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Donolato, Enrica; Toffalini, Enrico; Giofrè, David; Caviola, Sara; Mammarella, Irene C. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Previous research examined the influence of math anxiety (MA) on performance in mathematics, but few studies compared the contribution of MA to other forms of anxiety, such as test and general anxiety (GA). Unlike MA, ego-resiliency promotes the management of challenges, and has been positively associated with mathematics performance. In this…
Descriptors: Mathematics Anxiety, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, Resilience (Psychology)
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Butera, Christiana; Ring, Priscilla; Sideris, John; Jayashankar, Aditya; Kilroy, Emily; Harrison, Laura; Cermak, Sharon; Aziz-Zadeh, Lisa – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Difficulty processing sensory information may impede progress in school for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We explore the relationship between sensory processing and school performance in 26 high-functioning youths with ASD and 26 controls (age 8-14) using measures of sensory, social, cognitive, and academic functioning. In the ASD…
Descriptors: Sensory Experience, Perceptual Impairments, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Massonnié, Jessica; Frasseto, Philippe; Mareschal, Denis; Kirkham, Natasha Z. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Moving the field of Mind, Brain, and Education forward requires researchers and educators to reframe the boundaries of their own discipline in order to create knowledge that is both scientifically based, and of practical relevance for education. We believe that this could be done by co-constructing research projects "from the start." We…
Descriptors: Intervention, Acoustics, Classroom Environment, Elementary School Teachers
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Cartwright, Kelly B.; Marshall, Timothy R.; Hatfield, Nathan A. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Executive function (EF) contributes significantly to reading comprehension across the lifespan. Emerging research indicates domain-specific assessments of EF are better suited for assessment and intervention in academic contexts. For example, "graphophonological-semantic cognitive flexibility" (GSF), the ability to flexibly switch…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Reading Comprehension, Intervention
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Denervaud, Solange; Knebel, Jean-François; Immordino-Yang, Mary Helen; Hagmann, Patric – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Through performance monitoring individuals detect and learn from unexpected outcomes, indexed by post-error slowing and post-error improvement in accuracy. Although performance monitoring is essential for academic learning and improves across childhood, its susceptibility to educational influences has not been studied. Here we compared performance…
Descriptors: Traditional Schools, Montessori Schools, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students
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Earle, F. Sayako; Del Tufo, Stephanie N.; Evans, Tanya M.; Lum, Jarrad A. G.; Cutting, Laurie E.; Ullman, Michael T. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Prior research has demonstrated that linguistic skills and knowledge contribute to successful reading acquisition. In contrast, little is known about the influence of domain-general learning abilities on reading. To investigate associations between general memory functions and reading during the early stages of learning to read, performance…
Descriptors: Memory, Reading Skills, Emergent Literacy, Young Children
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Dündar-Coecke, Selma; Tolmie, Andrew – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Verbal and nonverbal forms of thinking exhibit widespread dissociation at neural and behavioral level. The importance of this for children's causal thinking and its implications for school science are largely unknown. Assessing 5- to 10-year-olds' responses (N = 231), verbal ability predicted causal reasoning, but only at lower levels, while…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Ability, Science Process Skills, Vocabulary, Predictor Variables
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Morris, Su; Farran, Emily K.; Dumontheil, Iroise – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Field independence describes the extent to which individuals are influenced by context when trying to identify embedded targets. It associates with cognitive functioning and is a predictor of academic achievement. However, little is known about the neural and cognitive underpinnings of field independence that lead to these associations. Here, we…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Age Differences, Cognitive Processes, Mathematics Tests
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McMahon, Kendra; Yeh, Chloe Shu-Hua; Etchells, Peter J. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Initial teacher education (ITE) offers an underutilized opportunity for bridging the gap between neuroscience research and educational practice. This article reports on innovations embedded within an ITE program to support trainee teachers to recognize and challenge the persistence of neuromyths. Education researchers, neuroscientists, and…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Neurosciences, Educational Practices, Misconceptions
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Soltanlou, Mojtaba; Coldea, Andra; Artemenko, Christina; Ehlis, Ann-Christine; Fallgatter, Andreas J.; Nuerk, Hans-Christoph; Dresler, Thomas – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
It is under debate whether the neural representation of numbers and letters might rely on distinct neural correlates, or on a mostly shared neural network. In the present study, a total of 47 children in fifth grade (Experiment 1) and sixth grade (Experiment 2) simply copied numbers and letters on a touch screen while brain activation changes were…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Spectroscopy, Numbers, Alphabets
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Uncapher, Melina R. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Since the advent of computers, scientists who study how people learn have been utilizing technology to uncover the cognitive and neural mechanisms of learning. Recent technological advances have allowed learning scientists to move their research out of the lab and into the wild, to investigate how students learn in real-world environments.…
Descriptors: Learning, Evaluation Methods, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students
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Caballero, Camila; Scherer, Ethan; West, Martin R.; Mrazek, Michael D.; Gabrieli, Christopher F. O.; Gabrieli, John D. E. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Despite increasing interest in improving academic outcomes for students by enhancing mindfulness, there is a paucity of evidence that greater mindfulness is associated with success in school. We measured mindfulness with the short-form Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) in over 2,000 urban students in Grades 5-8. The MAAS had good internal…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Academic Achievement, Middle School Students, Measures (Individuals)
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Martín-Lobo, Pilar; Santiago-Ramajo, Sandra; Vergara-Moragues, Esperanza – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
Progress in applied neuroscience and neuropsychology in the educational context has revealed efficient methodologies for preventing academic failure and developing the potential of students. The aim of this work is to adopt a neuropsychological perspective to study learning-related differences between students with learning difficulties (LD),…
Descriptors: Neurosciences, Neuropsychology, Academic Failure, Learning Problems
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Scrimin, Sara; Osler, Gabriele; Moscardino, Ughetta; Mason, Lucia – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The present study aimed to investigate the role of classroom climate and self-regulation in terms of cardiac vagal tone and inhibitory control in primary school students' focused attention. A combination of direct and indirect measures was used to assess classroom climate, sustained and selective attention, and inattention behaviors among 62 first…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Elementary School Students, Class Activities, Classroom Environment
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Campeño-Martínez, Yoana; Santiago-Ramajo, Sandra; Navarro-Asencio, Enrique; Vergara-Moragues, Esperanza; Santiuste Bermejo, Victor – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
There has been increasing evidence in recent years of the need to adapt intervention programs to the specific needs of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The main goal of this research work was to study the efficacy of an educational intervention program to improve attention and reflexivity in school children with ADHD…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Intervention, Elementary School Students, Children
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