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Berthoin Antal, Ariane; Rogge, Jan-Christoph – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2020
Given the significant transformations underway in academia, it is pertinent to ask whether the traditional notion of entering the profession in response to a calling is still relevant. This article draws together hitherto unconnected strands of German and Anglo-Saxon literature on callings, then analyzes biographical narratives of 40 social…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, College Faculty, Career Choice
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Matthies, Hildegard; Torka, Marc – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
Since the 1980s scholars have been increasingly confronted with expectations to orient themselves toward societal and economic priorities. This normative demand for societal responsiveness is inscribed in discourses aimed at increasing the usefulness, competitiveness, and control of academia. New performance criteria, funding conditions, and…
Descriptors: Organizational Change, College Faculty, Competition, Work Environment
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Johnes, Geraint – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2019
PIAAC data are used to evaluate the extent of overeducation in G7 countries. Incidence of overeducation is seen to vary systematically with a number of demographic characteristics. The impact of overeducation on remuneration is then estimated using quantile regression. This impact is observed to be minor, suggesting that while some individuals…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Educational Attainment, Overachievement, Foreign Countries
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Torka, Marc – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Funding is an important mechanism for exercising influence over ever more parts of academic systems. In order to do so, funding agencies attempt to export their functional and normative prerequisites for financing to new fields. One essential requirement for fundees is then to construct research processes in the form of a project beforehand, one…
Descriptors: Funding Formulas, Finance Reform, Doctoral Programs, Institutional Characteristics
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Whitley, Richard; Gläser, Jochen; Laudel, Grit – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The past three decades have witnessed a sharp reduction in the rate of growth of public research funding, and sometimes an actual decline in its level. In many countries, this decline has been accompanied by substantial changes in the ways that such funding has been allocated and monitored. In addition, the institutions governing how research is…
Descriptors: Innovation, Educational Research, Biology, Physics
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Sigl, Lisa; Leišyte, Liudvika – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The ways in which societies and institutions institutionalize and practice invention management reflects not only how new ideas are valued, but also imaginaries about the role of science and technology for societal development. Often taking the US Bayh-Dole-Act as a model, many European states have recently implemented changes in how inventions at…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Intellectual Property, Science and Society, Semantics
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Kaltenbrunner, Wolfgang – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
In this paper, I analyze how recent calls to internationalize publication behavior affect research practices at an automotive engineering department in Germany. Automotive engineering is a field with traditionally rather scarce publication activity and strong connections to industry. Substantial authority to define suitable research problems and…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Foreign Countries, Auto Mechanics, Scientific Research
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Laudel, Grit – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Early career researchers are faced with the expectation of their scientific communities to conduct independent research, which is reflected in the development of independent new research lines. This change must take place under conditions that vary between national career systems. Case studies for a chair system (Germany) and two tenure systems,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Career Development, Career Centers, Barriers
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Powell, Justin J. W.; Dusdal, Jennifer – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Charting significant growth in science production over the 20th century in four European Union member states, this neo-institutional analysis describes the development and current state of universities and research institutes that bolster Europe's position as a key region in global science. On-going internationalization and Europeanization of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientific Research, Research Universities, Research and Development Centers
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Waaijer, Cathelijn J. F. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2015
In modern academic career systems there are a large number of entry positions, much smaller numbers of intermediate positions, and still fewer full professorships. We examine how this system has developed in Germany, the country where the modern academic system was introduced, tracing the historical development of academic positions since the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Practices, Academic Rank (Professional), Career Development
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Tsvetkova, Natalia – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
This article discusses the history of American and Soviet transformations in German universities during the period of the Cold War, 1945-1990. Both American and Soviet policies were resisted by the university community, particularly by the conservative German professoriate, in both parts of the divided Germany. The article shows how and why both…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Universities, World History
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Volkmann, Ute; Schimank, Uwe; Rost, Markus – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
The communication infrastructure of modern science is provided by profit-oriented business firms: the publishing houses which print and distribute academic books and journals. Surprisingly, beyond some rather superficial impressions, in science studies little is known about how academic publishers work--in particular, how markets for books and…
Descriptors: Publishing Industry, Chemistry, Sociology, Comparative Analysis
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Serrano-Velarde, Kathia – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2014
European quality assurance has a complicated history that must be viewed as taking place on two levels: first, in a national effort to deregulate the public sector and to make universities accountable for their teaching performance; and second, a supranational endeavor to accomplish European integration in the field of higher education. Similarly,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Accreditation (Institutions), Quality Assurance, Institutional Autonomy
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Krücken, Georg; Blümel, Albrecht; Kloke, Katharina – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2013
The managerial turn in academia is currently broadly discussed. Based on empirical data gathered from a sample that includes all German universities, we can give a broad and fine-grained account of this turn. What we can clearly see is that whole new categories of administrative management positions have been created over the last years.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, College Administration, Administrative Organization