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Showing 61 to 75 of 332 results Save | Export
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Brock, Laura L.; Kim, Helyn; Grissmer, David W. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The present study examines cross-lagged associations among executive function, visuomotor skills, and math and reading achievement from kindergarten to second grade. Both executive function and visuomotor integration tend to be delayed in socioeconomically disadvantaged children and can explain nearly half the achievement gap at kindergarten…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Executive Function, Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement
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Sutter, Carolyn; Ontai, Lenna L.; Shilts, Mical K.; Lanoue, Louise; Allen, Lindsay H.; Townsend, Marilyn S. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
Previous research suggests obesity is negatively related to cognitive functioning and academic outcomes in addition to physical health. However, not much is known about this association in early childhood or potential physiological underpinnings. Biomarkers related to obesity have been associated with cognition, in particular the adipokine leptin,…
Descriptors: Correlation, School Readiness, Obesity, Low Income
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Rosenberg-Lee, Miriam – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The promise of educational neuroscience lies in its potential to uncover mechanistic insights into the science of learning. However, to realize that promise, the field must overcome a fundamental difference between the constituent disciplines: neuroscience is primarily concerned with understanding how the brain works; whereas education attempts to…
Descriptors: Neurosciences, Education, Brain, Training
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Horowitz-Kraus, Tzipi; DiCesare, Christopher; Kiefer, Adam W. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
Dyslexia, or reading difficulty (RD), is characterized by slow, inaccurate reading and accompanied by deficit in executive functions (EF) and altered functional connectivity (FC) in the related networks (i.e., cingulo-opercular). Individuals with RD also present with altered oculomotor gaze patterns that include longer fixation times. The…
Descriptors: Correlation, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Cognitive Ability, Reading Difficulties
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Margolin, Sara J.; Snyder, Natasha; Thamboo, Pradeep – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The present research aimed to determine the circumstances under which comprehension between paper and e-readers is comparable and what role working memory plays in successful comprehension of text presented in these formats. Narrative and expository texts were presented in electronic and paper formats to determine whether readers glean different…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Reading Comprehension, Comparative Analysis, Text Structure
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Scrimin, Sara; Osler, Gabriele; Moscardino, Ughetta; Mason, Lucia – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The present study aimed to investigate the role of classroom climate and self-regulation in terms of cardiac vagal tone and inhibitory control in primary school students' focused attention. A combination of direct and indirect measures was used to assess classroom climate, sustained and selective attention, and inattention behaviors among 62 first…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Elementary School Students, Class Activities, Classroom Environment
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Sella, Francesco; Cohen Kadosh, Roi – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The investigation of mathematical expertise can shape numerical and mathematical cognition theories by providing insights about the modifications that the neurocognitive system undergoes when mastering mathematical knowledge. In particular, both qualitative and quantitative methods should be combined within a developmental perspective to identify…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Schemata (Cognition), Numeracy, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Choi, Dawoon; Black, Alexis K.; Werker, Janet F. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
Over the first weeks and months following birth, infants' initial, broad-based perceptual sensitivities become honed to the characteristics of their native language. In this article, we review this process of emerging specialization within the context of a cascading "critical period" (CP) framework, in which periods of maximal openness…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Infants, Native Language, Language Acquisition
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Burgess, Laura G.; Riddell, Patricia M.; Fancourt, Amy; Murayama, Kou – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
This article provides an overview of research on social contagion in the context of education. We highlight the importance of students' social interactions in school, considering contagion between peers and contagion from teachers to students, using a motivation perspective. The framework of contagion is introduced broadly, followed by a focused…
Descriptors: Socialization, Interaction, Teacher Student Relationship, Behavior Change
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Ribner, Andrew; Moeller, Korbinian; Willoughby, Michael; Blair, Clancy – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The aim of this study was to identify mathematical competencies in early childhood and cognitive correlates of those competencies in a prospective longitudinal sample of children (N = 1,292) in predominantly low-income and nonurban communities in the United States. General mental ability, processing speed, vocabulary, and the working memory (WM),…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Cognitive Ability, Longitudinal Studies, Cognitive Processes
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Kelleher, Ian; Whitman, Glenn – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
Mind, brain, and education (MBE) science research continues to produce valuable results about brain development and the learning process--research that can and should inform education reform. Given the link between teacher efficacy and student learning outcomes, MBE is a discipline with considerable promise to help close gaps in school and teacher…
Descriptors: Brain, Cognitive Science, Teacher Effectiveness, Correlation
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Anreiter, Ina; Sokolowski, H. Moriah; Sokolowski, Marla B. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
Individuals of the same species display remarkable variation in behavior, even in identical contexts. Increasing complexity in behavioral phenotypes brings with it an increase in individual variation in the manifestation of those phenotypes, and human behavior undoubtedly stands at the pinnacle of complexity. In this article, we discuss current…
Descriptors: Genetics, Behavior Patterns, Individual Differences, Environmental Influences
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Commissar, Lia; Brookman-Byrne, Annie – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
In September 2016, the International Mind, Brain, and Education Society (IMBES) biennial conference took place in Toronto, Canada. The pre-conference (organized by the Wellcome Trust) was designed to share new findings, lessons learned, and inspirational innovation within the field, and to encourage the community to not only identify current…
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, Conferences (Gatherings), Educational Innovation, Neurosciences
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Staus, Nancy L.; Falk, John H. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
Although there is substantial research on the effect of emotions on educational outcomes in the classroom, relatively little is known about how emotion affects learning in informal science contexts. We examined the role of emotion in the context of an informal science learning experience by utilizing a path model to investigate the relationships…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Science Instruction, Informal Education, Path Analysis
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Schnaider-Levi, Lia; Mitnik, Inbal; Zafrani, Keren; Goldman, Zehavit; Lev-Ari, Shahar – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
An inquiry-based intervention has been found to have a positive effect on burnout and mental well-being parameters among teachers. The aim of the current study was to qualitatively evaluate the effect of the inquiry-based stress reduction (IBSR) meditation technique on the participants. Semi-structured interviews were conducted before and after…
Descriptors: Intervention, Teacher Burnout, Well Being, Mental Health
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