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Showing 1 to 15 of 559 results Save | Export
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Yeniad, Nihal; Malda, Maike; Mesman, Judi; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Pieper, Suzanne – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
Empirical evidence on the association between the shifting component of executive functioning and academic performance is equivocal. In two meta-analyses children's shifting ability is examined in relation to their performance in math (k = 18, N = 2330) and reading (k = 16, N = 2266). Shifting ability was significantly and equally associated with…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Intelligence, Reading Skills, Mathematics Skills
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Reimann, Giselle; Gut, Janine; Frischknecht, Marie-Claire; Grob, Alexander – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
The present study investigated cognitive abilities in children with difficulties in mathematics only (n = 48, M = 8 years and 5 months), combined mathematical and language difficulty (n = 27, M = 8 years and 1 month) and controls (n = 783, M = 7 years and 11 months). Cognitive abilities were measured with seven subtests, tapping visual perception,…
Descriptors: Children, Cognitive Ability, Mathematics, Learning Disabilities
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Giofre, David; Mammarella, Irene C.; Ronconi, Lucia; Cornoldi, Cesare – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
A study was conducted on the involvement of visuospatial working memory (VSWM) in intuitive geometry and in school performance in geometry at secondary school. A total of 166 pupils were administered: (1) six VSWM tasks, comprising simple storage and complex span tasks; and (2) the intuitive geometry task devised by Dehaene, Izard, Pica, and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Geometry, Path Analysis, Short Term Memory
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Robinson, Katherine M.; Dube, Adam K. – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
This study investigated the promotion of children's understanding and acquisition of arithmetic concepts and the effects of inhibitory skills. Children in Grades 3, 4, and 5 solved two sets of three-term addition and subtraction problems (e.g., 3 + 24 - 24, 3 + 24 - 22) and completed an inhibition task. Half of the participants received a…
Descriptors: Mathematical Concepts, Addition, Subtraction, Inhibition
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Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Self Efficacy, Measures (Individuals)
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Laski, Elida V.; Casey, Beth M.; Yu, Qingyi; Dulaney, Alana; Heyman, Miriam; Dearing, Eric – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
Girls are more likely than boys to use counting strategies rather than higher-level mental strategies to solve arithmetic problems. Prior research suggests that dependence on counting strategies may have negative implications for girls' later math achievement. We investigated the relation between first-grade girls' verbal and spatial skills and…
Descriptors: Females, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Spatial Ability
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Pressler, Anna-Lena; Krajewski, Kristin; Hasselhorn, Marcus – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether preschool children with limitations in the visual or phonological working memory are disadvantaged in the acquisition of school relevant precursor skills at school entry. A sample of 92 children was divided into three subgroups depending on their performance in visual and phonological working…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Short Term Memory, Skill Development, Language Skills
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Stupnisky, Robert H.; Perry, Raymond P.; Renaud, Robert D.; Hladkyj, Steve – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
Previous research has found perceived academic control (PAC) to be a better predictor of first-year college students' grades than self-esteem; however, it is uncertain which construct is more important for students' well-being. The current study compared PAC and self-esteem on first-year college students' emotions, perceived stress, and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Grades (Scholastic), Well Being, Physical Health
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Zhao, Qin; Zhang, Jie; Vance, Kaleigh – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
The current research examines whether and how beliefs about intelligence moderate the effects of expecting rapid feedback on exam performance. Thirty-six undergraduates participated in a field experiment with two between-subjects independent variables: anticipated feedback proximity and beliefs about intelligence. The results show that expecting…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Beliefs, Intelligence, Feedback (Response)
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Michou, Aikaterini; Mouratidis, Athanasios; Lens, Willy; Vansteenkiste, Maarten – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
In this correlational research, we investigated to what extent achievement goals, in conjunction with need for achievement and fear of failure as well as perceived classroom goal structures, are related to learning strategies among upper elementary school students. After taking into account students' tendency to respond in a socially desirable…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Failure, Achievement Need, Learning Strategies
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Wang, Yi; Cullen, Kristin L.; Yao, Xiang; Li, Yixuan – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
When transitioning to college freshmen must behave proactively in order to strive for success in their collegiate careers and their future life. Past research has mainly focused on the academic strategies of freshmen when investigating the predictors of successful college transition and has paid little attention to students' social strategies. The…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Personality, Social Behavior, Personality Traits
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Hornstra, Lisette; van der Veen, Ineke; Peetsma, Thea; Volman, Monique – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
To gain insight in developmental trajectories of motivation during upper primary school, the present study focused on how different aspects of students' motivation, i.e., task-orientation, self-efficacy, and school investment develop from grade three to six of primary school and how these developments differ for boys and girls, and students with…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Dagnino, Francesca Maria; Ballauri, Margherita; Benigno, Vincenza; Caponetto, Ilaria; Pesenti, Elia – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
This paper presents the results of preliminary research on the assessment of reasoning abilities in primary school poor achievers vs. normal achievers using computer game tasks. Subjects were evaluated by means of cognitive assessment on logical abilities and academic skills. The aim of this study is to better understand the relationship between…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Elementary School Students, Low Achievement, Computer Games
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Grunschel, Carola; Patrzek, Justine; Fries, Stefan – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
In this study, we explored whether there are different types of academic delayers (i.e., types of students who delay academic tasks). Latent profile analysis based on 554 university students' reasons for academic delay revealed four distinct types: inconspicuous, successful pressure-seeking, worried/anxious, and discontent with studies. The types…
Descriptors: College Students, Student Behavior, Time Management, Self Management
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Magi, Katrin; Torppa, Minna; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
A latent profile analysis approach was used to examine the developmental profiles of task-avoidant behaviour and reading skills in Grades 1 and 2, as well as their antecedents in kindergarten. The participants in this study were 448 children. Four different developmental profiles of task-avoidant behaviour and reading skills were identified. Our…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Grade 2, Elementary School Students, Kindergarten
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