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Hicks, Diana; Holbrook, J. Britt – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2020
Should philosophy help address the problems of non-philosophers or should it be something isolated both from other disciplines and from the lay public? This question became more than academic for philosophers working in UK universities with the introduction of societal impact assessment in the national research evaluation exercise, the REF. Every…
Descriptors: Philosophy, Role, Intellectual Disciplines, College Faculty
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Berthoin Antal, Ariane; Rogge, Jan-Christoph – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2020
Given the significant transformations underway in academia, it is pertinent to ask whether the traditional notion of entering the profession in response to a calling is still relevant. This article draws together hitherto unconnected strands of German and Anglo-Saxon literature on callings, then analyzes biographical narratives of 40 social…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, College Faculty, Career Choice
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Tavares, Orlanda; Sin, Cristina; Lança, Vasco – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
In Portugal, research productivity is nowadays essential for the positive assessment of academics, research units and study programmes. Academic inbreeding has been highlighted in the literature as one of the factors influencing research productivity. This paper tests the hypothesis that inbreeding is detrimental for research productivity,…
Descriptors: Doctoral Degrees, Productivity, Sociology, Citation Analysis
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Matthies, Hildegard; Torka, Marc – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Since the 1980s scholars have been increasingly confronted with expectations to orient themselves toward societal and economic priorities. This normative demand for societal responsiveness is inscribed in discourses aimed at increasing the usefulness, competitiveness, and control of academia. New performance criteria, funding conditions, and…
Descriptors: Organizational Change, College Faculty, Competition, Work Environment
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Müller, Ruth; Kaltenbrunner, Wolfgang – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Interdisciplinarity is often framed as crucial for addressing the complex problems of contemporary society and for achieving new levels of innovation. But while science policy and institutions have provided a variety of incentives for stimulating interdisciplinary work throughout Europe, there is also growing evidence that some aspects of the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Interdisciplinary Approach, Career Development, Researchers
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Kim, Bo Kyoung; Hwang, Hokyu; Cho, Hee Jin; Jang, Yong Suk – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
The expansion of the higher education system and the rationalization of universities in South Korea, while broadly following the global patterns, reflect the characteristics of the national political system. We show the rapid growth of universities and document core organizational changes among universities: the elaboration of faculty performance…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Universities, Political Attitudes, Higher Education
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Roumbanis, Lambros – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
It is widely recognized that universities all around Europe have taken on a more market-oriented approach that has changed the core of academic work life. This has led to a precarious situation for many junior scholars, who have to seek research funding to cover their own wages in an increasingly fierce competition over scarce resources. Thus, at…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Beginning Teachers, Teacher Researchers
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Pettersson, Ingemar – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The paper examines the introduction of the so-called professor's privilege in Sweden in the 1940s and shows how this legal principle for university patents emerged out of reforms of techno-science and the patent law around World War II. These political processes prompted questions concerning the nature and functions of university research: How is…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Foreign Countries, Intellectual Property, Science and Society
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Beigel, Fernanda; Gallardo, Osvaldo; Bekerman, Fabiana – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The relationship between "marginal" and "mainstream" science has, in recent decades, become a matter of discussion. Traditional perspectives must be reexamined in the wake of transformations in the international circulation of knowledge and the subsequent diversification of scientific "peripherality". Argentina…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Foreign Countries, International Education, Professional Recognition
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Krasnodebski, Marcin – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The initiatives attempting to forge links between the academia and the industry flourished in France after World War I. The so-called "industrial institutes" shared a common goal: to reinvigorate the French economy through science. Because of their focus on applied research, they differed from traditional engineering schools that usually…
Descriptors: Industry, Scientific Research, War, Foreign Countries
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Kaltenbrunner, Wolfgang – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
In this paper, I analyze how recent calls to internationalize publication behavior affect research practices at an automotive engineering department in Germany. Automotive engineering is a field with traditionally rather scarce publication activity and strong connections to industry. Substantial authority to define suitable research problems and…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Foreign Countries, Auto Mechanics, Scientific Research
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Sejersen, Nadja; Hansen, Janus – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
This paper examines the potential pitfalls for academic research associated with goal displacements in the implementation of goals and indicators of research commercialization. We ask why patenting has come to serve as the key policy indicator of innovative capacity and what consequences this has for the organization of academic research. To…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Intellectual Property, Federal Legislation, Foreign Countries
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Woodson, Thomas S.; Harsh, Matthew; Foley, Rider – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Science, Technology & Society (STS) graduate programs primarily train graduate students to work in tenure track academic jobs. However, there are not enough tenure track academic jobs to match the supply of STS graduate students, nor does every STS graduate student want to become an academic. As a start to addressing these challenges, we…
Descriptors: Graduate Study, Science Education, Science and Society, Technological Advancement
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Bühlmann, Felix; Benz, Pierre; Mach, André; Rossier, Thierry – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
As a scientific discipline and profession, law has been for centuries at the heart of social and political power of many Western societies. Professors of law, as influential representatives of the profession, are important powerbrokers between academia, politics and the corporate world. Their influence is based on scientific reputation,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Legal Education (Professions), Teacher Role
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Novotny, Adam – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Do academics who commercialize their inventions have a different professional character than those who do not? The author conducted a nationwide survey in Hungary including 1,562 academics of hard sciences from 14 universities. According to the cluster analysis based on their participation in research commercialization (RC), university scholars…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Sciences, National Surveys
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