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Domanico, Ray – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2019
Charter schools have become a significant part of the education sector in New York City since enabling legislation was passed in 1999. They now educate 123,000 students, or 10% of all public school students in the city, in 236 schools. The state law that allows the creation and funding of charter schools limits the number of charters that can be…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Urban Schools, School Effectiveness, Public Schools
Akers, Beth; Dancy, Kim; Delisle, Jason – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2019
In 2015, Lumina Foundation introduced the Rule of Ten, a new method for assessing college affordability for students in the U.S. The rule rests on the assumption that an "affordable" cost for college should not exceed the total of: (1) what a student and his family can save by putting away 10% of their income for the 10 years before…
Descriptors: Student Costs, Paying for College, Debt (Financial), Student Loan Programs
Eden, Max – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2019
In December 2018, the Trump administration rescinded the Department of Education's 2014 "Dear Colleague Letter" (DCL), thus returning to local school districts and boards their traditional authority to set discipline policy. Although it was frequently described as "nonbinding guidance," the DCL was anything but. Instead, the…
Descriptors: School Safety, Educational Environment, School Policy, Discipline Policy
Domanico, Ray – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2019
By law, a student's admission to one of New York City's eight elite high schools is determined by his or her score on the Specialized High School Admissions Test (SHSAT). Only a very small number of black and Hispanic students make the cut, a fact that has led Mayor Bill de Blasio to engineer what he regards as a more equitable racial distribution…
Descriptors: Special Schools, High Schools, Urban Schools, Private Schools
Berner, Ashley Rogers – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2019
For more than a century, public education in the U.S. has been defined as schools that are funded, regulated, and exclusively delivered by government. The past 25 years have brought some diversified forms of delivery through charter schools and various private-school scholarship mechanisms. Nevertheless, most discussions and debates over school…
Descriptors: Public Education, Educational Change, Nontraditional Education, Educational Finance
Cass, Oren – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2019
The American education system and labor market are heavily biased toward college graduates. However, for many Americans--perhaps even the majority, who do not earn even a community-college degree--and for many career paths, positions that combine immediate on-the-job experience with employer-sponsored training offer the best opportunity to enter…
Descriptors: Labor Force Development, Trainees, Corporate Education, On the Job Training
DiSalvo, Daniel – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2019
After many years of labor peace, public school teachers have engaged in strikes and work stoppages in record numbers during the past two years. Chief among the demands of striking teachers was higher pay. Discontent was also expressed with working conditions, which teachers and their unions connected to flat or declining state spending on…
Descriptors: Public School Teachers, Unions, Teacher Strikes, Teacher Salaries
Delisle, John – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2019
The federal student loan program is needlessly complex, fails to offer an effective safety net for borrowers in financial difficulty, and distributes the largest benefits to borrowers who need them the least. Worse, the safety net designed to support borrowers in financial difficulty, income-based repayment (IBR), has failed to meaningfully reduce…
Descriptors: Debt (Financial), Student Loan Programs, Federal Aid, Federal Programs
Akers, Beth – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2019
Today, costs loom large in public discussions about the problems in higher education. That's no wonder. Tuition at four-year private colleges has grown at an average annual rate of 2.3% above inflation over the past 10 years. Four-year public and two-year institutions have seen similar trends, with tuition growing at an annual rate of 3.1% and…
Descriptors: College Students, Paying for College, Tuition, Risk
Winters, Marcus A. – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2019
Urban public school districts in the U.S. vary in quality. Educational policies, distribution of resources, and the challenges that students bring to the classroom differ substantially across localities. Little surprise, then, that academic outcomes--such as high school graduation rates and average school performance on standardized…
Descriptors: Quality Control, Educational Quality, Urban Schools, Public Schools
Winters, Marcus A. – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2019
School closure is relatively common in the United States. An analysis by the Urban Institute found that about 2% of public schools, on average, were closed each year between 2003 and 2013, and these closures were found in urban, suburban, and rural communities. A substantial number of public schools have been closed in Michigan, California, Ohio,…
Descriptors: School Effectiveness, Failure, School Closing, School Turnaround
Morgan, Gretchen – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2019
Many people have studied and written about Switzerland's youth apprenticeship system, and there are good reasons to do so. The Swiss economy has been called the most innovative in the world. Switzerland's students significantly outperform U.S. students in scholastic achievement. Its youth unemployment rate is lower than in the United States.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Apprenticeships, Youth Programs, Job Training
Lenz, Jimmie – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2019
In 1965, the federal government passed the Higher Education Act (HEA), which paved the way for today's federal student loan program. Much of the policy debate about student loans centers on the amount of debt that has already been issued, escalating default rates, and what can be done to make repayment more affordable. But often overlooked in this…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Federal Aid, Student Loan Programs, Loan Repayment
Fellows, Marcus A. – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2018
This report evaluates the current state of research on New York City charter schools. Overall, their effect on student performance is unambiguously positive.The research however, is more dated and limited in scope than proponents and critics of charters appreciate. While the research on charter schools across the U.S. is growing, this paper…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Program Effectiveness, Urban Schools, School Effectiveness
Sahm, Charles – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2018
Charter schools have become an important part of the public education landscape in New York City. In the 2017-18 school year, there were 227 charters educating 114,000 students, about 10% of the city's schoolchildren. The strong academic achievement of students in these schools, as well as parental demand, points to the need for more charter…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Educational History, School Buildings, Government Role
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