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Gardner, Howard – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
The term "neuromyth" is becoming part of discourse in the field of mind, brain, and education. In this article, I review some problematic aspects of the practice, critique specific examples, and propose an alternative way of communicating with the public about findings in psychology and neuroscience.
Descriptors: Neurosciences, Misconceptions, Brain, Psychology
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Tilp, Markus; Scharf, Carina; Payer, Gerald; Presker, Maximilian; Fink, Andreas – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Physical activity has not only been associated with increased physical and mental health, but also with beneficial effects on various cognitive and brain functions. This study investigated the effects of a motor and coordination oriented exercise intervention on academic achievements, attention/concentration ability, and on different facets of…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Intervention, Exercise, Academic Achievement
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Tabullo, Ángel Javier; Shalom, Diego; Sevilla, Yamila; Gattei, Carolina Andrea; París, Luis; Wainselboim, Alejandro – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Electrophysiology studies have identified two event-related potentials that are modulated by predictive processes during language comprehension: the N400 and a frontal positivity. The N400 is smaller when words are presented within highly restrictive sentences, indicating reduced lexical retrieval costs. Violations of strong predictions generate…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Prediction, Sentences, Language Processing
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Mota, Natália B.; Callipo, Renata; Leite, Lígia; Torres, Ana R.; Weissheimer, Janaína; Bunge, Silvia A.; Copelli, Mauro; Ribeiro, Sidarta – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Formal thought organization obtained from free speech, a key feature for psychiatric evaluations, has been poorly investigated during typical development. Computational tools such as speech graph connectedness (LSC) currently allow for an accurate quantification in naturalistic settings. LSC's typical development is better predicted by years of…
Descriptors: Verbal Ability, Short Term Memory, Connected Discourse, Predictor Variables
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Eisen, Sierra; Lillard, Angeline S. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
In three studies, we examined children's geography learning from a physical puzzle and an app designed to mimic the puzzle. In Study 1, 5- and 6-year-olds were taught Australia's states by an experimenter using a puzzle or were taught by an app. Children learned significantly more states from instruction with the puzzle than when they used the app…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Young Children, Geography, Geography Instruction
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Hermida, Maria Julia; Segretin, Maria Soledad; Shalom, Diego Edgar; Lopez-Rosenfeld, Matías; Abril, Marcelo Claudio; Lipina, Sebastián Javier; Sigman, Mariano – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Extreme poverty all over the world is concentrated in rural settings. However, studies about cognition in low socioeconomic status (SES) children are for the most part conducted in urban populations. This paper investigates, in a poor rural sample, what are the individual and socioenvironmental variables that make the difference in performance in…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Rural Areas
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Hawes, Zachary; Cain, Michelle; Jones, Shelly; Thomson, Nicole; Bailey, Cristol; Seo, Jisoo; Caswell, Beverly; Moss, Joan – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
The purpose of the current pilot study was to examine the effects of a teacher-designed and teacher-led numerical board game intervention. Fifty-four 4- to 6-year-olds were randomly assigned to either the number board game intervention or an active control group. Relative to the control group, children who received the number game intervention…
Descriptors: Educational Games, Teacher Developed Materials, Numbers, Instructional Effectiveness
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Wimmer, Sigrid; Paechter, Manuela; Lackner, Helmut K.; Papousek, Ilona – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Exams often trigger avoidance motivation and a tendency to withdraw; instead, an approach-oriented motivational state would be more desirable, since this encourages an invigorated and persistent approach to tasks. This study investigated the role of academic self-concept on the activation of relative approach versus avoidance motivation during the…
Descriptors: College Students, Self Concept, Student Motivation, Tests
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Atteveldt, Nienke; Tijsma, Geertje; Janssen, Tieme; Kupper, Frank – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
We propose a Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) framework to improve the alignment between mind, brain, and education (MBE) research, the educational practice, and other societal stakeholders. RRI is an approach that has successfully been used in different research fields, but not yet in MBE research. After substantiating the need for, and…
Descriptors: Brain, Educational Research, Cognitive Processes, Neurosciences
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Morris, Su; Farran, Emily K.; Dumontheil, Iroise – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Field independence describes the extent to which individuals are influenced by context when trying to identify embedded targets. It associates with cognitive functioning and is a predictor of academic achievement. However, little is known about the neural and cognitive underpinnings of field independence that lead to these associations. Here, we…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Age Differences, Cognitive Processes, Mathematics Tests
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Wu, Ling; Kim, Minkang – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Ongoing research is providing new insights into the biological rudiments of empathy and its neurobiological underpinnings. There is also growing awareness that tablet technology, when used educationally and ethically, can aid adolescents and young-adults' empathic learning. However, there has been little attempt globally to translate this new…
Descriptors: Empathy, Handheld Devices, Learning Processes, Preschool Children
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McMahon, Kendra; Yeh, Chloe Shu-Hua; Etchells, Peter J. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Initial teacher education (ITE) offers an underutilized opportunity for bridging the gap between neuroscience research and educational practice. This article reports on innovations embedded within an ITE program to support trainee teachers to recognize and challenge the persistence of neuromyths. Education researchers, neuroscientists, and…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Neurosciences, Educational Practices, Misconceptions
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Krell, Jason; Todd, Anderson; Dolecki, Patrick K. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Modernizing classroom pedagogical practice requires openness to revisiting previously held assumptions and theories about what constitutes authentic teaching/learning cycles. The ever-growing gap between the number of stimuli that students are exposed to and their available attentional resources indicates that sustained attention may have…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Brain Hemisphere Functions, Decision Making, Teaching Methods
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Spreckelsen, Megan; Dove, Emma; Coolen, Ilse; Mills, Annelot; Dowker, Ann; Sylva, Kathy; Ansari, Daniel; Merkley, Rebecca; Murphy, Victoria; Scerif, Gaia – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Developmental cognitive neuroscience highlights the importance of interactions between children and their environment. As young children spend increasing time in childcare, it is key to investigate the impact of "maths-talk" and maths provisions in preschools. Qualitative insights from early educators indicate a greater bias toward…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Numeracy, Neurosciences, Child Care
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Hobbiss, Michael H.; Massonnié, Jessica; Tokuhama-Espinosa, Tracey; Gittner, Alastair; De Sousa Lemos, Mónica Arson; Tovazzi, Alice; Hindley, Charlotte; Baker, Sharon; Sumeracki, Megan A.; Wassenaar, Thomas; Gous, Ignatius – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Mind, Brain, and Education (MBE) science is by definition transdisciplinary. However, the communication and collaboration between constituent disciplines needed for true transdisciplinarity remains relatively rare. Consequently, many of the potential benefits of MBE science remain unrealized for parties on all sides of the discipline. The present…
Descriptors: Neurosciences, Interdisciplinary Approach, Researchers, Teachers
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