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Bezuidenhout, Louise; Ratti, Emanuele; Warne, Nathaniel; Beeler, Dori – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Scientific epistemology is a topic that has sparked centuries of philosophical discourse. In particular, understanding the role that scientists play in the creation and perpetuation of scientific knowledge is a subject that continues to be hotly debated. A relative new-comer to scientific epistemology is the field of virtue epistemology, which…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Epistemology, Scientists, Personality Traits
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Flink, Tim; Peter, Tobias – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Excellence and frontier research have made inroads into European research policymaking and structure political agendas, funding programs and evaluation practices. The two concepts travelled a long way from the United States and have derived from contexts outside of science (and policy). Following their conceptual journey, we ask how excellence and…
Descriptors: Research, Political Issues, Financial Support, Evaluation Methods
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Brint, Steven; Carr, Cynthia E. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Extending and expanding Geiger and Feller's (1995) analysis of increasing dispersion in R&D expenditures during the 1980s, the paper analyzes publication and citation counts as well as R&D expenditures for 194 top producers using Web of Science data. We find high and stable levels of inequality in the 1990s and 2000s, combined with robust…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Research Universities, Research and Development, Expenditures
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Orthia, Lindy A. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2016
Since the mid-twentieth century, the 'Scientific Revolution' has arguably occupied centre stage in most Westerners', and many non-Westerners', conceptions of science history. Yet among history of science specialists that position has been profoundly contested. Most radically, historians Andrew Cunningham and Perry Williams in 1993 proposed to…
Descriptors: Science Education, Science History, Science Instruction, Intellectual History
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Baron, Christopher; Hamlin, Christopher – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2015
Between 1906 and 1909 the biologist Ronald Ross and the classicist W.H.S. Jones pioneered interdisciplinary research in biology and history in advancing the claim that malaria had been crucial in the decline of golden-age Greece (fourth century BCE). The idea had originated with Ross, winner of the Nobel Prize for demonstrating the importance of…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Social Science Research, Scientific Research, Biology
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van Rooij, Arjan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
Today universities are increasingly seen as motors of innovation: they not only need to provide trained manpower and publications to society, but also new products, new processes and new services that create firms, jobs, and economic growth. This function of universities is controversial, and a huge and still expanding literature has tried to…
Descriptors: Universities, Innovation, College Role, Entrepreneurship