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Berthoin Antal, Ariane; Rogge, Jan-Christoph – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2020
Given the significant transformations underway in academia, it is pertinent to ask whether the traditional notion of entering the profession in response to a calling is still relevant. This article draws together hitherto unconnected strands of German and Anglo-Saxon literature on callings, then analyzes biographical narratives of 40 social…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, College Faculty, Career Choice
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Johnes, Geraint – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
PIAAC data are used to evaluate the extent of overeducation in G7 countries. Incidence of overeducation is seen to vary systematically with a number of demographic characteristics. The impact of overeducation on remuneration is then estimated using quantile regression. This impact is observed to be minor, suggesting that while some individuals…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Educational Attainment, Overachievement, Foreign Countries
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Tao, Yu; Hong, Wei; Ma, Ying – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Gender differences in science and engineering (S&E) have been studied in various countries. Most of these studies find that women are underrepresented in the S&E workforce and publish less than their male peers. The factors that contribute to gender differences in experience and performance in S&E careers can vary from one country to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Writing for Publication, Productivity
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Brint, Steven; Carr, Cynthia E. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Extending and expanding Geiger and Feller's (1995) analysis of increasing dispersion in R&D expenditures during the 1980s, the paper analyzes publication and citation counts as well as R&D expenditures for 194 top producers using Web of Science data. We find high and stable levels of inequality in the 1990s and 2000s, combined with robust…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Research Universities, Research and Development, Expenditures
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Vanderstraeten, Raf – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2015
Talcott Parsons is often identified as the "master" of mid-twentieth-century social theory. In the 1960s and 1970s, however, his writings were hardly any longer discussed, but mostly neglected. "The American University" is Parsons's last monograph published during his lifetime. On the basis of extensive archival research, this…
Descriptors: Social Theories, Universities, Authors, Higher Education
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Wagner, Caroline S.; Bornmann, Lutz; Leydesdorff, Loet – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2015
China's remarkable gains in science over the past 25 years have been well documented but it is less well known that China and the United States have become each other's top collaborating country. Science and technology has been a primary vehicle for growing the bilateral relationship between China and the United States since the opening of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, International Cooperation, Cooperative Programs, Sciences
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Tsvetkova, Natalia – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
This article discusses the history of American and Soviet transformations in German universities during the period of the Cold War, 1945-1990. Both American and Soviet policies were resisted by the university community, particularly by the conservative German professoriate, in both parts of the divided Germany. The article shows how and why both…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Universities, World History
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Sá, Creso; Kretz, Andrew; Sigurdson, Kristjan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
Our historical study of Canada's main research university illuminates the overlooked influence of national identities and interests as forces shaping the institutionalization of technology transfer. Through the use of archival sources we trace the rise and influence of Canadian technological nationalism--a response to Canada's perceived dependency…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Research Universities, Educational History, Technology Transfer
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Hrotic, Steven – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
The academy is widely reported to be going through a period of transformation: not just changes to what is taught, but threats to tenure and internal funding, perhaps balanced by new possibilities for external funding and interdisciplinary projects. This article discusses a recently conducted survey of US and Canadian Philosophy departments, in an…
Descriptors: Philosophy, Departments, Higher Education, Surveys
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Cantwell, Brendan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
This article draws upon concepts developed in recent empirical and theoretical work on high skilled and academic mobility and migration including accidental mobility, forced mobility and negotiated mobility. These concepts inform a situated, qualitative study of mobility among international postdoctoral researchers in life sciences and engineering…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Careers, Science Education, Qualitative Research
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Meyer, Ryan – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2011
This paper examines the broad social purpose of US climate science, which has benefitted from a public investment of more than $30 billion over the last 20 years. A public values analysis identifies five core public values that underpin the interagency program. Drawing from interviews, meeting observations, and document analysis, I examine the…
Descriptors: Investment, Moral Values, Climate, Science Education