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Frankenberg, Sofia J. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The Digital Maps Metaphor (DMM) is suggested as a transdisciplinary research tool to overcome some of the challenges that are potentially inherent in research projects that involve multiple aims, objectives, knowledge claims, and methodologies. Based on the understanding of metaphors as embodied concepts, it is argued that the DMM can be used to…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Figurative Language, Child Development, Intervention
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Brock, Laura L.; Kim, Helyn; Grissmer, David W. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The present study examines cross-lagged associations among executive function, visuomotor skills, and math and reading achievement from kindergarten to second grade. Both executive function and visuomotor integration tend to be delayed in socioeconomically disadvantaged children and can explain nearly half the achievement gap at kindergarten…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Executive Function, Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement
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Sutter, Carolyn; Ontai, Lenna L.; Shilts, Mical K.; Lanoue, Louise; Allen, Lindsay H.; Townsend, Marilyn S. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
Previous research suggests obesity is negatively related to cognitive functioning and academic outcomes in addition to physical health. However, not much is known about this association in early childhood or potential physiological underpinnings. Biomarkers related to obesity have been associated with cognition, in particular the adipokine leptin,…
Descriptors: Correlation, School Readiness, Obesity, Low Income
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Rosenberg-Lee, Miriam – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The promise of educational neuroscience lies in its potential to uncover mechanistic insights into the science of learning. However, to realize that promise, the field must overcome a fundamental difference between the constituent disciplines: neuroscience is primarily concerned with understanding how the brain works; whereas education attempts to…
Descriptors: Neurosciences, Education, Brain, Training
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Horowitz-Kraus, Tzipi; DiCesare, Christopher; Kiefer, Adam W. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
Dyslexia, or reading difficulty (RD), is characterized by slow, inaccurate reading and accompanied by deficit in executive functions (EF) and altered functional connectivity (FC) in the related networks (i.e., cingulo-opercular). Individuals with RD also present with altered oculomotor gaze patterns that include longer fixation times. The…
Descriptors: Correlation, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Cognitive Ability, Reading Difficulties
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Margolin, Sara J.; Snyder, Natasha; Thamboo, Pradeep – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The present research aimed to determine the circumstances under which comprehension between paper and e-readers is comparable and what role working memory plays in successful comprehension of text presented in these formats. Narrative and expository texts were presented in electronic and paper formats to determine whether readers glean different…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Reading Comprehension, Comparative Analysis, Text Structure
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Scrimin, Sara; Osler, Gabriele; Moscardino, Ughetta; Mason, Lucia – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The present study aimed to investigate the role of classroom climate and self-regulation in terms of cardiac vagal tone and inhibitory control in primary school students' focused attention. A combination of direct and indirect measures was used to assess classroom climate, sustained and selective attention, and inattention behaviors among 62 first…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Elementary School Students, Class Activities, Classroom Environment
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Staus, Nancy L.; Falk, John H. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
Although there is substantial research on the effect of emotions on educational outcomes in the classroom, relatively little is known about how emotion affects learning in informal science contexts. We examined the role of emotion in the context of an informal science learning experience by utilizing a path model to investigate the relationships…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Science Instruction, Informal Education, Path Analysis
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Schnaider-Levi, Lia; Mitnik, Inbal; Zafrani, Keren; Goldman, Zehavit; Lev-Ari, Shahar – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
An inquiry-based intervention has been found to have a positive effect on burnout and mental well-being parameters among teachers. The aim of the current study was to qualitatively evaluate the effect of the inquiry-based stress reduction (IBSR) meditation technique on the participants. Semi-structured interviews were conducted before and after…
Descriptors: Intervention, Teacher Burnout, Well Being, Mental Health
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Campeño-Martínez, Yoana; Santiago-Ramajo, Sandra; Navarro-Asencio, Enrique; Vergara-Moragues, Esperanza; Santiuste Bermejo, Victor – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
There has been increasing evidence in recent years of the need to adapt intervention programs to the specific needs of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The main goal of this research work was to study the efficacy of an educational intervention program to improve attention and reflexivity in school children with ADHD…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Intervention, Elementary School Students, Children
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Mackey, Allyson P.; Park, Anne T.; Robinson, Sydney T.; Gabrieli, John D. E. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
Cognitive skills are associated with academic performance, but little is known about how to improve these skills in the classroom. Here, we present the results of a pilot study in which teachers were trained to engage students in cognitive skill practice through playing games. Fifth-grade students at an experimental charter school were randomly…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Development, Grade 5, Charter Schools
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Rominger, Christian; Reitinger, Johannes; Seyfried, Clemens; Schneckenleitner, Eva; Fink, Andreas – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
Teachers' ability to critically reflect classroom situations in relation to their own actions constitutes an important prerequisite to improve teaching performance and professional behavior. This study investigated electroencephalogram activity in the alpha band during a reflection task before and after training in a sample of preservice teachers.…
Descriptors: Brain, Reflection, Medicine, Preservice Teachers
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Braga, Lucia W.; Amemiya, Eduardo; Tauil, Alexandre; Suguieda, Denis; Lacerda, Carolina; Klein, Elise; Dehaene-Lambertz, Ghislaine; Dehaene, Stanislas – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
We evaluated neuro-functional changes associated with late acquisition of reading in an illiterate adult who underwent 20 longitudinal functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans during 2 years, while the participant progressed from complete illiteracy to a modest level of alphabetical decoding. Initially, the participant did not activate…
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, Case Studies, Illiteracy, Longitudinal Studies
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Nyhout, Angela; O'Neill, Daniela K. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
A story's space or setting often determines and constrains the actions of its characters. We report on an experiment with 106 children of 7-8 years old in which, using a novel enactment task, we measured children's representation of a story character's movement during story listening. We found that children were more likely to enact movements that…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Task Analysis, Oral Language, Listening Comprehension
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Ferjan Ramirez, Naja; Kuhl, Patricia – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
The first years of life represent a unique window of opportunity for foreign language learning. However, key questions are: How much and what kind of foreign language exposure is needed to ignite learning? We conducted a foreign language (English) intervention in four public Infant Education Centers in Madrid, Spain. Intervention children (N =…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Infants, Foreign Countries, Second Language Learning
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