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Munniksma, Anke; Juvonen, Jaana – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
This exploratory study examined whether cross-ethnic friendships are related to students' sense of social-emotional safety in a multiethnic middle school. The analysis sample (n = 227) consisted of Latino (57%) and White (43%) sixth- and seventh-grade students. Although a strong preference for same-ethnic friendships was found for both ethnic…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Ethnic Groups, Minority Group Students, School Safety
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Porta, Sandra Della; Howe, Nina – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
Mothers' and school-aged children's perceptions of types of power executed (coercive, reward, legitimate, information, negotiation, and sneaky) in three domains of conflict (personal, conventional, and prudential) were investigated. Participants included 41 children ranging from 7 to 12 years (M = 10.12, SD = 1.42) and their mothers. Perceptions…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Conflict, Rewards, Mothers
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Shi, Bing; Xie, Hongling – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
Using peer nominations of physical aggression and perceived popularity in the spring semester of fifth grade, we identified 54 popular aggressive and 42 nonpopular aggressive preadolescents in a diverse sample of 318 participants recruited from an urban school district. Physical aggression in the spring semester of sixth grade was included to…
Descriptors: Preadolescents, Social Status, Aggression, Developmental Continuity
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Panfile, Tia M.; Laible, Deborah J. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
The current study examined the influence of multiple factors on individual differences in empathy; namely, attachment, negative emotionality, and emotion regulation. A total of 63 mothers completed the Attachment Q-set and questionnaires about their children's empathy, negative emotionality, and emotion regulation when children were 3 years old.…
Descriptors: Prosocial Behavior, Empathy, Emotional Development, Individual Differences
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Winer, Abby C.; Phillips, Deborah A. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
This study examined differences in the quality of child care experienced by toddler boys and girls. Boys were more likely to be in lower-quality child care than girls, assessed with both setting-level measures and observations of caregiver-child interaction. A possible explanatory mechanism for the gender differences is suggested by evidence that…
Descriptors: Evidence, Females, Child Caregivers, Toddlers
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Sun, Jin; Rao, Nirmala – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
This study investigated how Chinese adults adjusted their scaffolding in interactions with children during problem-solving tasks. Fifty-seven 5-year-olds (from low and high socioeconomic status [SES] backgrounds) completed a playlike task (puzzle) and a school-like task (worksheet) with their mothers and teachers, respectively. Adult-child…
Descriptors: Mothers, Professional Training, Preschool Children, Adults
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Ramani, Geetha B. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
Empirical and theoretical literature on cooperative problem solving in preschool children suggests that integrating features of play into structured, experimental settings should increase the benefits of joint peer interactions and task performance. Four- and five-year-old peer dyads completed a playful, flexible, and child-driven building task or…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Play, Preschool Children, Observational Learning
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Hindman, Annemarie H.; Morrison, Frederick J. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
This study investigated parenting practices among families of preschoolers in a middle-income community, as well as the contributions of these practices to children's literacy and learning-related social skills. A total of 229 families of preschoolers were recruited. Parents completed a survey describing their parenting practices, while children's…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Preschool Children, Parenting Styles, Middle Class
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Fanger, Suzanne Marie; Frankel, Leslie Ann; Hazen, Nancy – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
To better understand peer exclusion in young children, 42 four- to six-year-olds were observed in an outdoor setting, and their verbalizations were recorded using wireless microphones. The frequency of peer exclusion and social aggression, the various techniques children used to exclude their peers (unmitigated, mitigated, ignoring, and planning…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Peer Relationship, Play, Naturalistic Observation
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Schofield, Thomas J.; Conger, Rand D.; Donnellan, M. Brent; Jochem, Rachel; Widaman, Keith F.; Conger, Katherine J. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
We investigated the degree to which parent positive personality characteristics in terms of conscientiousness, agreeableness, and emotional stability predict similar adolescent personality traits over time, as well as the role played by positive parenting in this process. Mothers and fathers of 451 White adolescents (52% female, mean age = 13.59…
Descriptors: Evidence, Personality Traits, Parents, Personality
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Cappella, Elise; Neal, Jennifer Watling; Sahu, Neha – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
Informed by research on interpersonal perception, peer relationships, and classroom climate, this study examines predictors of children's agreement with classmates on their classroom social networks. Social network data, peer nominations of positive behavior, and classroom observations were collected from 418 second-grade to fourth-grade children…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Observation, Coding, Classification
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Davidov, Maayan; Grusec, Joan E.; Wolfe, Janis L. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
Fifty-nine 6- to 9-year-old children evaluated three discipline strategies (reasoning, verbal power assertion, acknowledgment of feelings), and mothers were asked to predict their children's evaluations. Maternal knowledge scores were derived. Mothers were less accurate at predicting their children's perceptions of discipline when the misdeed in…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Discipline, Child Rearing, Parenting Styles
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Swanson, Jodi; Valiente, Carlos; Lemery-Chalfant, Kathryn – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
Components of the home environment are associated with children's academic functioning. The accumulation of risks in the home are expected to prove more detrimental to achievement than any one risk alone, but the processes accounting for this relation are unclear. Using an index of cumulative home risk (CHR) inclusive of protective factors, as…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Predictor Variables, Risk Assessment, Family Environment
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Soucie, Kendall M.; Lawford, Heather; Pratt, Michael W. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
Age-related and individual differences in adolescents' and emerging adults' stories of real-life empathic and nonempathic experiences were examined. A total of 29 adolescents (M = 15.28, SD = 0.99) and 31 emerging adults (M = 18.23, SD = 0.56) told stories of empathic and nonempathic life events and completed measures of authoritative parenting…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Personal Narratives, Empathy, Young Adults
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Evans, Cortney A.; Nelson, Larry J.; Porter, Christin L.; Nelson, David A.; Hart, Craig H. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012
This study assesses the relationships between children's shy and antisocial/aggressive behaviors and maternal beliefs, and concomitant parenting behaviors. Structural equation models examined 199 mothers' perceptions of aggression and shyness in their preschool-age children (average age = 59.63 months); maternal beliefs (i.e., locus of control,…
Descriptors: Aggression, Shyness, Child Rearing, Mothers
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