, International Education, Professional Recognition
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Krasnodebski, Marcin – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The initiatives attempting to forge links between the academia and the industry flourished in France after World War I. The so-called "industrial institutes" shared a common goal: to reinvigorate the French economy through science. Because of their focus on applied research, they differed from traditional engineering schools that usually…
Descriptors: Industry, Scientific Research, War, Foreign Countries
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Kaltenbrunner, Wolfgang – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
In this paper, I analyze how recent calls to internationalize publication behavior affect research practices at an automotive engineering department in Germany. Automotive engineering is a field with traditionally rather scarce publication activity and strong connections to industry. Substantial authority to define suitable research problems and…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Foreign Countries, Auto Mechanics, Scientific Research
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Sejersen, Nadja; Hansen, Janus – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
This paper examines the potential pitfalls for academic research associated with goal displacements in the implementation of goals and indicators of research commercialization. We ask why patenting has come to serve as the key policy indicator of innovative capacity and what consequences this has for the organization of academic research. To…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Intellectual Property, Federal Legislation, Foreign Countries
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Novotny, Adam – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Do academics who commercialize their inventions have a different professional character than those who do not? The author conducted a nationwide survey in Hungary including 1,562 academics of hard sciences from 14 universities. According to the cluster analysis based on their participation in research commercialization (RC), university scholars…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Sciences, National Surveys
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Powell, Justin J. W.; Dusdal, Jennifer – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Charting significant growth in science production over the 20th century in four European Union member states, this neo-institutional analysis describes the development and current state of universities and research institutes that bolster Europe's position as a key region in global science. On-going internationalization and Europeanization of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientific Research, Research Universities, Research and Development Centers
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Brint, Steven; Carr, Cynthia E. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Extending and expanding Geiger and Feller's (1995) analysis of increasing dispersion in R&D expenditures during the 1980s, the paper analyzes publication and citation counts as well as R&D expenditures for 194 top producers using Web of Science data. We find high and stable levels of inequality in the 1990s and 2000s, combined with robust…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Research Universities, Research and Development, Expenditures
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Fochler, Maximilian; Felt, Ulrike; Müller, Ruth – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
There is a crisis of valuation practices in the current academic life sciences, triggered by unsustainable growth and "hyper-competition." Quantitative metrics in evaluating researchers are seen as replacing deeper considerations of the quality and novelty of work, as well as substantive care for the societal implications of research.…
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Scientific Research, Foreign Countries, Sustainability
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Baron, Christopher; Hamlin, Christopher – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2015
Between 1906 and 1909 the biologist Ronald Ross and the classicist W.H.S. Jones pioneered interdisciplinary research in biology and history in advancing the claim that malaria had been crucial in the decline of golden-age Greece (fourth century BCE). The idea had originated with Ross, winner of the Nobel Prize for demonstrating the importance of…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Social Science Research, Scientific Research, Biology
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