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Showing 1 to 15 of 24 results Save | Export
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Cartwright, Kelly B.; Marshall, Timothy R.; Hatfield, Nathan A. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Executive function (EF) contributes significantly to reading comprehension across the lifespan. Emerging research indicates domain-specific assessments of EF are better suited for assessment and intervention in academic contexts. For example, "graphophonological-semantic cognitive flexibility" (GSF), the ability to flexibly switch…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Reading Comprehension, Intervention
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Denervaud, Solange; Knebel, Jean-François; Immordino-Yang, Mary Helen; Hagmann, Patric – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Through performance monitoring individuals detect and learn from unexpected outcomes, indexed by post-error slowing and post-error improvement in accuracy. Although performance monitoring is essential for academic learning and improves across childhood, its susceptibility to educational influences has not been studied. Here we compared performance…
Descriptors: Traditional Schools, Montessori Schools, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students
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Dündar-Coecke, Selma; Tolmie, Andrew – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Verbal and nonverbal forms of thinking exhibit widespread dissociation at neural and behavioral level. The importance of this for children's causal thinking and its implications for school science are largely unknown. Assessing 5- to 10-year-olds' responses (N = 231), verbal ability predicted causal reasoning, but only at lower levels, while…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Ability, Science Process Skills, Vocabulary, Predictor Variables
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Morris, Su; Farran, Emily K.; Dumontheil, Iroise – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Field independence describes the extent to which individuals are influenced by context when trying to identify embedded targets. It associates with cognitive functioning and is a predictor of academic achievement. However, little is known about the neural and cognitive underpinnings of field independence that lead to these associations. Here, we…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Age Differences, Cognitive Processes, Mathematics Tests
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Soltanlou, Mojtaba; Coldea, Andra; Artemenko, Christina; Ehlis, Ann-Christine; Fallgatter, Andreas J.; Nuerk, Hans-Christoph; Dresler, Thomas – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
It is under debate whether the neural representation of numbers and letters might rely on distinct neural correlates, or on a mostly shared neural network. In the present study, a total of 47 children in fifth grade (Experiment 1) and sixth grade (Experiment 2) simply copied numbers and letters on a touch screen while brain activation changes were…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Spectroscopy, Numbers, Alphabets
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Uncapher, Melina R. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Since the advent of computers, scientists who study how people learn have been utilizing technology to uncover the cognitive and neural mechanisms of learning. Recent technological advances have allowed learning scientists to move their research out of the lab and into the wild, to investigate how students learn in real-world environments.…
Descriptors: Learning, Evaluation Methods, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students
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Martín-Lobo, Pilar; Santiago-Ramajo, Sandra; Vergara-Moragues, Esperanza – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
Progress in applied neuroscience and neuropsychology in the educational context has revealed efficient methodologies for preventing academic failure and developing the potential of students. The aim of this work is to adopt a neuropsychological perspective to study learning-related differences between students with learning difficulties (LD),…
Descriptors: Neurosciences, Neuropsychology, Academic Failure, Learning Problems
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Brock, Laura L.; Kim, Helyn; Grissmer, David W. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The present study examines cross-lagged associations among executive function, visuomotor skills, and math and reading achievement from kindergarten to second grade. Both executive function and visuomotor integration tend to be delayed in socioeconomically disadvantaged children and can explain nearly half the achievement gap at kindergarten…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Executive Function, Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement
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Scrimin, Sara; Osler, Gabriele; Moscardino, Ughetta; Mason, Lucia – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The present study aimed to investigate the role of classroom climate and self-regulation in terms of cardiac vagal tone and inhibitory control in primary school students' focused attention. A combination of direct and indirect measures was used to assess classroom climate, sustained and selective attention, and inattention behaviors among 62 first…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Elementary School Students, Class Activities, Classroom Environment
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Campeño-Martínez, Yoana; Santiago-Ramajo, Sandra; Navarro-Asencio, Enrique; Vergara-Moragues, Esperanza; Santiuste Bermejo, Victor – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
There has been increasing evidence in recent years of the need to adapt intervention programs to the specific needs of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The main goal of this research work was to study the efficacy of an educational intervention program to improve attention and reflexivity in school children with ADHD…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Intervention, Elementary School Students, Children
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Kuppen, Sarah E. A.; Bourke, Emilie – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
This study evaluated the ability for two rhythmic rhyming programs to raise phonological awareness in the early literacy classroom. Year 1 (5-6-year-olds) from low socioeconomic status schools in Bedfordshire, learned a program of sung or spoken rhythmic rhymes, or acted as controls. The project ran with two independent cohorts (Cohort 1 N = 98,…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Emergent Literacy, Literacy Education, Grade 1
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Pietsch, Stefanie; Böttcher, Caroline; Jansen, Petra – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
The long-term physical activity in specific sport activities can change the quality of mental rotation performance. This study investigates the influence of "Life Kinetik"--a motion program with tasks of cognition and motor coordination--on mental rotation performance of 44 primary school-aged children. While the experimental group…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Elementary School Students, Motion, Cognitive Processes
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Gnaedinger, Emily K.; Hund, Alycia M.; Hesson-McInnis, Matthew S. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2016
The goal was to test whether cognitive flexibility moderates the relation between reading strategy use and reading comprehension during the elementary years. Seventy-five second- through fifth-grade students completed a think aloud task and a metacognitive questionnaire to measure reading strategies, two card-sorting tasks to measure general and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Reading Strategies, Reading Comprehension, Cognitive Processes
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Lyons, Ian M.; Ansari, Daniel – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2015
Recent work has demonstrated that how we process the relative order--ordinality--of numbers may be key to understanding how we represent numbers symbolically, and has proven to be a robust predictor of more sophisticated math skills in both children and adults. However, it remains unclear whether numerical ordinality is primarily a by-product of…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Mathematics Skills, Mathematical Logic, Arithmetic
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Coch, Donna; Benoit, Clarisse – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2015
We investigated whether and how standardized behavioral measures of reading and electrophysiological measures of reading were related in 72 typically developing, late elementary school children. Behavioral measures included standardized tests of spelling, phonological processing, vocabulary, comprehension, naming speed, and memory.…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Standardized Tests, Reading Tests, Brain
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