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Bezuidenhout, Louise; Ratti, Emanuele; Warne, Nathaniel; Beeler, Dori – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Scientific epistemology is a topic that has sparked centuries of philosophical discourse. In particular, understanding the role that scientists play in the creation and perpetuation of scientific knowledge is a subject that continues to be hotly debated. A relative new-comer to scientific epistemology is the field of virtue epistemology, which…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Epistemology, Scientists, Personality Traits
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Hessels, Laurens K.; Franssen, Thomas; Scholten, Wout; de Rijcke, Sarah – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
This paper aims to explore disciplinary variation in valuation practices by comparing the way research groups accumulate credibility across four epistemic cultures. Our analysis is based on case studies of four high-performing research groups representing very different epistemic cultures in humanities, social sciences, geosciences and…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Educational Researchers, Credibility, Epistemology
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Franssen, Thomas; Scholten, Wout; Hessels, Laurens K.; de Rijcke, Sarah – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Over the past decades, science funding shows a shift from recurrent block funding towards project funding mechanisms. However, our knowledge of how project funding arrangements influence the organizational and epistemic properties of research is limited. To study this relation, a bridge between science policy studies and science studies is…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Innovation, Institutional Characteristics, Research Administration
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Madsen, Dorte – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
This paper unpacks ambiguities in the field of interdisciplinarity studies (IDS), explores where they come from and how they inhibit consolidation of the field. The paper takes its point of departure in two central fault lines in the literature: the relationship between interdisciplinarity and disciplinarity and the question of whether integration…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Epistemology, Politics, Educational Practices
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Mößner, Nicola; Kitcher, Philip – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
The internet has considerably changed epistemic practices in science as well as in everyday life. Apparently, this technology allows more and more people to get access to a huge amount of information. Some people even claim that the internet leads to a "democratization of knowledge." In the following text, we will analyze this statement.…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Democracy, Internet, Epistemology
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Olson, Rebecca E.; Brosnan, Caragh – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Interprofessional education (IPE)--students of different professions learning together, from and about each other--is increasingly common in health professional degrees. Despite its explicit aims of transforming identities, practices and relationships within/across health professions, IPE remains under-theorised sociologically, with most IPE…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Professional Education, Allied Health Occupations, Models
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Hammarfelt, Björn; de Rijcke, Sarah; Wouters, Paul – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Global university rankings have become increasingly important "calculative devices" for assessing the "quality" of higher education and research. Their ability to make characteristics of universities "calculable" is here exemplified by the first proper university ranking ever, produced as early as 1910 by the American…
Descriptors: Universities, Excellence in Education, Reputation, Educational Quality
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Orthia, Lindy A. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
Since the mid-twentieth century, the 'Scientific Revolution' has arguably occupied centre stage in most Westerners', and many non-Westerners', conceptions of science history. Yet among history of science specialists that position has been profoundly contested. Most radically, historians Andrew Cunningham and Perry Williams in 1993 proposed to…
Descriptors: Science Education, Science History, Science Instruction, Intellectual History
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Miettinen, Reijo; Tuunainen, Juha; Esko, Terhi – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2015
Because of the gross difficulties in measuring the societal impact of academic research, qualitative approaches have been developed in the last decade mostly based on forms of interaction between university and other societal stakeholders. In this paper, we suggest a framework for qualitative analysis based on the distinction between three…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Qualitative Research, Epistemology, Social Problems
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Woelert, Peter – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2015
This paper offers a conceptually novel contribution to the understanding of the distinctive governance challenges arising from the increasing reliance on formalized knowledge in the governance of research activities. It uses the current Australian research governance system as an example--a system which exhibits a comparatively strong degree of…
Descriptors: Governance, Research Projects, Research Administration, Interviews
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Heidler, Richard – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
Scientific collaboration can only be understood along the epistemic and cognitive grounding of scientific disciplines. New scientific discoveries in astrophysics led to a major restructuring of the elite network of astrophysics. To study the interplay of the epistemic grounding and the social network structure of a discipline, a mixed-methods…
Descriptors: Network Analysis, Cooperation, Social Structure, Social Networks