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Peer reviewed

Arndt, A. B. – Mathematics Teacher, 1983

Facts are given about the ninth-century Arab mathematician Al-Khwarizmi, from whose name the word algorithm is derived. His influence on algebra and arithmetic are discussed. (MNS)

Descriptors: Algebra, Algorithms, Arithmetic, Biographies

Peer reviewed

Lightner, James E. – Mathematics Teacher, 1991

The historical development of probability theory is traced from its early origins in games of chance through its mathematical foundations in the work of Pascal and Fermat. The roots of statistics are also presented beginning with early actuarial developments through the work of Laplace, Gauss, and others. (MDH)

Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Game Theory, Mathematics Education, Mathematics History

Peer reviewed

Maynard, Jacquelyn – Mathematics Teacher, 1989

Discusses Napoleon's involvement with mathematics and education. Describes two geometric constructions dividing the circumference of a circle into four equal parts and finding the center of a given circle. Summarizes the establishment of the Institute of Egypt and the educational system in France. Twenty-seven references are listed. (YP)

Descriptors: Geometric Constructions, Geometry, History, Mathematicians

Peer reviewed

Crowley, Mary L. – Mathematics Teacher, 1985

Discoveries of Charles Babbage in the 1800s are described. Origins of the difference engine, his calculating machine, the principles of computation applied to tables, and the design and construction of his engine are included. (MNS)

Descriptors: Computation, Computers, Mathematics, Mathematics Education

Peer reviewed

Kimberling, Clark – Mathematics Teacher, 1982

A brief history of Amalie Emmy Noether is presented, citing many of her contributions to mathematics and physics. Major credit for the development of modern algebra should probably be given to her. Reference is made to Noether's theorem and Noetherian Rings. (MP)

Descriptors: Biographical Inventories, Biographies, Females, Mathematical Concepts