NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
Showing 1 to 15 of 231 results Save | Export
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Peckford, Genieve; McRae, Samantha M.; Thorpe, Christina M.; Martin, Gerard M.; Skinner, Darlene M. – Learning and Motivation, 2013
When trained to locate a hidden platform in a T-maze moved between two positions, rats appear to adopt a conditional strategy based on start point discrimination. To determine if location cues or orientation cues at the start point underlie this discrimination, separate groups of rats were trained on two place problems, each with unique start…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Cues, Animals, Task Analysis
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Winterbauer, Neil E.; Lucke, Sara; Bouton, Mark E. – Learning and Motivation, 2013
In resurgence, an operant behavior that has undergone extinction can return ("resurge") when a second operant that has replaced it itself undergoes extinction. The phenomenon may provide insight into relapse that may occur after incentive or contingency management therapies in humans. Three experiments with rats examined the impact of several…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Operant Conditioning, Contingency Management, Animals
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Redhead, Edward S.; Curtis, Cheryl – Learning and Motivation, 2013
Human contingency learning studies were used to compare the predictions of configural and elemental theories. In two experiments, participants were required to learn which stimuli were associated with an increase in core temperature of a fictitious nuclear plant. Experiments investigated the rate at which a simple negative patterning…
Descriptors: Discrimination Learning, Stimuli, Prediction, Learning Modalities
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Reynolds, Gemma; Reed, Phil – Learning and Motivation, 2013
Stimulus over-selectivity refers to the phenomenon whereby behavior is controlled by a subset of elements in the environment at the expense of other equally salient aspects of the environment. The experiments explored whether this cue interference effect was reduced following a surprising downward shift in reinforcer value. Experiment 1 revealed…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Adults, Stimuli, Selection
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Goddard, Murray J. – Learning and Motivation, 2013
Four experiments with rats examined Pavlovian incubation, in which responding increases when Pavlovian conditioning is followed by a testing delay. In a within-subjects design, Experiment 1 first showed that when a single food pellet unconditioned stimulus (US) signaled the delivery of three additional pellets, responding after the single US was…
Descriptors: Animals, Classical Conditioning, Responses, Stimuli
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Weatherly, Jeffrey N.; Derenne, Adam – Learning and Motivation, 2013
The present study tested whether participants would discount "won" money differently than they would "owed" money in a probability-discounting task. Participants discounted $1000 or $100,000 that they had won in a sweepstakes or that was owed to them using the multiple-choice (Experiment 1) or fill-in-the-blank (Experiment 2) method of collecting…
Descriptors: Probability, Money Management, College Students, Delay of Gratification
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
De la Casa, L. G.; Mena, A.; Orgaz, A.; Fernandez, A. – Learning and Motivation, 2013
Contextual specificity of Latent Inhibition (LI) has been demonstrated using an ample range of experimental procedures. Context dependence has not been consistently obtained, however, when LI has been induced using a Conditioned Taste Aversion (CTA) procedure. This paper presents two experiments designed to analyze whether the context plays the…
Descriptors: Animals, Inhibition, Classical Conditioning, Change
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Kundey, Shannon M. A.; De Los Reyes, Andres; Rowan, James D.; Lee, Bern; Delise, Justin; Molina, Sabrina; Cogdill, Lindsay – Learning and Motivation, 2013
When learning highly organized sequential patterns of information, humans and nonhuman animals learn rules regarding the hierarchical structures of these sequences. In three experiments, we explored the role of working memory in college students' sequential pattern learning and performance in a computerized task involving a sequential…
Descriptors: Performance, College Students, Short Term Memory, Sequential Learning
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Molet, Mikael; Macquet, Benjamin; Charley, Gregory – Learning and Motivation, 2013
Three experiments explored relational responding in evaluative conditioning. In Experiment 1, the participants were trained with a computer task to make relational responses by putting CSs of different sizes in boxes in order of size. Subsequently they were instructed that these different sized CSs represented different intensities of hypothetical…
Descriptors: Conditioning, Responses, Stimuli, Evaluation
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Grieves, Roderick M.; Dudchenko, Paul A. – Learning and Motivation, 2013
Previous work has shown that children are able to make a spatial inference about adjacent locations that have only been experienced indirectly (Hazen, Lockman, & Pick, 1978). We sought to replicate this finding in rats, on a conceptually analogous task. In a first experiment, rats (n = 8) were given 110 training trials on a task in which they…
Descriptors: Cognitive Mapping, Inferences, Spatial Ability, Animals
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
April, L. Brooke; Bruce, Katherine; Galizio, Mark – Learning and Motivation, 2013
The olfactory span task (OST) uses an incrementing non-matching to sample procedure such that the number of stimuli to remember increases during the session. The number of consecutive correct responses (span length) and percent correct as a function of the memory load have been viewed as defining rodent working memory capacity limitations in…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Responses, Familiarity, Performance
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Ortega, Leonardo A.; Prado-Rivera, Mayerli A.; Cardenas-Poveda, D. Carolina; McLinden, Kristina A.; Glueck, Amanda C.; Gutierrez, German; Lamprea, Marisol R.; Papini, Mauricio R. – Learning and Motivation, 2013
The present research explored the effects of restraint stress on two situations involving incentive downshift: consummatory successive negative contrast (cSNC) and extinction of escape behavior in the Barnes maze. First, Experiment 1 confirmed that the restraint stress procedure used in these experiments increased levels of circulating…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Animals, Stress Variables, Restraints (Vehicle Safety)
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Gomez-Sancho, Luis E.; Fernandez-Serra, Francisco; Arias, M. Francisca – Learning and Motivation, 2013
Summation is the usual result in composition procedures with excitatory stimuli. However, summation is difficult to obtain in autoshaping with pigeons. The problems with this preparation have been related to the stimuli used: combinations of intramodal conditioned stimuli (CSs). During the perceptual processing of this type of stimuli, some mutual…
Descriptors: Animals, Stimuli, Interference (Learning), Conditioning
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Glaser, Tina; Walther, Eva – Learning and Motivation, 2013
The present two studies investigated whether semantic as well as evaluative stimulus aspects can be conditioned to neutral stimuli. In Study 1, pictures of large and small objects were paired with neutral stimuli (conditioned stimuli (CSs)). The subsequently assessed size and likeability ratings indicated that valence as well as size was…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Conditioning, Concept Formation, Pictorial Stimuli
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Tomash, J. J.; Reed, Phil – Learning and Motivation, 2013
Previous attempts at lie detection, such as the polygraph, have relied on physiological arousal to identify deception--but these responses have not proven to be as reliable as is necessary for widespread use. Conditioning procedures have been shown to increase the discriminative physiological arousal exhibited during deception, but have targeted…
Descriptors: Conditioning, Deception, Generalization, Physiology
Previous Page | Next Page ยป
Pages: 1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  ...  |  16