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Villegas, Leslie; Pompa, Delia – Migration Policy Institute, 2020
When the "Every Student Succeeds Act" (ESSA) was signed into law in 2015, it was hailed as a significant step forward for English Learner (EL) students. The law aimed to raise the profile of accountability for ELs, including in terms of their progress towards English proficiency and their performance in academic subjects. More than four…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, State Policy
Batalova, Jeanne; Fix, Michael; Pierce, Sarah – Migration Policy Institute, 2020
The coronavirus pandemic that swept into communities across the United States beginning in Spring 2020 has placed enormous strain on health-care systems and highlighted the work of both U.S.- and foreign-born health professionals. But even as the need for testing, treatment, and care is high, an estimated 263,000 immigrants and refugees with at…
Descriptors: Allied Health Personnel, Immigrants, Health Needs, Certification
Sugarman, Julie; Villegas, Leslie – Migration Policy Institute, 2020
Standardized tests play a central role in the U.S. education system, shaping how states hold schools accountable for ensuring that all students have equitable access to a quality education. Schools and districts sometimes also use testing data for high-stakes decisions about teacher pay and whether students can move on to the next grade. It is…
Descriptors: Native Language, English Language Learners, Elementary Secondary Education, Testing Accommodations
Sugarman, Julie – Migration Policy Institute, 2020
Data about English Learner (EL) students in the United States are more plentiful than ever. Under the federal "Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015" (ESSA), states must report a wide range of information about their students' English language arts and math standardized test scores, graduation rates, and more. They must also break these…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Definitions, Classification, Federal Legislation
Capps, Randy; Cardoso, Jodi Berger; Brabeck, Kalina – Migration Policy Institute, 2020
This report examines links between immigration enforcement, related fears, and the mental health of Latino youth. It presents the findings of a survey of Latino students at five high schools in Harris County, Texas, and six high schools in four Rhode Island cities, conducted during the 2018-19 school year. The survey explored students' fears of…
Descriptors: Immigration, Law Enforcement, Undocumented Immigrants, Hispanic American Students
Sugarman, Julie; Lazarín, Melissa – Migration Policy Institute, 2020
As schools closed their physical classrooms in March 2020 due to COVID-19, educators across the United States reported that English Learners (ELs), immigrant students, and students in low-income families were particularly difficult to reach with online instruction. The pandemic and the sudden, forced transition to remote learning have brought into…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, School Closing, English Language Learners
Batalova, Jeanne; Feldblum, Miriam – Migration Policy Institute, 2020
Of the 19 million students at U.S. colleges and universities in 2018, 28 percent were either first-generation immigrants or the children of immigrants. Together, these immigrant-origin students play an important role in postsecondary enrollment across the country, accounting for 58 percent of the growth of the student population between 2000 and…
Descriptors: Immigrants, College Students, Student Characteristics, Student Diversity
Batalova, Jeanne; Fix, Michael – Migration Policy Institute, 2019
As the U.S. workforce ages, baby boomers retire, and birth rates decline, the United States is facing an estimated shortfall of 8 million workers between now and 2027. At the same time, the U.S. economy is becoming ever more knowledge-based. Having a marketable postsecondary credential, whether an academic degree or a professional certification or…
Descriptors: Credentials, Immigrants, Adults, Certification
Sugarman, Julie – Migration Policy Institute, 2019
Graduation from high school is an important achievement for students, and one that has implications for their future educational opportunities and earnings. For the last two decades, graduation rates have also been among the metrics used to evaluate school effectiveness under federal law, with the aim of ensuring that all students receive a…
Descriptors: Accountability, English Language Learners, School Districts, Educational Quality
Zong, Jie; Batalova, Jeanne – Migration Policy Institute, 2019
Since 2001, Congress has debated legislation that would offer a pathway to legal status for eligible unauthorized immigrants who arrived in the United States as children. And in 2012, President Barack Obama launched the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program that offers work authorization and relief from deportation for some such…
Descriptors: Undocumented Immigrants, High School Graduates, Graduation Rate
Ruiz Soto, Ariel G.; Selee, Andrew – Migration Policy Institute, 2019
Education levels are on the rise among Mexican immigrants, who now comprise the fourth largest group of college-educated immigrants in the United States, after those from India, China, and the Philippines. The number of Mexican immigrants with a bachelor's degree or higher grew from 269,000 in 2000 to 678,000 in 2017--an increase that is primarily…
Descriptors: Mexican Americans, Immigrants, College Graduates, Age
Batalova, Jeanne; Fix, Michael – Migration Policy Institute, 2019
Immigrants and their U.S.-born children, who together comprise the immigrant-origin population, are an important if sometimes under-recognized source of talent for U.S. and state economies. With the country facing both an aging population and declining birth rate, immigrant-origin adults are expected to provide nearly all labor-force growth in the…
Descriptors: Adults, Immigrants, Educational Attainment, Postsecondary Education
Sugarman, Julie – Migration Policy Institute, 2019
Although education is in many ways a responsibility of states and localities, the U.S. federal government also has an important role to play. National laws, court rulings, and policy guidance help ensure that English Learner (EL) and immigrant-background students have equitable access to a meaningful education. It is then up to states and school…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Immigrants, Student Rights, Federal Legislation
Park, Maki; Katsiaficas, Caitlin – Migration Policy Institute, 2019
A child's first years are ones of exceptionally rapid growth, a period that can lay the foundation for school readiness and healthy socioemotional development. Growing awareness of the importance of investing in infants and toddlers is reflected in the spread of home visiting programs--family-focused social services provided in the home on a…
Descriptors: Home Visits, Immigrants, English Language Learners, Family Programs
Sugarman, Julie; Geary, Courtney – Migration Policy Institute, 2018
The Migration Policy Institute has produced a set of fact sheets providing an overview of key characteristics of the foreign-born and English Learner (EL) populations in select states. It aims to build understanding of state demographic contexts, how ELs are performing in K-12 schools, and the basics of state policies for EL education under the…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, State Policy, Second Language Learning, Standardized Tests
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