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Gardner, Howard – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
The term "neuromyth" is becoming part of discourse in the field of mind, brain, and education. In this article, I review some problematic aspects of the practice, critique specific examples, and propose an alternative way of communicating with the public about findings in psychology and neuroscience.
Descriptors: Neurosciences, Misconceptions, Brain, Psychology
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Tilp, Markus; Scharf, Carina; Payer, Gerald; Presker, Maximilian; Fink, Andreas – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Physical activity has not only been associated with increased physical and mental health, but also with beneficial effects on various cognitive and brain functions. This study investigated the effects of a motor and coordination oriented exercise intervention on academic achievements, attention/concentration ability, and on different facets of…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Intervention, Exercise, Academic Achievement
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Tabullo, Ángel Javier; Shalom, Diego; Sevilla, Yamila; Gattei, Carolina Andrea; París, Luis; Wainselboim, Alejandro – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Electrophysiology studies have identified two event-related potentials that are modulated by predictive processes during language comprehension: the N400 and a frontal positivity. The N400 is smaller when words are presented within highly restrictive sentences, indicating reduced lexical retrieval costs. Violations of strong predictions generate…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Prediction, Sentences, Language Processing
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Mota, Natália B.; Callipo, Renata; Leite, Lígia; Torres, Ana R.; Weissheimer, Janaína; Bunge, Silvia A.; Copelli, Mauro; Ribeiro, Sidarta – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Formal thought organization obtained from free speech, a key feature for psychiatric evaluations, has been poorly investigated during typical development. Computational tools such as speech graph connectedness (LSC) currently allow for an accurate quantification in naturalistic settings. LSC's typical development is better predicted by years of…
Descriptors: Verbal Ability, Short Term Memory, Connected Discourse, Predictor Variables
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Eisen, Sierra; Lillard, Angeline S. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
In three studies, we examined children's geography learning from a physical puzzle and an app designed to mimic the puzzle. In Study 1, 5- and 6-year-olds were taught Australia's states by an experimenter using a puzzle or were taught by an app. Children learned significantly more states from instruction with the puzzle than when they used the app…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Young Children, Geography, Geography Instruction
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Hermida, Maria Julia; Segretin, Maria Soledad; Shalom, Diego Edgar; Lopez-Rosenfeld, Matías; Abril, Marcelo Claudio; Lipina, Sebastián Javier; Sigman, Mariano – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Extreme poverty all over the world is concentrated in rural settings. However, studies about cognition in low socioeconomic status (SES) children are for the most part conducted in urban populations. This paper investigates, in a poor rural sample, what are the individual and socioenvironmental variables that make the difference in performance in…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Rural Areas
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Hawes, Zachary; Cain, Michelle; Jones, Shelly; Thomson, Nicole; Bailey, Cristol; Seo, Jisoo; Caswell, Beverly; Moss, Joan – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
The purpose of the current pilot study was to examine the effects of a teacher-designed and teacher-led numerical board game intervention. Fifty-four 4- to 6-year-olds were randomly assigned to either the number board game intervention or an active control group. Relative to the control group, children who received the number game intervention…
Descriptors: Educational Games, Teacher Developed Materials, Numbers, Instructional Effectiveness
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Wimmer, Sigrid; Paechter, Manuela; Lackner, Helmut K.; Papousek, Ilona – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Exams often trigger avoidance motivation and a tendency to withdraw; instead, an approach-oriented motivational state would be more desirable, since this encourages an invigorated and persistent approach to tasks. This study investigated the role of academic self-concept on the activation of relative approach versus avoidance motivation during the…
Descriptors: College Students, Self Concept, Student Motivation, Tests
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Vaughn, Ashley R.; Brown, Rhonda D.; Johnson, Marcus L. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Although the field of educational neuroscience has grown in recent years, little research has been conducted on conceptual change and science learning through an educational neuroscience framework. Educational neuroscience is frequently used to study processes of language and mathematics cognition, but is not extensively applied to conceptual…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Neurosciences, Scientific Concepts, Educational Psychology
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Cartwright, Kelly B.; Marshall, Timothy R.; Hatfield, Nathan A. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Executive function (EF) contributes significantly to reading comprehension across the lifespan. Emerging research indicates domain-specific assessments of EF are better suited for assessment and intervention in academic contexts. For example, "graphophonological-semantic cognitive flexibility" (GSF), the ability to flexibly switch…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Reading Comprehension, Intervention
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Tovazzi, Alice; Giovannini, Serena; Basso, Demis – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Teachers often face situations that require them to apply knowledge about the mind and brain to education. Past studies have indicated that even if teachers show interest in cognitive neuroscience, they show high rates of adhesion to neuromyths. In the most commonly used questionnaire, however, respondents do not compare neuromyths and correct…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Misconceptions, Neurosciences, Foreign Countries
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Atteveldt, Nienke; Peters, Sabine; De Smedt, Bert; Dumontheil, Iroise – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
The special issue resulting from the 2018 Earli-SIG22 conference reflects the current state of the field, the diversity of methods, the persevering limitations and promising directions towards solutions. About half of the empirical papers in this special issue that consist of three parts, uses behavioral, self-report or qualitative measures to…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Brain, Neurosciences, Educational Research
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Chatthong, Winai; Khemthong, Supalak; Wongsawat, Yodchanan – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
To design a social and emotional learning (SEL) skills training program for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Quantitative electroencephalography was analyzed, focusing on the strengths and weaknesses in the brain mapping performance (BMP) of children. A total of 305 participants with and without ADHD were recruited.…
Descriptors: Design, Social Development, Emotional Development, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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Ramírez, Naja Ferjan; Kuhl, Patricia K. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Infancy (0-3 years) represents a unique time for language learning. Previous research shows that infants' second language (L2) learning advances rapidly in early education centers, through a research-based method and curriculum delivered by native-speaking language tutors. Here we test the potential of this method for broad application, through an…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Infants, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language)
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Denervaud, Solange; Knebel, Jean-François; Immordino-Yang, Mary Helen; Hagmann, Patric – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2020
Through performance monitoring individuals detect and learn from unexpected outcomes, indexed by post-error slowing and post-error improvement in accuracy. Although performance monitoring is essential for academic learning and improves across childhood, its susceptibility to educational influences has not been studied. Here we compared performance…
Descriptors: Traditional Schools, Montessori Schools, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students
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