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Showing 1 to 15 of 235 results Save | Export
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Wong, Aaron Y.; Moss, Jarrod – Metacognition and Learning, 2022
Studies have found that metacomprehension accuracy tends to be poor, but there has also been evidence that rereading a text may improve metacomprehension accuracy. One explanation for this rereading effect is that readers can attend more to the metacognitive level during rereading than the initial reading. However, prior experiments used paradigms…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Reading Comprehension, Accuracy, Reading Processes
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Laursen, Skylar J.; Fiacconi, Chris M. – Metacognition and Learning, 2022
Despite the naïve intuition that individuals' confidence in their future memory performance should increase with longer self-paced study time, it is commonly observed that the relation between invested study time and memory predictions (i.e., judgments of learning (JOLs)) is negative. This negative relation has been suggested to reflect use of the…
Descriptors: Memory, Memorization, Heuristics, Metacognition
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Robey, Alison; Castillo, Carlos; Ha, Joseph; Kerlow, Marina; Tesfa, Nebyat; Dougherty, Michael – Metacognition and Learning, 2022
Deciding what items to restudy is an important aspect of self-regulated learning. Previous research (Robey et al. "Psychological Science," 28(11), 1683-1693, 2017) reports that having learners make different types of metacognitive judgments affects restudy decisions. More specifically, when learners made retrospective confidence…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Memory, Study Habits, Decision Making
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Madison, Erin M.; Fulton, Erika K. – Metacognition and Learning, 2022
Metacomprehension refers to the ability to monitor and control reading comprehension. It is important for individuals to be accurate in their judgments of comprehension, as this can affect academic performance. One type of accuracy, relative accuracy, tends to be low, meaning individuals cannot adequately differentiate well-known from less…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Reading Comprehension, Accuracy, Learning Modalities
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Oudman, Sophie; van de Pol, Janneke; van Gog, Tamara – Metacognition and Learning, 2022
Preparing students to become self-regulated learners has become an important goal of primary education. Therefore, it is important to investigate how we can improve self-monitoring and self-regulation accuracy in primary school students. Focusing on mathematics problems, we investigated whether and how (1) high- and low-performing students…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving
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Teng, Mark Feng; Qin, Chenghai; Wang, Chuang – Metacognition and Learning, 2022
This empirical study serves two purposes. The first purpose is to validate a newly developed instrument, the Metacognitive Academic Writing Strategies Questionnaire (MAWSQ), which represents the multifaceted structure of metacognition in an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) academic writing setting. The second purpose is to delineate the…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Writing Strategies, Comparative Analysis, Academic Language
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Chen, Jing; Zhang, Lawrence Jun; Parr, Judy M. – Metacognition and Learning, 2022
Effective revision necessitates substantial self-regulation in managing the underlying sub-processes and in drawing on relevant knowledge and strategies. Unskilled writers, especially when they have to write in a second/foreign language (L2/FL), might find revision difficult to execute. This study leveraged on the Self-Regulated Strategy…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, English (Second Language), Revision (Written Composition), Self Management
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Haataja, Eetu; Malmberg, Jonna; Dindar, Muhterem; Järvelä, Sanna – Metacognition and Learning, 2022
Being aware of the progress towards one's goals is considered one of the main characteristics of the self-regulation process. This is also the case for collaborative problem solving, which invites group members to metacognitively monitor the progress with their goals and externalize it in social interactions while solving a problem. Monitoring…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Problem Solving, Metacognition, Physiology
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Moreno, Lorena; Briñol, Pablo; Petty, Richard E. – Metacognition and Learning, 2022
The present research examined the role of metacognitive confidence in understanding to what extent people's valenced thoughts guide their performance in academic settings. First, students were asked to engage in positive or negative thinking about exams in their major area of study (Study 1) or about themselves (Studies 2 and 3). The valence of…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Self Esteem, Academic Achievement, Student Evaluation
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Kolic-Vehovec, Svjetlana; Pahljina-Reinic, Rosanda; Roncevic Zubkovic, Barbara – Metacognition and Learning, 2022
The effects of collaborative learning and informing students about the dangers of overconfidence on metacognitive judgments and conceptual learning were examined in two classroom studies. In the first study, the conceptual knowledge of operant conditioning and the confidence judgments of 287 graduate students enrolled in a teacher education…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Self Esteem, Misconceptions, Metacognition
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Wang, Ying; Sperling, Rayne A. – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
While many studies of monitoring accuracy have been conducted with college students, less is known about middle school students' monitoring accuracy, especially in Asian countries. Prior research also found discrepancies in students' monitoring accuracy between Western and Asian cultures. To understand and support Chinese middle school students'…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Metacognition, Mathematics Instruction, Foreign Countries
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Nederhand, Marloes L.; Tabbers, Huib K.; De Bruin, Anique B. H.; Rikers, Remy M. J. P. – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
When compared to high performers, low performers generally have more difficulty to accurately estimate their own performance. This has been explained by low performers being both unskilled and unaware about their performance. However, Miller and Geraci "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition," 37(2), 502-506,…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Accuracy, Grades (Scholastic)
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Chuderski, Adam; Jastrzebski, Jan; Kroczek, Bartlomiej; Kucwaj, Hanna; Ociepka, Michal – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
Participants rated Intuition, Suddenness, Pleasure, and Certainty accompanying their solutions to items of a popular fluid intelligence test -- Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices (RAPM) -- that varied from easy (around 80% correct) to difficult (around 20% correct). The same ratings were collected from four insight problems interleaved with…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Intelligence Tests, Intuition, Difficulty Level
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Waldeyer, Julia; Roelle, Julian – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
Prompting learners to generate keywords after a delay is a promising means to enhance relative judgment accuracy in learning from texts. However, to date, conceptual replications of the keyword effect without the involvement of the researcher who originally proposed it are still scarce. Furthermore, it is unclear whether generating delayed…
Descriptors: College Students, Metacognition, Reading Comprehension, Information Retrieval
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Marulis, Loren M.; Nelson, Lindsey J. – Metacognition and Learning, 2021
Metacognition--knowledge, monitoring, and regulation of cognition--is key to learning and academic achievement. This is robustly supported for K-12 and higher education learners while empirical evidence in early childhood is encouraging but limited. To address these gaps in the literature, our first goal was to investigate early metacognition…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Executive Function, Learning Motivation, Problem Solving
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