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Mariage, Troy V.; Englert, Carol Sue; Mariage, Mary F. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
This exploratory case study used a mixed-methods pre-/post-intervention design to study the impact of an intervention on reading comprehension, annotation, and discussion quality. Five third-grade struggling readers who were part of a Tier 2 reading comprehension group were apprenticed into holding close-reading discussions of informational text.…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Elementary School Students, Intervention, Instructional Effectiveness
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Xin, Yan Ping; Chiu, Ming Ming; Tzur, Ron; Ma, Xiaojun; Park, Joo Young; Yang, Xuan – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
Informed by a constructivist-based, student-adaptive pedagogical approach, this study explores the benefits of teacher-learner discourse moves for the mathematics learning of students with learning disabilities (LD). During a constructivist teaching experiment for nurturing the multiplicative reasoning and problem solving of five third-grade…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Mathematical Logic, Students with Disabilities, Learning Disabilities
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Cook, Sara Cothren; Collins, Lauren W.; Morin, Lisa L.; Riccomini, Paul J. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
The purpose of this review is to determine the evidence base classification of schema-based instruction (SBI) as an intervention to improve word problem-solving outcomes in mathematics for students with learning or mathematics disabilities in Grades K-12. Using the Council for Exceptional Children's quality indicators (QIs) and standards, we…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Schemata (Cognition), Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Brawand, Anne; King-Sears, Margaret E.; Evmenova, Anya S.; Regan, Kelley – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
Schema-based instruction (SBI) was used to teach nine middle school students with high-incidence disabilities (HID) to solve proportional reasoning word problems. A multiple-baseline-across-groups design was used to determine student understanding of the SBI process. The design consisted of three phases including baseline, SBI process, and…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Students with Disabilities, Logical Thinking, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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O'Connor, Rollanda E.; Beach, Kristen D.; Sanchez, Victoria M.; Kim, Joyce J.; Knight-Teague, Kerri; Orozco, Guadalupe; Jones, Brian T. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Adolescents with disabilities have great difficulty with academic content in middle school, and their teachers have difficulty teaching them to understand and use academic language. We taught teachers of sixth-grade students with learning disabilities, more than half of whom were also English language learners (ELLs), to implement about 15 min of…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Grade 6, Academic Language, Vocabulary
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Kong, Jennifer E.; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
English learners (ELs) experience difficulty with mathematical problem solving because word problems require complex processes beyond basic math skills, such as the use of linguistic information, identifying relevant information, and constructing the appropriate problem statement. This study used a combined multiple baseline design and criterion…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, English Language Learners, Difficulty Level
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Shen, Mei; Troia, Gary A. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2018
This study used a multiple-probe, multiple-baseline single-case design to investigate the efficacy of planning, and then revising strategy instruction using self-regulated strategy development on the compare-contrast writing performance of three late elementary students with language-learning disabilities. After receiving the planning instruction,…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Children, Language Acquisition, Language Impairments
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McGrath, Allison L.; Hughes, Marie Tejero – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2018
Students with learning disabilities (LD) often receive instruction in general education science classrooms. However, little is known about the academic success of students with LD in this setting. As inquiry-based science instruction has become more prominent, research focusing on student learning is needed to explore how such instruction meets…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Inquiry, Active Learning, Success
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Cook, Sara Cothren; Rao, Kavita – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2018
Based on the premise that instruction should be designed from the outset to reduce barriers, Universal Design for Learning (UDL) guidelines provide a set of flexible options and scaffolds to ensure access for all learners. Using the UDL framework, teachers and researchers can systematically adapt effective practices that have been established by…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Best Practices, Access to Education, Guidelines
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Marita, Samantha; Hord, Casey – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2017
Recent educational policy has raised the standards that all students, including students with disabilities, must meet in mathematics. To examine the strategies currently used to support students with learning disabilities, the authors reviewed literature from 2006 to 2014 on mathematics interventions for students with learning disabilities. The 12…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, High School Students, Learning Disabilities, Secondary School Mathematics
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Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Bartlett, Brendan J.; Popadopoulou, Eleni; Santoro, Julia – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
One hundred twenty-five primary-grade teachers randomly selected from across the United States indicated how frequently they made 20 instructional adaptations for the struggling writers in their classroom. The measure of frequency ranged from never, several times a year, monthly, weekly, several times a week, and daily. Using a 6-point Likert-type…
Descriptors: Writing Difficulties, Writing Instruction, Writing Teachers, Instructional Innovation
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McKenna, John William; Shin, Mikyung; Ciullo, Stephen – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2015
Systematically observing instruction for students with learning disabilities (LD) provides information regarding the quality of school-based interventions, allocation of instructional time, and other implementation variables associated with student outcomes. In this synthesis, observation studies of reading and mathematics instruction from 2000 to…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Reading Instruction, Learning Disabilities, Observation
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Helman, Amanda L.; Calhoon, Mary Beth; Kern, Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2015
This study investigated the effects of a combined contextual and morphemic analysis strategy to increase prediction and analysis of science vocabulary words by three high school (9th--10th grade) English language learners with reading disabilities. A multiple baseline across participants design was used. Students analyzed science words using the…
Descriptors: Prediction, Vocabulary, Science Instruction, Reading Difficulties
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Powell, Sarah R.; Driver, Melissa K. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2015
Researchers and practitioners indicate students require explicit instruction on mathematics vocabulary terms, yet no study has examined the effects of an embedded vocabulary component within mathematics tutoring for early elementary students. First-grade students with mathematics difficulty (MD; n = 98) were randomly assigned to addition tutoring…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Vocabulary, Tutoring, Elementary School Students
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Ashworth, Kristen E.; Pullen, Paige C. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2015
The purpose of this study was to compare the results of a regression discontinuity design (RDD) with those of an experimental design of a tiered vocabulary intervention for children at risk for reading disability to determine RDD's feasibility as a research methodology for this type of study. Researchers reanalyzed an archival dataset of a…
Descriptors: Vocabulary, Intervention, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties
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