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Stefan, Catrinel A.; Avram, Julie – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2021
The current study's aim was to assess the contribution of empathic perspective-taking to the relationship between attachment security and children's risk of maladjustment. A sample of 212 preschoolers aged 3-5 years old was included in this study. Children completed the Attachment Story Completion Task and a modified version of the Kids' Empathic…
Descriptors: Empathy, Perspective Taking, Preschool Children, Attachment Behavior
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Duong, Mylien T.; Badaly, Daryaneh; Ross, Alexandra C.; Schwartz, David – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2021
Previous research has shown that adolescent peer groups play a role in maintaining and exacerbating demographic differences in achievement. However, there is still limited knowledge about the malleable factors that contribute to these achievement disparities. This short-term longitudinal study examined one such malleable factor--namely, perceived…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Correlation, Peer Influence, Academic Achievement
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Resnik, Felice; Bellmore, Amy – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2021
As a test of the poor-get-poorer hypothesis, which shows that socially anxious teens are less likely to communicate online and in turn feel less closeness to friends, this study explored whether peer victimization is similarly related to social media involvement. High-school participants (n = 307, M[subscript age] = 15.91) reported about their…
Descriptors: Peer Groups, Bullying, Safety, Social Media
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McKellar, Sarah E.; Ryan, Allison M.; Messman, Elizabeth A.; Brass, Nicole R.; Laninga-Wijnen, Lydia – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2021
This study investigated how two aspects of the classroom environment (teachers' emphasis on mastery goals and descriptive norms (i.e., the average student disruptive, prosocial, and achievement-related behavior in a classroom), moderated the relationship between student behaviors and coolness. The sample included 976 students nested in 54 fifth-…
Descriptors: Mastery Learning, Correlation, Grade 6, Prosocial Behavior
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Yao, Zhuojun; Enright, Robert – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2021
The current research used longitudinal data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1,103) to examine the developmental autoregressive cascades of prosocial behavior, academic competence, and peer exclusion in Grades 3-6. The cascade paths revealed that Grade 3…
Descriptors: Models, Student Development, Prosocial Behavior, Peer Relationship
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Humphrey, Tamara; Vaillancourt, Tracy – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2021
Numerous studies consider competition and jealousy within an evolutionary framework, yet less is known about the relation between aggression vis-à-vis hypercompetitiveness (i.e., competing to win) and jealousy. We investigated the longitudinal relations between hypercompetitiveness, jealousy, and aggression and the moderating role of gender in a…
Descriptors: Competition, Aggression, Secondary School Students, Peer Relationship
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Tighe, Lauren A.; Davis-Kean, Pamela E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2021
Research in developmental psychology often contains samples where education and income are highly related. This study examines characteristics of low-income families who have at least one parent with a college education and how their children's achievement and parenting practices compare to other types of families. Using the Early Childhood…
Descriptors: Low Income Groups, Poverty, Educational Attainment, Bachelors Degrees
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Segal, Aviva; Martin-Chang, Sandra; Patel, Shaneha – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2021
While research demonstrates the important role parents play in facilitating children's literacy development, little is known about the knowledge that underpins these exchanges. Here, we examined the association between parents' reading-related knowledge (phonological awareness, knowledge of syllable patterns, and identification of regular and…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Feedback (Response), Writing (Composition), Phonological Awareness
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Kayyal, Mary H.; Widen, Sherri C. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2021
When asked to describe possible elicitors of fear, American children generate more stories about imaginary creatures than realistic ones; Palestinian children generate more realistic than imaginary causes (Kayyal et al., 2015). The current study reversed this task to investigate whether these patterns persist when American (n = 72) and Palestinian…
Descriptors: Fear, Imagination, Cross Cultural Studies, Story Telling
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Evans, Angela D.; Dykstra, Victoria W.; Bruer, Kaila; Price, Heather L. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2021
Lies to benefit the collective are common in adult contexts; however, less is known about children's willingness to lie for the collective. The present study examined 7- to 11-year-old children's tendency to lie to conceal a group transgression. Children (N = 408) participated in a competition in small groups during which the group leaders…
Descriptors: Children, Preadolescents, Deception, Child Behavior
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Persram, Ryan J.; Schwartzman, Emily; Bukowski, William M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2021
The hypothesis that the concurrent associations between friendship features and friendship satisfaction are moderated by security-related experiences within the family was examined with two sets of analyses conducted with a sample of fifth- and sixth-grade students (M = 10.87, SD = 0.73, range 10-13 years). The main hypothesis of the study was…
Descriptors: Correlation, Friendship, Security (Psychology), Satisfaction
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Tunkkari, Mari; Aunola, Kaisa; Hirvonen, Riikka; Silinskas, Gintautas; Kiuru, Noona – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2021
This study examined adolescent and maternal factors of the quality of maternal homework involvement and the extent to which the factors predicted adolescents' subsequent achievement through adolescents' and mothers' perceptions of the quality of maternal homework involvement. The sample consisted of 847 Finnish adolescents and their 662 mothers…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Participation, Parent Child Relationship, Homework
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Morrow, Michael T.; Hubbard, Julie A.; Bookhout, Megan K.; Grassetti, Stevie N.; Docimo, Marissa A.; Swift, Lauren E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2021
Childhood peer victimization is prevalent and harmful; thus, it is critical to carefully assess this construct. We extended an existing measure to create the Forms of Peer Victimization Scale (FPVS), which assesses multiple forms of peer victimization via self and teacher report. Participants included 1,440 fourth- and fifth-grade children (50%…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Test Validity, Peer Relationship, Victims
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Katz, Rachel C.; Easterbrooks, M. Ann – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2020
This study investigated associations between child care participation and socioemotional and language development of children born to adolescent mothers. Participants were 704 mothers and their children (mean age = 24 months) enrolled in a randomized controlled-trial evaluation of a voluntary statewide home visiting program for first-time young…
Descriptors: Child Care, Mothers, Early Parenthood, Adolescents
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Walls, Jill K.; Pellerin, Lisa – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2020
The present study used a subsample of 450 children from the ECLS-B data set to examine longitudinal associations between multiple features of nonparental care at age 2 and socioemotional development at kindergarten entry, taking into account parents' attitudes and behaviors, family composition, poverty status, and child characteristics.…
Descriptors: Surveys, Longitudinal Studies, Kindergarten, School Readiness
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