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Mariage, Troy V.; Englert, Carol Sue; Mariage, Mary F. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
This exploratory case study used a mixed-methods pre-/post-intervention design to study the impact of an intervention on reading comprehension, annotation, and discussion quality. Five third-grade struggling readers who were part of a Tier 2 reading comprehension group were apprenticed into holding close-reading discussions of informational text.…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Elementary School Students, Intervention, Instructional Effectiveness
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Xin, Yan Ping; Chiu, Ming Ming; Tzur, Ron; Ma, Xiaojun; Park, Joo Young; Yang, Xuan – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
Informed by a constructivist-based, student-adaptive pedagogical approach, this study explores the benefits of teacher-learner discourse moves for the mathematics learning of students with learning disabilities (LD). During a constructivist teaching experiment for nurturing the multiplicative reasoning and problem solving of five third-grade…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Mathematical Logic, Students with Disabilities, Learning Disabilities
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Stockard, Jean – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
This article examined the extent to which administrative decisions that affected the implementation fidelity of Direct Instruction programs were related to student achievement. Data from three studies showed that administrative decisions that disregarded recommended protocols regarding teacher training, teacher preparation, and student schedules…
Descriptors: Direct Instruction, Program Implementation, Decision Making, Academic Achievement
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Chaparro, Erin A.; Smolkowski, Keith; Jackson, Kathleen Ryan – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
Oregon's Effective Behavioral and Instructional Support Systems (EBISS) initiative was implemented in 25 school districts. The initiative trained and coached district leaders and teachers in the use of the EBISS model through the lens of implementation science. The EBISS model integrates school-wide positive behavior intervention and supports…
Descriptors: Positive Behavior Supports, State Programs, Coaching (Performance), Professional Development
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Maki, Kathrin E.; Adams, Sarah R. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
Specific learning disabilities (SLD) identification has consistently been shown to be problematic; however, research has largely focused on SLD identification using test scores only. The present study, therefore, examined SLD identification decisions across identification methods and student evaluation data levels, including test scores,…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Disability Identification, Decision Making, Student Evaluation
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Cook, Sara Cothren; Collins, Lauren W.; Morin, Lisa L.; Riccomini, Paul J. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
The purpose of this review is to determine the evidence base classification of schema-based instruction (SBI) as an intervention to improve word problem-solving outcomes in mathematics for students with learning or mathematics disabilities in Grades K-12. Using the Council for Exceptional Children's quality indicators (QIs) and standards, we…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Schemata (Cognition), Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Pullen, Paige C.; Ashworth, Kristen E.; Ryoo, Ji Hoon – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
We investigated the variability across states in the prevalence of learning disabilities (LD) as reported by the U. S. Department of Education's Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP). This expanded upon the work of Hallahan and colleagues on interstate prevalence rate variability of special education disability categories by focusing on a…
Descriptors: Incidence, Disability Identification, Students with Disabilities, Learning Disabilities
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Lucia, Abeer; Soffer, Michal – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
Studies show that people with a learning disability (LD) are stigmatized. The study adopts the major tenets of the "Attribution Model of Reactions to Stigmas" (AMRS), which postulates that causal attributions to disability ("stigmas") are associated with affective responses that lead to behavioral outcomes. Adopting a…
Descriptors: Mothers, Arabs, Foreign Countries, Parent Child Relationship
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Sanford, Amanda K.; Pinkney, Christopher J.; Brown, Julie Esparza; Elliott, Cameron G.; Rotert, Emily N.; Sennott, Samuel C. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
This study examined the impact of linguistic and cultural enhancements to evidence-based mathematics instruction within a multitiered support system for English learners. The study employed a single subject changing criterion design for four fourth-grade students who were English learners with or at risk of a learning disability diagnosis in…
Descriptors: Culturally Relevant Education, Language of Instruction, English Language Learners, At Risk Students
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Brawand, Anne; King-Sears, Margaret E.; Evmenova, Anya S.; Regan, Kelley – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
Schema-based instruction (SBI) was used to teach nine middle school students with high-incidence disabilities (HID) to solve proportional reasoning word problems. A multiple-baseline-across-groups design was used to determine student understanding of the SBI process. The design consisted of three phases including baseline, SBI process, and…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Students with Disabilities, Logical Thinking, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Demir-Lira, Ö. Ece; Suárez-Pellicioni, Macarena; Binzak, John V.; Booth, James R. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
Attitudes toward math (ATM) predict math achievement. Negative ATM are associated with avoidance of math content, while positive ATM are associated with exerting more effort on math tasks. Recent literature highlights the importance of considering interactions between ATM and math skill in examining relations to achievement. This study…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Student Attitudes, Mathematics Skills, Arithmetic
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Williams, Kelly J.; Vaughn, Sharon – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
English learners with learning disabilities (LD) have well-documented difficulties comprehending text. This study examined the effects of an intensive reading intervention (Reading Intervention for Adolescents [RIA]) on reading outcomes (word reading, vocabulary, and comprehension) for ninth-grade ELs with LD (n = 85). In the RIA, students…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Intervention, Reading Difficulties, Learning Disabilities
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Wang, Li-Chih – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
The relationships among visual and auditory temporal processing, rapid naming, and oral reading fluency in Chinese children with and without dyslexia were examined. Primary school-aged Chinese children with dyslexia (N = 47) and chronological-age-matched controls (N = 47) were recruited. Temporal processing, rapid naming, oral reading fluency,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Dyslexia, Visual Perception, Auditory Perception
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Tindal, Gerald; Anderson, Daniel – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
With the shift from No Child Left Behind (NCLB) to Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), accountability models are being changed. Given the past 15 years of reporting on student subgroups and 10 years using various growth models, accountability systems can now be better informed. In this study, we analyze identification and services of students with…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Accountability, Growth Models, Special Education
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Miciak, Jeremy; Cirino, Paul T.; Ahmed, Yusra; Reid, Erin; Vaughn, Sharon – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Inadequate responders demonstrate significant risk for learning disabilities. Previous investigations of the cognitive profiles of inadequate and adequate responders have not included measures of executive functions (EFs), which have well-documented associations to reading comprehension. We evaluated EF performance on a common factor comprised of…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Response to Intervention, Identification, Reading Difficulties
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