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Showing 1 to 15 of 77 results Save | Export
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Berthoin Antal, Ariane; Rogge, Jan-Christoph – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2020
Given the significant transformations underway in academia, it is pertinent to ask whether the traditional notion of entering the profession in response to a calling is still relevant. This article draws together hitherto unconnected strands of German and Anglo-Saxon literature on callings, then analyzes biographical narratives of 40 social…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, College Faculty, Career Choice
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Bégin-Caouette, Olivier – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2020
In the global academic capitalist race, academics, institutions and countries' symbolic power results from the accumulation of scientific capital. This paper relies on the perspectives of system actors located at the institutional, national and international levels to assess the perceived importance of eight systemic factors in contributing to the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Social Systems, Social Capital, Sciences
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Billi, Marco; Blanco, Gustavo; Urquiza, Anahí – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Over the last few decades climate change has been gaining importance in international scientific and political debates. However, the social sciences, especially in Latin America, have only lately become interested in the subject and their approach is still vague. Scientific understanding of global environmental change and the process of designing…
Descriptors: Climate, Scientific Research, Content Analysis, Political Attitudes
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Tavares, Orlanda; Sin, Cristina; Lança, Vasco – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
In Portugal, research productivity is nowadays essential for the positive assessment of academics, research units and study programmes. Academic inbreeding has been highlighted in the literature as one of the factors influencing research productivity. This paper tests the hypothesis that inbreeding is detrimental for research productivity,…
Descriptors: Doctoral Degrees, Productivity, Sociology, Citation Analysis
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Matthies, Hildegard; Torka, Marc – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Since the 1980s scholars have been increasingly confronted with expectations to orient themselves toward societal and economic priorities. This normative demand for societal responsiveness is inscribed in discourses aimed at increasing the usefulness, competitiveness, and control of academia. New performance criteria, funding conditions, and…
Descriptors: Organizational Change, College Faculty, Competition, Work Environment
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Müller, Ruth; Kaltenbrunner, Wolfgang – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Interdisciplinarity is often framed as crucial for addressing the complex problems of contemporary society and for achieving new levels of innovation. But while science policy and institutions have provided a variety of incentives for stimulating interdisciplinary work throughout Europe, there is also growing evidence that some aspects of the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Interdisciplinary Approach, Career Development, Researchers
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Kim, Bo Kyoung; Hwang, Hokyu; Cho, Hee Jin; Jang, Yong Suk – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
The expansion of the higher education system and the rationalization of universities in South Korea, while broadly following the global patterns, reflect the characteristics of the national political system. We show the rapid growth of universities and document core organizational changes among universities: the elaboration of faculty performance…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Universities, Political Attitudes, Higher Education
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Koch, Natalie; Vora, Neha – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
American university globalization has increasingly targeted and been courted by authoritarian states. While the reasons for these partnerships are manifold--including the ease of top-down large-scale monetary investment, "knowledge economy" development strategies, social engineering programs, and other corporate and imperial…
Descriptors: Authoritarianism, Global Approach, North Americans, Universities
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Johnes, Geraint – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
PIAAC data are used to evaluate the extent of overeducation in G7 countries. Incidence of overeducation is seen to vary systematically with a number of demographic characteristics. The impact of overeducation on remuneration is then estimated using quantile regression. This impact is observed to be minor, suggesting that while some individuals…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Educational Attainment, Overachievement, Foreign Countries
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Dabós, Marcelo P.; Gantman, Ernesto R.; Fernández Rodríguez, Carlos J. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
We analyze the prestige of 1,500 scholars in economics, sociology, and management who have Spanish and French institutional affiliations operationalized by their h-index in Scopus and Google Scholar. We use a negative binomial count model to examine how some individual factors affect the h-index from both databases. The results show a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reputation, Social Science Research, Economics
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Lindvig, Katrine; Hillersdal, Line – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
While interdisciplinarity is not a new concept, the political and discursive mobilisation of interdisciplinarity is. Since the 1990s, this movement has intensified, and this has affected central funding bodies so that interdisciplinarity is now a de facto requirement in successful grant application. As a result, the literature is ripe with…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Interdisciplinary Approach, Research, Higher Education
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Roumbanis, Lambros – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
It is widely recognized that universities all around Europe have taken on a more market-oriented approach that has changed the core of academic work life. This has led to a precarious situation for many junior scholars, who have to seek research funding to cover their own wages in an increasingly fierce competition over scarce resources. Thus, at…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Beginning Teachers, Teacher Researchers
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Franssen, Thomas; Scholten, Wout; Hessels, Laurens K.; de Rijcke, Sarah – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Over the past decades, science funding shows a shift from recurrent block funding towards project funding mechanisms. However, our knowledge of how project funding arrangements influence the organizational and epistemic properties of research is limited. To study this relation, a bridge between science policy studies and science studies is…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Innovation, Institutional Characteristics, Research Administration
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Harsh, Matthew; Bal, Ravtosh; Wetmore, Jameson; Zachary, G. Pascal; Holden, Kerry – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The emergence of vibrant research communities of computer scientists in Kenya and Uganda has occurred in the context of neoliberal privatization, commercialization, and transnational capital flows from donors and corporations. We explore how this funding environment configures research culture and research practices, which are conceptualized as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Research Projects, Research Administration, Longitudinal Studies
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Torka, Marc – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Funding is an important mechanism for exercising influence over ever more parts of academic systems. In order to do so, funding agencies attempt to export their functional and normative prerequisites for financing to new fields. One essential requirement for fundees is then to construct research processes in the form of a project beforehand, one…
Descriptors: Funding Formulas, Finance Reform, Doctoral Programs, Institutional Characteristics
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