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Sugarman, Julie; Geary, Courtney – Migration Policy Institute, 2018
The Migration Policy Institute has produced a set of fact sheets providing an overview of key characteristics of the foreign-born and English Learner (EL) populations in select states. It aims to build understanding of state demographic contexts, how ELs are performing in K-12 schools, and the basics of state policies for EL education under the…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, State Policy, Second Language Learning, Standardized Tests
Sugarman, Julie – Migration Policy Institute, 2018
In recent years, education data have become both more easily accessible and more important than ever to decisions about K-12 policies and practice. Under the "Every Student Succeeds Act" (ESSA), states are required to publish data on how students, including English Learners (ELs), are performing in areas such as reading, math, and…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Data Collection, Data Analysis, Student Characteristics
Sugarman, Julie – Migration Policy Institute, 2018
The instructional programs educators design to help English Learner (EL) students work toward English proficiency look different in schools across the United States. This is due in part to the variety of approaches K-12 educators take to important questions such as: Should the program foster bilingualism or focus solely on English? Should ELs…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Models, Elementary Secondary Education, Second Language Instruction
Sugarman, Julie; Lee, Kevin – Migration Policy Institute, 2017
The Migration Policy Institute has produced a set of fact sheets providing a sketch of key characteristics of the foreign-born and English Learner (EL) populations in select states. The fact sheets are intended to equip community organizations, policymakers, and others with an understanding of the state demographic context and some of the basics…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Immigrants, Geographic Location, Educational Policy
Pompa, Delia; Park, Maki; Fix, Michael – Migration Policy Institute, 2017
Enactment of the "Every Student Succeeds Act" (ESSA) in 2015 introduced opportunities to use federal funds to strengthen the early childhood education and care (ECEC) workforce as a means of better meeting the needs of the growing and increasingly diverse young child population. Children under the age of 5 who have at least one parent or…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Students
Pompa, Delia; Villegas, Leslie – Migration Policy Institute, 2017
The "Every Student Succeeds Act" (ESSA), signed into law in 2015 and still in the midst of implementation, requires states to develop and submit to the U.S. Department of Education a state education accountability plan. Compared to the previous federal education law, the "No Child Left Behind Act" (NCLB), ESSA mandates that…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, English Language Learners, Accountability
Sugarman, Julie – Migration Policy Institute, 2017
Immigrant and refugee youth who enter the United States during their secondary school years face a daunting set of challenges. In addition to learning a new language and adjusting to U.S. classroom norms, they must quickly fill gaps in their subject-matter knowledge and pass the courses required to graduate high school before aging out of the…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, High School Students, Immigrants, Refugees
Sugarman, Julie; Morris-Lange, Simon; McHugh, Margie – Migration Policy Institute, 2016
The educational needs of migrant-background students in primary and secondary schools pose a growing challenge for policymakers and educators around the world. Some national, regional, and local governments have well-designed systems of support for such students, while others are just beginning to establish targeted policies and practices to meet…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Immigrants, Foreign Countries, Student Needs
Morland, Lyn; Ives, Nicole; McNeely, Clea; Allen, Chenoa – Migration Policy Institute, 2016
The current research on the benefits of high-quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) leaves little doubt that early interventions have both short- and long-term advantages. Quality ECEC can have substantial positive impacts on young children's social, emotional, cognitive, and language development, with long-term effects on educational…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Access to Education, Early Childhood Education, Educational Quality
Gross, Jeff; Ntagengwa, Christine – Migration Policy Institute, 2016
For refugee households, stable child-care arrangements are a key underpinning of working parents' employment success and family self-sufficiency, and thus an important goal of refugee case management. Given the well-documented impact of early learning services on children's school readiness and long-term cognitive, socioemotional, and educational…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Early Childhood Education, Refugees, Minority Groups
Sugarman, Julie – Migration Policy Institute, 2016
With nearly 10 percent of U.S. elementary and secondary students less than fully fluent in English, many school districts are struggling to develop the capacity to meet the needs of these nearly 5 million children from immigrant and refugee backgrounds. More than two-thirds of these students live in the traditional immigrant-destination states of…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Financial Support, Equal Education, English Language Learners
Adair, Jennifer Keys – Migration Policy Institute, 2015
How the young children of immigrants experience their early school years may in large part determine their academic future and negatively affect their emotional, social, and mental development. Children benefit from a positive, supportive learning environment where their contributions are valued; many from immigrant families, however, experience…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Educational Experience, Young Children, Academic Achievement
Batalova, Jeanne; Hooker, Sarah; Capps, Randy – Migration Policy Institute, 2014
Since the Obama administration launched the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program in 2012, which offers temporary relief from deportation and the right to apply for work authorization for certain unauthorized immigrants who came to the United States as children, 55 percent of the 1.2 million youth who immediately met the program's…
Descriptors: College Attendance, Higher Education, Barriers, Eligibility
Crosby, Danielle A.; Dunbar, Angel S. – Migration Policy Institute, 2012
Policy and academic interest in young children has grown substantially in recent years, prompted in part by advancements in the scientific understanding of early childhood and mounting evidence of the importance of early experiences for later development. Of particular concern is the finding that achievement disparities among different racial,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Pregnancy, Academic Aspiration, Immigrants
Jackson, Margot – Migration Policy Institute, 2012
Racial disparities in child development in the United States are significant, with a particularly pronounced disadvantage among Black children. This report focuses on the development of children of Black immigrants, comparing against the outcomes for their peers in native-born and other immigrant families. The report also compares children in the…
Descriptors: Immigrants, African American Children, Foreign Countries, Child Health
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