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Berthoin Antal, Ariane; Rogge, Jan-Christoph – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2020
Given the significant transformations underway in academia, it is pertinent to ask whether the traditional notion of entering the profession in response to a calling is still relevant. This article draws together hitherto unconnected strands of German and Anglo-Saxon literature on callings, then analyzes biographical narratives of 40 social…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, College Faculty, Career Choice
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Tavares, Orlanda; Sin, Cristina; Lança, Vasco – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
In Portugal, research productivity is nowadays essential for the positive assessment of academics, research units and study programmes. Academic inbreeding has been highlighted in the literature as one of the factors influencing research productivity. This paper tests the hypothesis that inbreeding is detrimental for research productivity,…
Descriptors: Doctoral Degrees, Productivity, Sociology, Citation Analysis
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Matthies, Hildegard; Torka, Marc – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Since the 1980s scholars have been increasingly confronted with expectations to orient themselves toward societal and economic priorities. This normative demand for societal responsiveness is inscribed in discourses aimed at increasing the usefulness, competitiveness, and control of academia. New performance criteria, funding conditions, and…
Descriptors: Organizational Change, College Faculty, Competition, Work Environment
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Torka, Marc – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Funding is an important mechanism for exercising influence over ever more parts of academic systems. In order to do so, funding agencies attempt to export their functional and normative prerequisites for financing to new fields. One essential requirement for fundees is then to construct research processes in the form of a project beforehand, one…
Descriptors: Funding Formulas, Finance Reform, Doctoral Programs, Institutional Characteristics
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Montgomery, Kathleen; Oliver, Amalya L. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
This paper addresses the growing problem of retractions in the scientific literature of publications that contain bad data (i.e., fabricated, falsified, or containing error), also called "false science." While the problem is particularly acute in the biomedical literature because of the life-threatening implications when treatment…
Descriptors: Public Health, Governance, Microbiology, Knowledge Management
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Laudel, Grit – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Early career researchers are faced with the expectation of their scientific communities to conduct independent research, which is reflected in the development of independent new research lines. This change must take place under conditions that vary between national career systems. Case studies for a chair system (Germany) and two tenure systems,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Career Development, Career Centers, Barriers
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Powell, Justin J. W.; Dusdal, Jennifer – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Charting significant growth in science production over the 20th century in four European Union member states, this neo-institutional analysis describes the development and current state of universities and research institutes that bolster Europe's position as a key region in global science. On-going internationalization and Europeanization of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientific Research, Research Universities, Research and Development Centers
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Pansters, Wil G.; van Rinsum, Henk J. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
On the basis of ethnographic and historical material this article makes a comparative analysis of the relationship between public events, ceremonies and academic rituals, institutional identity, and processes of transition and power at two universities, one in Mexico and the other in South Africa. The public events examined here play a major role…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Educational Change, Power Structure
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Volkmann, Ute; Schimank, Uwe; Rost, Markus – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
The communication infrastructure of modern science is provided by profit-oriented business firms: the publishing houses which print and distribute academic books and journals. Surprisingly, beyond some rather superficial impressions, in science studies little is known about how academic publishers work--in particular, how markets for books and…
Descriptors: Publishing Industry, Chemistry, Sociology, Comparative Analysis
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Kaiserfeld, Thomas – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
By comparing three types of hybrid organizations--18th-century scientific academies, 19th-century institutions of higher vocational education, and 20th-century industrial research institutes--it is the purpose here to answer the question of why new hybrid organizations are continuously formed. Traditionally, and often implicitly, it is often…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Organizations (Groups), History
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Frodeman, Robert; Briggle, Adam – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2012
The demand for greater public accountability is changing the nature of ex ante peer review at public science agencies worldwide. Based on a four year research project, this essay examines these changes through an analysis of the process of grant proposal review at two US public science agencies, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the…
Descriptors: Peer Evaluation, Comparative Analysis, Accountability, Research Projects
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Hessels, Laurens K.; van Lente, Harro – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
In many Western science systems, funding structures increasingly stimulate academic research to contribute to practical applications, but at the same time the rise of bibliometric performance assessments have strengthened the pressure on academics to conduct excellent basic research that can be published in scholarly literature. We analyze the…
Descriptors: Biochemistry, Credibility, Foreign Countries, Chemistry
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Brosnan, Caragh – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
For decades, debates over medical curriculum reform have centred on the role of science in medical education, but the meaning of "science" in this domain is vague and the persistence of the debate has not been explained. Following Bourdieu, this paper examines struggles over legitimate knowledge and the forms of capital associated with…
Descriptors: Medical Education, Integrated Curriculum, Curriculum Development, Medical Students