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Villegas, Leslie; Pompa, Delia – Migration Policy Institute, 2020
When the "Every Student Succeeds Act" (ESSA) was signed into law in 2015, it was hailed as a significant step forward for English Learner (EL) students. The law aimed to raise the profile of accountability for ELs, including in terms of their progress towards English proficiency and their performance in academic subjects. More than four…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, State Policy
Batalova, Jeanne; Fix, Michael – Migration Policy Institute, 2019
As the U.S. workforce ages, baby boomers retire, and birth rates decline, the United States is facing an estimated shortfall of 8 million workers between now and 2027. At the same time, the U.S. economy is becoming ever more knowledge-based. Having a marketable postsecondary credential, whether an academic degree or a professional certification or…
Descriptors: Credentials, Immigrants, Adults, Certification
Sugarman, Julie – Migration Policy Institute, 2019
Graduation from high school is an important achievement for students, and one that has implications for their future educational opportunities and earnings. For the last two decades, graduation rates have also been among the metrics used to evaluate school effectiveness under federal law, with the aim of ensuring that all students receive a…
Descriptors: Accountability, English Language Learners, School Districts, Educational Quality
Zong, Jie; Batalova, Jeanne – Migration Policy Institute, 2019
Since 2001, Congress has debated legislation that would offer a pathway to legal status for eligible unauthorized immigrants who arrived in the United States as children. And in 2012, President Barack Obama launched the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program that offers work authorization and relief from deportation for some such…
Descriptors: Undocumented Immigrants, High School Graduates, Graduation Rate
Ruiz Soto, Ariel G.; Selee, Andrew – Migration Policy Institute, 2019
Education levels are on the rise among Mexican immigrants, who now comprise the fourth largest group of college-educated immigrants in the United States, after those from India, China, and the Philippines. The number of Mexican immigrants with a bachelor's degree or higher grew from 269,000 in 2000 to 678,000 in 2017--an increase that is primarily…
Descriptors: Mexican Americans, Immigrants, College Graduates, Age
Batalova, Jeanne; Fix, Michael – Migration Policy Institute, 2019
Immigrants and their U.S.-born children, who together comprise the immigrant-origin population, are an important if sometimes under-recognized source of talent for U.S. and state economies. With the country facing both an aging population and declining birth rate, immigrant-origin adults are expected to provide nearly all labor-force growth in the…
Descriptors: Adults, Immigrants, Educational Attainment, Postsecondary Education
Sugarman, Julie – Migration Policy Institute, 2019
Although education is in many ways a responsibility of states and localities, the U.S. federal government also has an important role to play. National laws, court rulings, and policy guidance help ensure that English Learner (EL) and immigrant-background students have equitable access to a meaningful education. It is then up to states and school…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Immigrants, Student Rights, Federal Legislation
Park, Maki; Katsiaficas, Caitlin – Migration Policy Institute, 2019
A child's first years are ones of exceptionally rapid growth, a period that can lay the foundation for school readiness and healthy socioemotional development. Growing awareness of the importance of investing in infants and toddlers is reflected in the spread of home visiting programs--family-focused social services provided in the home on a…
Descriptors: Home Visits, Immigrants, English Language Learners, Family Programs
Sugarman, Julie; Geary, Courtney – Migration Policy Institute, 2018
The Migration Policy Institute has produced a set of fact sheets providing an overview of key characteristics of the foreign-born and English Learner (EL) populations in select states. It aims to build understanding of state demographic contexts, how ELs are performing in K-12 schools, and the basics of state policies for EL education under the…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, State Policy, Second Language Learning, Standardized Tests
Park, Maki; Zong, Jie; Batalova, Jeanne – Migration Policy Institute, 2018
A strong research base demonstrates the benefits of bilingual education models in supporting Dual Language Learners' (DLLs')--young children who have at least one parent who speaks a language other than English in the home--academic development. However, in super-diverse pre-K through grade 3 classrooms where no single non-English language is…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Students, Preschool Children, Elementary School Students
Baker, Megina; Páez, Mariela – Migration Policy Institute, 2018
Early childhood education and care (ECEC) programs across the United States are experiencing an increasing level of linguistic and cultural diversity among the children they serve. Dual Language Learners (DLLs)--young children who grow up speaking more than one language at home and in the classroom--bring to these classrooms unique learning…
Descriptors: Bilingual Students, Bilingualism, Preschool Children, Early Childhood Education
Batalova, Jeanne; Fix, Michael – Migration Policy Institute, 2018
Migration Policy Institute (MPI) research finds that nearly 2 million, or one-quarter, of immigrant college graduates are either unemployed or work in jobs that require no more than a high school degree. This brain waste comes with a price tag of $10 billion in forgone federal, state, and local taxes each year. But there are also…
Descriptors: Immigrants, College Graduates, Employment Patterns, Human Capital
Hurwitz, Anya; Olsen, Laurie – Migration Policy Institute, 2018
In early childhood education and care programs across the United States, there is a growing need for effective approaches to teaching in classrooms where children come from a variety of cultural and linguistic backgrounds. Many of the tried and trusted models for supporting Dual Language Learners (DLLs) were developed in more homogeneous or…
Descriptors: Models, Teaching Methods, Teacher Surveys, Early Childhood Education
Sugarman, Julie – Migration Policy Institute, 2018
In recent years, education data have become both more easily accessible and more important than ever to decisions about K-12 policies and practice. Under the "Every Student Succeeds Act" (ESSA), states are required to publish data on how students, including English Learners (ELs), are performing in areas such as reading, math, and…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Data Collection, Data Analysis, Student Characteristics
Sugarman, Julie – Migration Policy Institute, 2018
The instructional programs educators design to help English Learner (EL) students work toward English proficiency look different in schools across the United States. This is due in part to the variety of approaches K-12 educators take to important questions such as: Should the program foster bilingualism or focus solely on English? Should ELs…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Models, Elementary Secondary Education, Second Language Instruction
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