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Vaillancourt, Tracy; Brittain, Heather; Haltigan, John D.; Ostrov, Jamie M.; Muir, Cameron – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
We examined whether the moderating role of cortisol in the relation between physical peer victimization and physical aggression was better accounted for by a diathesis-stress model or a differential susceptibility model using a multi-informant approach (direct observations, teacher reports, and parent reports) of 198 preschool-aged children…
Descriptors: Correlation, Aggression, Child Care, Teacher Attitudes
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Breslend, Nicole Lafko; Shoulberg, Erin K.; Wagner, Caitlin; Murray-Close, Dianna; Holterman, Leigh Ann – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
The purpose of the current investigation was to examine if autonomic nervous system reactivity moderated the association between relational victimization and two established outcomes of peer maltreatment, anxious/depressive symptoms and anxious rejection sensitivity. A total of 119 female (M[subscript age] = 12.47, SD[subscript age] = 1.96)…
Descriptors: Correlation, Victims, Stress Variables, Physiology
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McIver, Theresa A.; Bosma, Rachael L.; Sandre, Aislinn; Goegan, Sarah; Klassen, Janell A.; Chiarella, Julian; Booij, Linda; Craig, Wendy – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
Peer victimization is associated with increased risk for mental health problems. These adverse psychological outcomes are linked with altered cognitive and emotional processes and their related neural functioning. In the present study, by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we examined whether peer victimization was associated with…
Descriptors: Peer Acceptance, Rejection (Psychology), Social Isolation, Risk
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Arana, Allyson A.; Boyd, Erin Q.; Guarneri-White, Maria; Iyer-Eimerbrink, Priya; Dougall, Angela Liegey; Jensen-Campbell, Lauri – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
Depressive symptoms, somatic complaints, and circulating levels of inflammatory biomarkers interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were examined as correlates of social and physical peer victimization in an ethnically diverse sample of adolescents (N = 91) using a multi-informant approach. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that…
Descriptors: Victims, Adolescents, Peer Relationship, Aggression
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Ungvary, Stephen; McDonald, Kristina L.;; Gibson, Carolyn E.; Glenn, Andrea L.; Reijntjes, Albert – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
The goal of this study was to examine how individual differences in physiological arousal and reactivity moderated the relation between peer victimization and reactive and proactive aggression. Participants were 58 adolescents (61.2% boys; 54.9% African American) in the age range of 12--15. Participants self-reported peer victimization, reactive…
Descriptors: Victims, Aggression, Peer Relationship, Individual Differences
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Varga, Colleen M.; Gee, Christina B. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
The study of adolescent childbearing is a major public policy concern in the United States, and father involvement is particularly important. The current study examined 94 African American and Latino adolescent mothers and their children's fathers (47 co-parents) to determine whether co-parenting was a better predictor of father involvement than…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Early Parenthood, African Americans, Hispanic Americans
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Marcus, Maria; Haden, Catherine A.; Uttal, David H. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
This study addressed whether providing mothers and children with engineering information would promote science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) talk during interactions in a building-construction exhibit and later when remembering the experience at home. A total of 40 mothers and their 5- to 6-year-old children (M = 5.87) were…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Museums, Mothers, Young Children
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Wildeboer, Andrea; Thijssen, Sandra; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.; Jaddoe, Vincent W. V.; White, Tonya; Tiemeier, Henning; Van IJzendoorn, Marinus H. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
This study examined dispositional and situational correlates of donating behavior in a sample of 221 eight-year-old children. Children were shown a promotional clip for a charity, including a donation call. For a random half of the children, the video fragment ended with a probe of a same-sex peer donating money to the charity. Seeing a peer…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Child Behavior, Interpersonal Relationship, Personality
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Field, Ryan D.; Martin, Carol Lynn; Andrews, Naomi C. Z.; England, Dawn E.; Zosuls, Kristina M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
The goal was to assess the role of children's social cognitions about peers in attitudes toward school. Because of gender segregation, we differentiated children's cognitions about same-gender and other-gender peers. We examined the influence of gender-based relationship efficacy for both own-gender and other-gender peers (GBRE-Own and GBRE-Other)…
Descriptors: School Attitudes, Social Cognition, Gender Differences, Peer Relationship
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Garcia, Aileen S.; Ren, Lixin; Esteraich, Jan M.; Raikes, Helen H. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
This study was designed to examine whether parenting stress and child behavioral problems are significant predictors of parent-child conflict in the context of low-income families and how these relations are moderated by maternal nativity. The authors conducted multiple regression analyses to examine relations between teachers' report of…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Behavior Problems, Parents, Anxiety
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Rohlf, Helena; Busching, Robert; Krahé, Barbara – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
This study examined the prospective links between maladaptive anger regulation and aggressive behavior in middle childhood over a 10-month period, analyzing the mediating influence of peer problems. Participants were 599 elementary school children in Germany, aged 6-10 years at Time 1 (T1) and 7-11 years at Time 2 (T2). Anger regulation at T1 was…
Descriptors: Correlation, Longitudinal Studies, Peer Relationship, Aggression
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Goodlett, Benjamin D.; Trentacosta, Christopher J.; McLear, Caitlin; Crespo, Laura; Wheeler, Rebecca; Williams, Alexis; Chaudhry, Kiren; Smith-Darden, Joanne – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
Maternal depressive symptoms predict negative child behaviors, including internalizing problems. However, protective factors, such as positive emotionality and positive parenting behaviors, may play an important a role in attenuating associations between maternal depressive symptoms and child behavior problems. This article presents two studies…
Descriptors: Mothers, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), At Risk Persons
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Ondersma, Steven J.; McGoron, Lucy; Beatty, Jessica R. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
Child maltreatment is associated with increased risk of substance abuse in adulthood. However, prior investigations have not examined substance use specifically in pregnancy and have relied on self-report of substance use. The present study addresses these gaps via secondary analysis of 295 primarily low-income, Black postpartum women who agreed…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, At Risk Persons, Substance Abuse, Low Income Groups
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King, Thomas; McKean, Cristina; Rush, Robert; Westrupp, Elizabeth M.; Mensah, Fiona K.; Reilly, Sheena; Law, James – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
Maternal education captured at a single time point is commonly employed as a predictor of a child's cognitive development. In this article, we ask what bearing the acquisition of additional qualifications has upon reading performance in middle childhood. This was a secondary analysis of the United Kingdom's Millennium Cohort Study, a cohort of…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Children
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Delonis, M. Susan; Beeghly, Marjorie; Irwin, Jessica L. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017
Very preterm birth (<32 weeks of gestation) heightens the risk for developmental and behavioral problems, but individual outcomes vary greatly. We evaluated whether mother-toddler dyadic interaction quality, assessed longitudinally at 14, 20, and 30 months (corrected), could account for unique variance in very preterm and full-term children's…
Descriptors: Mothers, Toddlers, Parent Child Relationship, Predictor Variables
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