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Hohman, James M.; Cammenga, Janelle – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2016
Public school districts are government entities, but they rely on the private sector to support their function of delivering educational services to students. Private contractors, for example, construct district buildings, write textbooks and manufacture the supplies necessary to keep the district operational, among other things. And over the past…
Descriptors: School Surveys, State Surveys, Privatization, Public Schools
Hohman, James M.; Woodman, Zachary D. – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2014
In 2003, when it came to contracting out for common public school services, only outsourcing food provision could be considered a rather common occurrence in Michigan. There was good reason for this: school districts are prohibited from making a profit from their cafeteria, but any deficits created in providing food for students must be covered by…
Descriptors: Privatization, Public Schools, School Districts, Outsourcing
Hohman, James M.; Fryzelka, Evan E. – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2014
Many of Michigan's public school districts are under substantial fiscal pressures from a combination of declining enrollment and increasing costs, particularly related to employee benefits, but most districts are responding to these challenges. One of the ways that districts can stretch their resources further is through competitive contracting…
Descriptors: Privatization, Public Schools, School Districts, Outsourcing
Hohman, James M.; Kollmeyer, Josiah M. – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2013
Michigan's School Aid fund increased once more this year, but many school administrators in the state continue to hunt for effective measures to reduce spending due to increased pension costs and phased-out stimulus money. Many options available for trimming costs, such as enacting pay-to-play for sports, are extremely unpopular for districts and…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Educational Opportunities, School Districts, Privatization
Hohman, James M.; Kollmeyer, Josiah M. – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2011
Michigan school districts face tough choices allocating their resources to provide students with an education. Despite increased spending in Michigan schools, school boards regularly have to find ways to trim expenses, and sometimes that means lowering employment benefits, eliminating positions and other moves that few school board members enjoy.…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, School Districts, Privatization, Student Transportation
Hohman, James M.; Anderson, Dustin D. – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2010
Privatization of support services has been a method that Michigan school districts have used for several years to lower costs. More than ever before, Michigan school districts are privatizing the three main support services they offer--food, custodial and transportation. The annual survey finds that 48.8 percent of Michigan school districts are…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, School Districts, Privatization, Student Transportation
Hohman, James M.; Imhoff, Eric R. – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2009
With Michigan's public school districts facing a decline in per-pupil funding, more districts are contracting out for at least one of the three major school support services--food, custodial and transportation--than ever before. This year's survey of school districts found that 44.6 percent of all Michigan school districts contract out for at…
Descriptors: Economic Climate, Counties, Unions, State Legislation
Hohman, James M.; Freeland, William L. E. – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2008
Privatization of school support services is a time-tested means for lowering educational costs. The three major services that school districts in Michigan contract out for are food, custodial and transportation. The Mackinac Center for Public Policy's survey of privatization is the longest running and most comprehensive source of school support…
Descriptors: Counties, Unions, State Legislation, Competition
Smith, Daniel J.; LaFaive, Michael D. – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2007
From April 25 through June 30, 2007, the Mackinac Center for Public Policy conducted its fifth survey of the privatization of bus, food and janitorial services among Michigan's 552 conventional public school districts. All Michigan school districts responded. In 2007, the Mackinac Center also conducted a nationwide survey of state education…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Food Service, School Districts, Privatization
LaFaive, Michael D. – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2007
The landscape of public education in Michigan has changed dramatically over the last 13 years. Most districts receive a majority of their operating money from state government, not local taxes. Charter schools and nearby districts lure students away from local schools and capture the state money that goes with them. Districts are even subject to…
Descriptors: Privatization, Educational Finance, School Districts, Public Education