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Showing 1 to 15 of 407 results Save | Export
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Lyons, Emily; Mesghina, Almaz; Richland, Lindsey E. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2022
Gender gaps in mathematics achievement persist in many contexts and when visible, these gaps are paradoxical. Low-stakes measures of mathematics achievement such as grades and study behaviors favor girls, while gaps tend to reverse on assessments/competitions. We explore whether different impacts of raising performance stakes could be one…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Achievement Gap, Mathematics Achievement, Grades (Scholastic)
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Haber, Amanda S.; Kumar, Sona C.; Puttre, Hannah; Dashoush, Nermeen; Corriveau, Kathleen H. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2022
Question-explanation exchanges in parent-child interactions foster children's early learning, especially when children are inquiring about unobservable scientific phenomena such as the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). As with other unobservable entities, children must rely on adults to acquire knowledge about COVID-19. Yet, we know very little about…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Parent Child Relationship, Comprehension
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Park, Anne T.; Mackey, Allyson P. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2022
Educational interventions are frequently designed to occur during early childhood, based on the idea that earlier intervention will have greater long-term academic benefits. However, surprisingly little is known about when cognitive and academic skills are most plastic, or malleable, during development. One way to study plasticity is to ask…
Descriptors: Child Development, Age Differences, Cognitive Development, Executive Function
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Marusak, Hilary A.; Borg, Breanna; Morales, Austin; Carrington Smith, Jamila; Blankenship, Kelly; Allen, Junior Lloyd; Goldberg, Elimelech; Bluth, Martin H. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2022
This exploratory study examined the impact of Heroes Circle, a martial arts-based curriculum on stress, emotional, and behavioral problems in elementary school children. While students completed classroom surveys at baseline, post-curriculum surveys were collected from teachers, students, and parents/guardians 2 and 5 months after COVID-19-related…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Stress Management, Emotional Problems, Behavior Problems
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Ekman, Rolf; Fletcher, Anna; Giota, Joanna; Eriksson, Axel; Thomas, Bertil; Bååthe, Fredrik – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2022
Emerging scientific knowledge such as the role of epigenetics and neuroplasticity--the brain's capability to constantly rewire with every action, experience, and thought--is fundamentally changing our understanding of the potential impact we can have on our brain. Our brain is formed by our habits in interaction with our body, the environment,…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Cognitive Ability, Resilience (Psychology), School Role
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Weed, Keri; Usry, Christian Hope; Stafford, Jane – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2022
High levels of math anxiety combined with low levels of mindfulness may contribute to disproportionate failure rates in introductory college mathematics classes. Although research has confirmed benefits of mindfulness in reducing anxiety and stress, findings have been less clear regarding links between mindfulness and achievement outcomes. The…
Descriptors: College Students, Metacognition, Mathematics Achievement, Thinking Skills
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Santapuram, Pooja; Feldman, Jacob I.; Bowman, Sarah M.; Raj, Sweeya; Suzman, Evan; Crowley, Shannon; Kim, So Yoon; Keceli-Kaysili, Bahar; Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Lewkowicz, David J.; Wallace, Mark T.; Woynaroski, Tiffany G. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2022
Looking to the mouth of a talker early in life predicts expressive communication. We hypothesized that looking at a talker's mouth may signal that infants are ready for increased supported joint engagement and that it subsequently facilitates prelinguistic vocal development and translates to broader gains in expressive communication. We tested…
Descriptors: Infants, Expressive Language, Toddlers, Autism
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Brod, Garvin; Shing, Yee Lee – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2022
Humans accumulate knowledge throughout their entire lives. In what ways does this accumulation of knowledge influence learning of new information? Are there age-related differences in the way prior knowledge is leveraged for remembering new information? We review studies that have investigated these questions, focusing on those that have used the…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Prior Learning, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Memory
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Frausel, Rebecca R.; Vollman, Elayne; Muzard, Antonia; Richland, Lindsey E.; Goldin-Meadow, Susan; Levine, Susan C. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2022
The use of higher-order thinking talk (HOTT), where speakers identify relations between representations (e.g., comparison, causality, abstraction) is examined in the spontaneous language produced by 64 typically developing (TD) and 46 brain-injured children, observed from 14-58 months at home. HOTT is less frequent in lower-income children and…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Speech Communication, Language Skills, Brain
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Chae, Soo Eun; Alexander, Patricia A. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2022
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the relational reasoning performance of three groups from South Korea who either differed significantly in age or in the timing of their education. One group consisted of 200 sixth-grade adolescents. The other groups were composed of older adults who either attended school during the mandated…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Thinking Skills, Grade 6, Adolescents
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Wang, Qian; Zhu, Yanmei; Wei, Lili; Deng, Huihua – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2022
This study investigated how visual attention differed between students who hold scientific knowledge and those who have misconceptions. We analyzed visual fixations of 98 middle students on problems containing information relevant to scientific knowledge and common misconceptions. It showed that students who acquired scientific concepts paid more…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Visual Perception, Attention, Physics
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Prokofieva, Victoria; Kostromina, Svetlana; Brandt-Pomares, Pascale; Hérold, Jean-François; Fenouillet, Fabien; Velay, Jean-Luc – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2022
An assessment-related stress is an object of interest of both educational and neurobiological research. In educational literature, "feeling stressed" is measured by self-reports and mostly in the situation of high-stakes examinations before and after an exam. In neurophysiological research, "acute stress" is laboratory observed…
Descriptors: Correlation, Stress Variables, Interdisciplinary Approach, Physiology
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Goldwater, Micah B.; Hilton, Courtney; Davis, Tyler H. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2022
There is a disconnect between neuroscience research on concept learning and representation (focusing on categories of concrete objects), and concept learning challenges in science education (which concern systems of causal relationships among objects and events). Bridging this gap will both inform theories of science learning and expand our…
Descriptors: Science Education, Class Activities, Cognitive Processes, Course Content
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MacMahon, Stephanie; Leggett, Jack; Carroll, Annemaree – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2022
The science of learning (SoL) has powerful contributions to make to both the production of knowledge about learning and to the ways in which this knowledge can be successfully mobilized into educational practice. However, as a multidisciplinary field, it also faces some challenges if it is to bridge the research-practice gap. Using Levin's (2013)…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Knowledge Management, Theory Practice Relationship, Educational Research
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Drozdowska, Alina; Jendrusch, Gernot; Platen, Petra; Lücke, Thomas; Kersting, Mathilde; Sinningen, Kathrin – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2022
The objective of this study was to investigate the association between specified levels of physical education (PE) at school and different parameters of cognition in boys and girls, considering potential covariates. Baseline data from a crossover nutrition intervention study were used for a secondary analysis of 247 schoolchildren (37% girls).…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Grade 5, Grade 6, Males
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