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Hohman, James M.; Cammenga, Janelle – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2016
Public school districts are government entities, but they rely on the private sector to support their function of delivering educational services to students. Private contractors, for example, construct district buildings, write textbooks and manufacture the supplies necessary to keep the district operational, among other things. And over the past…
Descriptors: School Surveys, State Surveys, Privatization, Public Schools
Hohman, James M.; Woodman, Zachary D. – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2014
In 2003, when it came to contracting out for common public school services, only outsourcing food provision could be considered a rather common occurrence in Michigan. There was good reason for this: school districts are prohibited from making a profit from their cafeteria, but any deficits created in providing food for students must be covered by…
Descriptors: Privatization, Public Schools, School Districts, Outsourcing
Hohman, James M.; Fryzelka, Evan E. – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2014
Many of Michigan's public school districts are under substantial fiscal pressures from a combination of declining enrollment and increasing costs, particularly related to employee benefits, but most districts are responding to these challenges. One of the ways that districts can stretch their resources further is through competitive contracting…
Descriptors: Privatization, Public Schools, School Districts, Outsourcing
Spalding, Audrey – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2013
This study examines the use of Schools of Choice throughout Michigan over the last decade. Nearly 100,000 Michigan students use Schools of Choice to attend a school outside of the district in which they live. Participation has grown steadily, with enrollment growing by 144 percent over the past 10 years. This study finds that students enter…
Descriptors: Public Schools, School Choice, Student Participation, Enrollment Rate
Hohman, James M.; Imhoff, Eric R. – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2009
With Michigan's public school districts facing a decline in per-pupil funding, more districts are contracting out for at least one of the three major school support services--food, custodial and transportation--than ever before. This year's survey of school districts found that 44.6 percent of all Michigan school districts contract out for at…
Descriptors: Economic Climate, Counties, Unions, State Legislation
Hohman, James M.; Freeland, William L. E. – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2008
Privatization of school support services is a time-tested means for lowering educational costs. The three major services that school districts in Michigan contract out for are food, custodial and transportation. The Mackinac Center for Public Policy's survey of privatization is the longest running and most comprehensive source of school support…
Descriptors: Counties, Unions, State Legislation, Competition
Smith, Daniel J.; LaFaive, Michael D. – Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2007
From April 25 through June 30, 2007, the Mackinac Center for Public Policy conducted its fifth survey of the privatization of bus, food and janitorial services among Michigan's 552 conventional public school districts. All Michigan school districts responded. In 2007, the Mackinac Center also conducted a nationwide survey of state education…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Food Service, School Districts, Privatization