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Showing 91 to 105 of 324 results Save | Export
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Pillow, Bradford H.; Pearson, RaeAnne M.; Allen, Cara – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
Two experiments investigated 3- to 5-year-olds' inductive generalizations about social categories. In Experiment 1, participants were shown pictures of children contrasting in appearance and either gender or classmate status, and were asked to generalize either biological properties or behaviors. Contrary to expectations, performance did not…
Descriptors: Young Children, Generalization, Social Stratification, Social Status
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Misailidi, Plousia; Kornilaki, Ekaterina N. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
This study examined the development of children's reasoning about the afterlife and its relationship with parental afterlife beliefs and testimony. A total of 123 children aged 5, 7, and 10 years were read a story describing the events that led to a person's death. After hearing the story, children were asked questions about the dead agent's…
Descriptors: Religion, Religious Factors, Logical Thinking, Parents
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Spivak, Asha Leah; White, Samantha Simmons; Juvonen, Jaana; Graham, Sandra – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
This study examined the association between ethnicity-related context variables and the prosocial behavior of early adolescents in ethnically/racially diverse schools. Specifically, youths' perceptions of greater representation of same-ethnic peers at school, school support for ethnic diversity, and engagement in and valuing cross-ethnic contact…
Descriptors: Correlation, Prosocial Behavior, Early Adolescents, Student Diversity
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Sengsavang, Sonia; Krettenauer, Tobias – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
This study examined the role of aggressiveness and parenting in the development of children's moral self-concept. Participants were 198 elementary school children and their parents (M = 8.65 years, SD = 2.44). Participants completed a structured moral self puppet interview and a questionnaire about their relationship to parents. Parents completed…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Aggression, Parent Child Relationship, Role
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Blankson, A. Nayena; O'Brien, Marion; Leerkes, Esther M.; Calkins, Susan D.; Marcovitch, Stuart D. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
We examined the impact of television viewing at ages 3 and 4 on vocabulary and at age 5 on executive functioning in the context of home learning environment and parental scaffolding. Children (N = 263) were seen in the lab when they were 3 years old and then again at ages 4 and 5. Parents completed measures assessing child television viewing and…
Descriptors: Television Viewing, Vocabulary Development, Language Acquisition, Age Differences
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Lee, Phyllis; Bierman, Karen L. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2015
For socioeconomically disadvantaged children, a positive experience in kindergarten may play a particularly important role in fostering the behavioral adjustment and learning engagement necessary for school success. Prior research has identified supportive student--teacher relationships and classroom emotional support as two features of the…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Disadvantaged Youth, Low Income Groups, Early Intervention
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Beaver, Kevin M.; Boutwell, Brian B.; Barnes, J. C.; Schwartz, Joseph A.; Connolly, Eric J. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
A body of empirical research has revealed that there are associations among language skills, peer interactions, and behavioral problems in childhood. At the same time, however, there has been comparatively less research devoted to exploring the mutual unfolding of these factors over the first few years of life. The current study is designed to…
Descriptors: Qualitative Research, Genetics, Correlation, Language Skill Attrition
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Burt, S. Alexandra – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
The studies included in this special issue on gene-peer interplay in child and adolescent outcomes can uniformly be described as cutting edge and methodologically sophisticated. When viewed together, they all but conclusively document the presence and importance of gene-peer interplay in child and adolescent outcomes. Nevertheless, more work on…
Descriptors: Genetics, Peer Relationship, Interpersonal Relationship, Mothers
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Rochette, Émilie; Bernier, Annie – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Family socioeconomic status (SES) and the quality of maternal behavior are among the few identified predictors of child executive functioning (EF), and they have often been found to have interactive rather than additive effects on other domains of child functioning. The purpose of this study was to explore their interactive effects in the…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Executive Function, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship
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Wainryb, Cecilia; Komolova, Masha; Brehl, Beverly – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Although exclusion is commonly thought of as a form of relational or social aggression, it often reflects attempts at maintaining friendships, drawing group boundaries, and optimizing group functioning and can thus also be considered an inevitable feature of normative social interactions. This study examines the narrative accounts and judgments of…
Descriptors: Social Isolation, Barriers, Group Membership, Interpersonal Relationship
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French, Doran C.; Purwono, Urip; Rodkin, Philip – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
The objectives of this longitudinal study were to predict the tobacco and alcohol use of Indonesian Muslim adolescents from their religiosity and the substance use of friends and network affiliates. At Year 1, there were 996 participants from eighth grade (n = 507, age = 13.4 years) and 10th grade (n = 489, age = 15.4); 875 were followed into the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Longitudinal Studies, Smoking, Drinking
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Upadyaya, Katja; Eccles, Jacquelynne S. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
The present study investigated to what extent teachers' beliefs about children's achievement contribute to the development of children's math interest. In addition, the extent to which other possible predictors, such as performance in math, gender, and race/ethnicity would contribute to the development of children's math interest was examined.…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Mathematics Achievement, Gender Differences, Racial Differences
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Grolnick, Wendy S.; Raftery-Helmer, Jacquelyn N.; Marbell, Kristine N; Flamm, Elizabeth S.; Cardemil, Esteban V. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
This study examined parents' provision of "structure," defined as the organization of the environment to facilitate competence, and the degree to which it supports versus controls children's autonomy, in the domains of homework and studying, unsupervised time, and responsibilities in a diverse sample of sixth-grade children and their…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Family Environment, Competence, Personal Autonomy
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Morrow, Michael T.; Hubbard, Julie A.; Swift, Lauren E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
This study examined the relations between multiple types of peer victimization, affective reactivity to victimization, and academic achievement. Participants (179 fifth-grade boys and girls) completed repeated daily measures of peer victimization and negative affect; a standardized measure of achievement was collected concurrently. The daily…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Victims, Peer Relationship
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Le Mare, Lucy; Audet, Karyn – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
We examined behavior problems in 80 adolescents (39 male; mean age = 15.74 years) adopted in early childhood by Canadians from globally depriving Romanian institutions. Overall, rates of clinically significant behavior problems were comparable to rates found in younger postinstitutionalized adopted children. The association between duration of…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adoption, Behavior Problems, Foreign Countries
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