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Donolato, Enrica; Toffalini, Enrico; Giofrè, David; Caviola, Sara; Mammarella, Irene C. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Previous research examined the influence of math anxiety (MA) on performance in mathematics, but few studies compared the contribution of MA to other forms of anxiety, such as test and general anxiety (GA). Unlike MA, ego-resiliency promotes the management of challenges, and has been positively associated with mathematics performance. In this…
Descriptors: Mathematics Anxiety, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, Resilience (Psychology)
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Cartwright, Kelly B.; Marshall, Timothy R.; Hatfield, Nathan A. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Executive function (EF) contributes significantly to reading comprehension across the lifespan. Emerging research indicates domain-specific assessments of EF are better suited for assessment and intervention in academic contexts. For example, "graphophonological-semantic cognitive flexibility" (GSF), the ability to flexibly switch…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Reading Comprehension, Intervention
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Soltanlou, Mojtaba; Coldea, Andra; Artemenko, Christina; Ehlis, Ann-Christine; Fallgatter, Andreas J.; Nuerk, Hans-Christoph; Dresler, Thomas – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
It is under debate whether the neural representation of numbers and letters might rely on distinct neural correlates, or on a mostly shared neural network. In the present study, a total of 47 children in fifth grade (Experiment 1) and sixth grade (Experiment 2) simply copied numbers and letters on a touch screen while brain activation changes were…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Spectroscopy, Numbers, Alphabets
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Caballero, Camila; Scherer, Ethan; West, Martin R.; Mrazek, Michael D.; Gabrieli, Christopher F. O.; Gabrieli, John D. E. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Despite increasing interest in improving academic outcomes for students by enhancing mindfulness, there is a paucity of evidence that greater mindfulness is associated with success in school. We measured mindfulness with the short-form Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) in over 2,000 urban students in Grades 5-8. The MAAS had good internal…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Academic Achievement, Middle School Students, Measures (Individuals)
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Mackey, Allyson P.; Park, Anne T.; Robinson, Sydney T.; Gabrieli, John D. E. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
Cognitive skills are associated with academic performance, but little is known about how to improve these skills in the classroom. Here, we present the results of a pilot study in which teachers were trained to engage students in cognitive skill practice through playing games. Fifth-grade students at an experimental charter school were randomly…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Development, Grade 5, Charter Schools
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Gnaedinger, Emily K.; Hund, Alycia M.; Hesson-McInnis, Matthew S. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2016
The goal was to test whether cognitive flexibility moderates the relation between reading strategy use and reading comprehension during the elementary years. Seventy-five second- through fifth-grade students completed a think aloud task and a metacognitive questionnaire to measure reading strategies, two card-sorting tasks to measure general and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Reading Strategies, Reading Comprehension, Cognitive Processes
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Nevo, Einat; Bar-Kochva, Irit – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2015
This study investigated the relations of early working-memory abilities (phonological and visual-spatial short-term memory [STM] and complex memory and episodic buffer memory) and later developing reading skills. Sixty Hebrew-speaking children were followed from kindergarten through Grade 5. Working memory was tested in kindergarten and reading in…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Reading Skills, Longitudinal Studies, Kindergarten