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Showing 1 to 15 of 145 results Save | Export
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Franssen, Thomas; Scholten, Wout; Hessels, Laurens K.; de Rijcke, Sarah – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Over the past decades, science funding shows a shift from recurrent block funding towards project funding mechanisms. However, our knowledge of how project funding arrangements influence the organizational and epistemic properties of research is limited. To study this relation, a bridge between science policy studies and science studies is…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Innovation, Institutional Characteristics, Research Administration
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Harsh, Matthew; Bal, Ravtosh; Wetmore, Jameson; Zachary, G. Pascal; Holden, Kerry – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The emergence of vibrant research communities of computer scientists in Kenya and Uganda has occurred in the context of neoliberal privatization, commercialization, and transnational capital flows from donors and corporations. We explore how this funding environment configures research culture and research practices, which are conceptualized as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Research Projects, Research Administration, Longitudinal Studies
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Torka, Marc – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Funding is an important mechanism for exercising influence over ever more parts of academic systems. In order to do so, funding agencies attempt to export their functional and normative prerequisites for financing to new fields. One essential requirement for fundees is then to construct research processes in the form of a project beforehand, one…
Descriptors: Funding Formulas, Finance Reform, Doctoral Programs, Institutional Characteristics
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Whitley, Richard; Gläser, Jochen; Laudel, Grit – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
The past three decades have witnessed a sharp reduction in the rate of growth of public research funding, and sometimes an actual decline in its level. In many countries, this decline has been accompanied by substantial changes in the ways that such funding has been allocated and monitored. In addition, the institutions governing how research is…
Descriptors: Innovation, Educational Research, Biology, Physics
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Serrano Velarde, Kathia – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2018
Although existing scholarship offers critical insights into the working mechanisms of project-based research funding, little is known about the actual practice of writing grant proposals. Our study seeks to add a longitudinal dimension to the ongoing debate on the implications of competitive research funding by focusing on the incremental…
Descriptors: Proposal Writing, Grantsmanship, Institutional Characteristics, Research Projects
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Grundmann, Reiner – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
This paper puts forward a theoretical framework for the analysis of expertise and experts in contemporary societies. It argues that while prevailing approaches have come to see expertise in various forms and functions, they tend to neglect the broader historical and societal context, and importantly the relational aspect of expertise. This will be…
Descriptors: Expertise, Knowledge Level, Decision Making, Social Environment
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Sapir, Adi – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Research institutions and universities are positioned in a state of inherent struggle to reconcile the pressures and demands of the external environment with those of the scientific community. This paper is focused on one contested area, the division between basic and applied research, and explores how universities work to balance organizational…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Research, Universities, Scientists
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Mößner, Nicola; Kitcher, Philip – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
The internet has considerably changed epistemic practices in science as well as in everyday life. Apparently, this technology allows more and more people to get access to a huge amount of information. Some people even claim that the internet leads to a "democratization of knowledge." In the following text, we will analyze this statement.…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Democracy, Internet, Epistemology
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Montgomery, Kathleen; Oliver, Amalya L. – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
This paper addresses the growing problem of retractions in the scientific literature of publications that contain bad data (i.e., fabricated, falsified, or containing error), also called "false science." While the problem is particularly acute in the biomedical literature because of the life-threatening implications when treatment…
Descriptors: Public Health, Governance, Microbiology, Knowledge Management
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Laudel, Grit – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Early career researchers are faced with the expectation of their scientific communities to conduct independent research, which is reflected in the development of independent new research lines. This change must take place under conditions that vary between national career systems. Case studies for a chair system (Germany) and two tenure systems,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Career Development, Career Centers, Barriers
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Olson, Rebecca E.; Brosnan, Caragh – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Interprofessional education (IPE)--students of different professions learning together, from and about each other--is increasingly common in health professional degrees. Despite its explicit aims of transforming identities, practices and relationships within/across health professions, IPE remains under-theorised sociologically, with most IPE…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Professional Education, Allied Health Occupations, Models
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Wright, Claire; Ville, Simon – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Interdisciplinary research is frequently viewed as an important component of the research landscape through its innovative ability to integrate knowledge from different areas. However, support for interdisciplinary research is often strategic rhetoric, with policy-makers and universities frequently adopting practices that favour disciplinary…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Interdisciplinary Approach, Educational Research, Innovation
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Bühlmann, Felix; Benz, Pierre; Mach, André; Rossier, Thierry – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
As a scientific discipline and profession, law has been for centuries at the heart of social and political power of many Western societies. Professors of law, as influential representatives of the profession, are important powerbrokers between academia, politics and the corporate world. Their influence is based on scientific reputation,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Legal Education (Professions), Teacher Role
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Tao, Yu; Hong, Wei; Ma, Ying – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Gender differences in science and engineering (S&E) have been studied in various countries. Most of these studies find that women are underrepresented in the S&E workforce and publish less than their male peers. The factors that contribute to gender differences in experience and performance in S&E careers can vary from one country to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Writing for Publication, Productivity
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Novotny, Adam – Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, 2017
Do academics who commercialize their inventions have a different professional character than those who do not? The author conducted a nationwide survey in Hungary including 1,562 academics of hard sciences from 14 universities. According to the cluster analysis based on their participation in research commercialization (RC), university scholars…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Faculty, Sciences, National Surveys
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