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Stockard, Jean – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
This article examined the extent to which administrative decisions that affected the implementation fidelity of Direct Instruction programs were related to student achievement. Data from three studies showed that administrative decisions that disregarded recommended protocols regarding teacher training, teacher preparation, and student schedules…
Descriptors: Direct Instruction, Program Implementation, Decision Making, Academic Achievement
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Chaparro, Erin A.; Smolkowski, Keith; Jackson, Kathleen Ryan – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
Oregon's Effective Behavioral and Instructional Support Systems (EBISS) initiative was implemented in 25 school districts. The initiative trained and coached district leaders and teachers in the use of the EBISS model through the lens of implementation science. The EBISS model integrates school-wide positive behavior intervention and supports…
Descriptors: Positive Behavior Supports, State Programs, Coaching (Performance), Professional Development
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Reed, Deborah K. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Interventions for individuals with or at risk for reading disability (RD) need not occur only during the typical school day. Educators and researchers have been actively seeking opportunities to extend literacy learning through home-based, summer, and other tutoring programs. Nevertheless, alternative settings can pose greater difficulty with…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Instruction, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties
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Kiss, Allyson J.; Nelson, Gena; Christ, Theodore J. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Despite the vast research on the early predictors of mathematics achievement, little research has investigated the predictors of various domains of mathematics (e.g., geometry, statistics). The purpose of the present study was to examine the predictive relation between first-grade early numeracy and computation skills and third-grade mathematics…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Achievement, Numeracy
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Martin, BrittanyLee N.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
The purpose of this study was to explore interactions between limited English proficiency (LEP) status, as a function of risk status (low math performance at the start of the school year), on computation and word-problem-solving performance. Among 260 first-grade students, classified as at-risk (AR) or not-at-risk (NAR) for math disability, we…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, At Risk Students, Grade 1, Elementary School Students
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Mercer, Sterett H.; Keller-Margulis, Milena A.; Faith, Erin L.; Reid, Erin K.; Ochs, Sarah – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Written-expression curriculum-based measurement (WE-CBM) is used for screening and progress monitoring students with or at risk of learning disabilities (LD) for academic supports; however, WE-CBM has limitations in technical adequacy, construct representation, and scoring feasibility as grade-level increases. The purpose of this study was to…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Kong, Jennifer E.; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
English learners (ELs) experience difficulty with mathematical problem solving because word problems require complex processes beyond basic math skills, such as the use of linguistic information, identifying relevant information, and constructing the appropriate problem statement. This study used a combined multiple baseline design and criterion…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, English Language Learners, Difficulty Level
Namkung, Jessica M.; Peng, Peng; Goodrich, J. Marc; Molfese, Victoria – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Growth in two subscales, Informal and Formal Mathematics Skills, of the "Test of Early Mathematics Abilitity-3" (TEMA-3) was explored in a sample of 281 children. Children were identified as either typically developing (TYP; n = 205) or having mathematics difficulties (MD; n = 76) based on their total TEMA-3 score at the end of…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Skills, Preschool Education, Preschool Children
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Allen, Abigail A.; Poch, Apryl L.; Lembke, Erica S. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2018
This manuscript describes two empirical studies of alternative scoring procedures used with curriculum-based measurement in writing (CBM-W). Study 1 explored the technical adequacy of a trait-based rubric in first grade. Study 2 explored the technical adequacy of a trait-based rubric, production-dependent, and production-independent scores in…
Descriptors: Scoring, Alternative Assessment, Curriculum Based Assessment, Emergent Literacy
Doabler, Christian T.; Nelson, Nancy J.; Kennedy, Patrick C.; Stoolmiller, Mike; Fien, Hank; Clarke, Ben; Gearin, Brian; Smolkowski, Keith; Baker, Scott K. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2018
Accumulating research has established explicit mathematics instruction as an evidence-based teaching practice. This study utilized observation data from a multi-year efficacy trial to examine the longitudinal effects of a core kindergarten mathematics program on the use of explicit mathematics instruction among two distinct groups of teachers: one…
Descriptors: Core Curriculum, Evidence Based Practice, Longitudinal Studies, Mathematics Instruction
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Morin, Lisa L.; Watson, Silvana M. R.; Hester, Peggy; Raver, Sharon – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2017
For students with mathematics difficulties (MD), math word problem solving is especially challenging. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a problem-solving strategy, bar model drawing, on the mathematical problem-solving skills of students with MD. The study extended previous research that suggested that schematic-based…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Driver, Melissa K.; Powell, Sarah R. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2017
Word problems are prevalent on high-stakes assessments, and success on word problems has implications for grade promotion and graduation. Unfortunately, English Language Learners (ELLs) continue to perform significantly below their native English-speaking peers on mathematics assessments featuring word problems. Little is known about the…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Intervention, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Concepts
Austin, Christy R.; Vaughn, Sharon; McClelland, Amanda M. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2017
A subset of students fail to respond adequately to reading interventions. This synthesis systematically reviews studies in which students in grades K-3 responded inadequately to a Tier 2 reading intervention and were provided with a Tier 3 intervention. Descriptions of the Tier 3 reading interventions and effects are provided. To meet inclusion…
Descriptors: Reading Improvement, Intervention, Synthesis, Early Childhood Education
Strand Cary, Mari G.; Clarke, Ben; Doabler, Christian T.; Smolkowski, Keith; Fien, Hank; Baker, Scott K. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2017
We report on a practitioner implementation of Fusion, a first-grade mathematics intervention. Studies such as this evaluation of a loose implementation under realistic conditions are important to curriculum developers' understanding of how evidence-based programs and tools work under a variety of implementation scenarios. In this…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Mathematics Instruction, Evidence Based Practice, Curriculum Development
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Dennis, Minyi Shih; Sorrells, Audrey McCray; Falcomata, Terry S. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
This study used a multiple probe across participants design, replicated across two interventions and counterbalanced across participant groups to examine the effects of number sense intervention and extensive practice intervention on strategy transformation when students with mathematics learning disabilities (MLD) solved basic fact problems. In…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Grade 2, Problem Solving, Intervention
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