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Tabullo, Ángel Javier; Shalom, Diego; Sevilla, Yamila; Gattei, Carolina Andrea; París, Luis; Wainselboim, Alejandro – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Electrophysiology studies have identified two event-related potentials that are modulated by predictive processes during language comprehension: the N400 and a frontal positivity. The N400 is smaller when words are presented within highly restrictive sentences, indicating reduced lexical retrieval costs. Violations of strong predictions generate…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Prediction, Sentences, Language Processing
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Wimmer, Sigrid; Paechter, Manuela; Lackner, Helmut K.; Papousek, Ilona – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Exams often trigger avoidance motivation and a tendency to withdraw; instead, an approach-oriented motivational state would be more desirable, since this encourages an invigorated and persistent approach to tasks. This study investigated the role of academic self-concept on the activation of relative approach versus avoidance motivation during the…
Descriptors: College Students, Self Concept, Student Motivation, Tests
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Wang, Jiahui; Antonenko, Pavlo; Keil, Andreas; Dawson, Kara – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Many online videos feature an instructor on the screen to improve learners' engagement; however, the influence of this design on learners' cognitive load is underexplored. This study investigates the effects of instructor presence on learners' processing of information using both subjective and psychophysiological measures of cognitive load. Sixty…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, College Students, Video Technology
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McMahon, Kendra; Yeh, Chloe Shu-Hua; Etchells, Peter J. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Initial teacher education (ITE) offers an underutilized opportunity for bridging the gap between neuroscience research and educational practice. This article reports on innovations embedded within an ITE program to support trainee teachers to recognize and challenge the persistence of neuromyths. Education researchers, neuroscientists, and…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Neurosciences, Educational Practices, Misconceptions
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Antonenko, Pavlo D.; Davis, Robert; Wang, Jiahui; Celepkolu, Mehmet – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
As teammates adjust their cognition and behavior, synchronizations of information can be observed across verbal, postural, and neurophysiological systems. This study explored the synchrony of mutually interacting brains, or team neurosynchrony, during cyber-enabled collaborative problem solving. Mixed-sex dyads defined and solved an authentic…
Descriptors: Brain, Teamwork, Cooperative Learning, Problem Solving
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Schneps, Matthew H.; Chen, Chen; Pomplun, Marc; Wang, Jiahui; Crosby, Anne D.; Kent, Kevin – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
People who are practiced in using text-to-speech can drive listening speeds to surprisingly high limits. Here, we investigate the extent to which people who are otherwise untrained, with and without dyslexia, can increase their reading speed when forcibly accelerated visual or auditory presentations are used in isolation or in tandem. The…
Descriptors: Assistive Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Dyslexia, Reading Rate
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Brookman-Byrne, Annie; Commissar, Lia – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
The 2018 EARLI SIG 22 Neuroscience and Education conference aimed to facilitate the discussion and sharing of research and translation in educational neuroscience. In this article, we first describe and evaluate the approach taken in organizing the conference, which followed recommendations from the educational neuroscience community. We then…
Descriptors: Neurosciences, Conferences (Gatherings), Ethics, Intention
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Ruhaak, Amy E.; Cook, Bryan G. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
Educational neuromyths are commonly accepted, erroneous beliefs based on misunderstandings of neuroscience that contribute to pseudoscientific practice within education. We examined the beliefs and perspectives of special education pre-service teachers related to educational neuromyths and corresponding instructional practices using a…
Descriptors: Incidence, Misconceptions, Preservice Teachers, Teaching Methods
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Staus, Nancy L.; Falk, John H. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
Although there is substantial research on the effect of emotions on educational outcomes in the classroom, relatively little is known about how emotion affects learning in informal science contexts. We examined the role of emotion in the context of an informal science learning experience by utilizing a path model to investigate the relationships…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Science Instruction, Informal Education, Path Analysis
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Rominger, Christian; Reitinger, Johannes; Seyfried, Clemens; Schneckenleitner, Eva; Fink, Andreas – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
Teachers' ability to critically reflect classroom situations in relation to their own actions constitutes an important prerequisite to improve teaching performance and professional behavior. This study investigated electroencephalogram activity in the alpha band during a reflection task before and after training in a sample of preservice teachers.…
Descriptors: Brain, Reflection, Medicine, Preservice Teachers
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Scrimin, Sara; Altoè, Gianmarco; Moscardino, Ughetta; Pastore, Massimiliano; Mason, Lucia – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2016
Factors related to grade point average (GPA) are of great importance for students' success. Yet, little is known about the impact of individual differences in emotional reactivity on students' academic performance. We aimed to examine the emotional reactivity-GPA link and to assess whether self-esteem and psychological distress moderate this…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Emotional Response, Academic Achievement, Psychophysiology
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Aung, Myo Nyein; Somboonwong, Juraiporn; Jaroonvanichkul, Vorapol; Wannakrairot, Pongsak – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2016
Physical exercise results in an active well-being. It is likely that students' engagement in physical exercise keeps them motivated to perform academic endeavors. This study aimed to assess the relation of time engaged in physical exercise with medical students' motivation for academic work. Prospectively, 296 second-year medical students…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Student Motivation, Exercise, Time
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Dündar, Sefa; Gündüz, Nazan – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2016
Understanding preservice teachers' misconceptions regarding the brain and neuroscience (neuromyths) can provide information that helps teachers to apply neuroscience knowledge in an educational context. The objective of this study was to investigate these misconceptions. Following preliminary research, a questionnaire comprising 59 challenging…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Misconceptions, Brain, Neurosciences
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Stewart, Cherry; Wolodko, Brenda – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2016
This article explores Robert Kegan's adult constructive-developmental (ACD) theory. We compare these ideas to the way educators at each of Kegan's meaning-making levels might plan, implement, and assess digitally enhanced teaching activities. Using Drago-Severson's interpretation of Kegan's concepts, the authors propose that behaviors of…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Adult Development, Theories, Comparative Analysis
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Gleichgerrcht, Ezequiel; Lira Luttges, Benjamin; Salvarezza, Florencia; Campos, Anna Lucia – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2015
Neuroscientific knowledge has undeniably gained interest among educators worldwide. However, not all "brain facts" believed by teachers are supported by science. This study sought to evaluate the belief in these so-called "neuromyths" among 3,451 Latin American teachers. We found that, consistent with prior research among…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Misconceptions, Brain, Teacher Attitudes
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