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Marulis, Loren M.; Nelson, Lindsey J. – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
Metacognition--knowledge, monitoring, and regulation of cognition--is key to learning and academic achievement. This is robustly supported for K-12 and higher education learners while empirical evidence in early childhood is encouraging but limited. To address these gaps in the literature, our first goal was to investigate early metacognition…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Executive Function, Learning Motivation, Problem Solving
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Rodríguez-Málaga, L.; Cueli, M.; Rodríguez, C. – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
The improvement of writing skills is one of the aims of the educational system. The present study implemented strategy-focused instruction through the Cognitive Self-Regulation Instruction (CSRI) program which included three instructional components: Direct Teaching, Modelling, and Peer-Practice. The aim was to explore the short- and long-term…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Elementary School Students, Writing Instruction, Writing Skills
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Lippmann, Marie; Danielson, Robert W.; Schwartz, Neil H.; Körndle, Hermann; Narciss, Susanne – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
This investigation examines the effects of keyword tasks (Immediate vs. Delayed) on metacognitive monitoring, study regulation, and recall in multi-step learning tasks, which require learning information from expository texts. The titles of the expository texts were biased towards information that was either stated close to the title…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Metacognition, Recall (Psychology), Mnemonics
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Modrek, Anahid S.; Ramirez, Gerardo – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
Individual differences in self-regulation have been a topic of increased empirical research. However, few investigations have been conducted on how sub-components of self-regulation differentially predict education outcomes over time. We examined cognitive and behavior regulation as predictors of middle-school students' (n = 127) long-term…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Self Control, Metacognition, Predictor Variables
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Vangsness, Lisa; Young, Michael E. – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
Accurate metacognitive monitoring improves performance in a variety of naturalistic contexts. However, the laboratory contexts used to study metacognition differ from naturalistic environments in important ways. Specifically, laboratory experiments require learners to make repeated, overt judgments that are thought to reflect underlying…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Prompting, Accuracy, Cues
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Morphew, Jason W. – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
Student learning in introductory science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) courses is often self-regulated. For self-regulated learning to be effective, students need to engage in accurate metacognitive monitoring to make appropriate metacognitive control decisions. However, the accuracy with which individuals monitor their task…
Descriptors: Metacognition, STEM Education, Independent Study, Accuracy
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Rivers, Michelle L.; Fitzsimmons, Charles J.; Fisk, Susan R.; Dunlosky, John; Thompson, Clarissa A. – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
Prior research has found gender differences in spatial tasks in which men perform better, and are more confident, than women. Do gender differences also occur in people's confidence as they perform number-line estimation, a common spatial-numeric task predictive of math achievement? To investigate this question, we analyzed outcomes from six…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Spatial Ability, Number Concepts, Computation
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Wang, Ying; Sperling, Rayne A. – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
While many studies of monitoring accuracy have been conducted with college students, less is known about middle school students' monitoring accuracy, especially in Asian countries. Prior research also found discrepancies in students' monitoring accuracy between Western and Asian cultures. To understand and support Chinese middle school students'…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Metacognition, Mathematics Instruction, Foreign Countries
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Nederhand, Marloes L.; Tabbers, Huib K.; De Bruin, Anique B. H.; Rikers, Remy M. J. P. – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
When compared to high performers, low performers generally have more difficulty to accurately estimate their own performance. This has been explained by low performers being both unskilled and unaware about their performance. However, Miller and Geraci "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition," 37(2), 502-506,…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Accuracy, Grades (Scholastic)
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Chuderski, Adam; Jastrzebski, Jan; Kroczek, Bartlomiej; Kucwaj, Hanna; Ociepka, Michal – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
Participants rated Intuition, Suddenness, Pleasure, and Certainty accompanying their solutions to items of a popular fluid intelligence test -- Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (RAPM) -- that varied from easy (around 80% correct) to difficult (around 20% correct). The same ratings were collected from four insight problems interleaved with…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Intelligence Tests, Intuition, Difficulty Level
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Waldeyer, Julia; Roelle, Julian – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
Prompting learners to generate keywords after a delay is a promising means to enhance relative judgment accuracy in learning from texts. However, to date, conceptual replications of the keyword effect without the involvement of the researcher who originally proposed it are still scarce. Furthermore, it is unclear whether generating delayed…
Descriptors: College Students, Metacognition, Reading Comprehension, Information Retrieval
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Gentner, Nadja; Seufert, Tina – Metacognition and Learning, 2020
By activating self-regulation processes, prompts affect strategy use and learning outcomes. This study investigates the effects of cognitive and metacognitive prompts on strategy use and learning outcomes. Since enactive self-regulation processes represent the basis for self-efficacy judgements, we also investigated the effects of cognitive and…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Self Management, Metacognition, Learning Strategies
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De Backer, Liesje; Van Keer, Hilde; Valcke, Martin – Metacognition and Learning, 2020
The present study aims at investigating whether events of socially shared metacognitive regulation (SSMR) differ from each other when comparing their characteristics. These differences are labelled "variations in SSMR". The study is conducted in a peer tutoring setting at university and includes video data (70 h of video recordings) on…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Cooperative Learning, Academic Achievement, College Students
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Craig, Kym; Hale, Daniel; Grainger, Catherine; Stewart, Mary E. – Metacognition and Learning, 2020
Metacognitive skills have been shown to be strongly associated with academic achievement and serve as the basis of many therapeutic treatments for mental health conditions. Thus, it is likely that training metacognitive skills can lead to improved academic skills and health and well-being. Because metacognition is an awareness of one's own…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Taxonomy, Meta Analysis
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Fitzsimmons, Charles J.; Thompson, Clarissa A.; Sidney, Pooja G. – Metacognition and Learning, 2020
Understanding fraction magnitudes is especially important in daily life, but fraction reasoning is quite difficult. To accurately reason about fraction magnitudes, adults need to monitor what they know and what they do not know. However, little is known about which cues adults use to monitor fraction performance. Across two studies, we examined…
Descriptors: Fractions, Cues, Metacognition, Familiarity
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