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Mariage, Troy V.; Englert, Carol Sue; Mariage, Mary F. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
This exploratory case study used a mixed-methods pre-/post-intervention design to study the impact of an intervention on reading comprehension, annotation, and discussion quality. Five third-grade struggling readers who were part of a Tier 2 reading comprehension group were apprenticed into holding close-reading discussions of informational text.…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Elementary School Students, Intervention, Instructional Effectiveness
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Xin, Yan Ping; Chiu, Ming Ming; Tzur, Ron; Ma, Xiaojun; Park, Joo Young; Yang, Xuan – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
Informed by a constructivist-based, student-adaptive pedagogical approach, this study explores the benefits of teacher-learner discourse moves for the mathematics learning of students with learning disabilities (LD). During a constructivist teaching experiment for nurturing the multiplicative reasoning and problem solving of five third-grade…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Mathematical Logic, Students with Disabilities, Learning Disabilities
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Stockard, Jean – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
This article examined the extent to which administrative decisions that affected the implementation fidelity of Direct Instruction programs were related to student achievement. Data from three studies showed that administrative decisions that disregarded recommended protocols regarding teacher training, teacher preparation, and student schedules…
Descriptors: Direct Instruction, Program Implementation, Decision Making, Academic Achievement
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Chaparro, Erin A.; Smolkowski, Keith; Jackson, Kathleen Ryan – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2020
Oregon's Effective Behavioral and Instructional Support Systems (EBISS) initiative was implemented in 25 school districts. The initiative trained and coached district leaders and teachers in the use of the EBISS model through the lens of implementation science. The EBISS model integrates school-wide positive behavior intervention and supports…
Descriptors: Positive Behavior Supports, State Programs, Coaching (Performance), Professional Development
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Tindal, Gerald; Anderson, Daniel – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
With the shift from No Child Left Behind (NCLB) to Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), accountability models are being changed. Given the past 15 years of reporting on student subgroups and 10 years using various growth models, accountability systems can now be better informed. In this study, we analyze identification and services of students with…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Accountability, Growth Models, Special Education
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Miciak, Jeremy; Cirino, Paul T.; Ahmed, Yusra; Reid, Erin; Vaughn, Sharon – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Inadequate responders demonstrate significant risk for learning disabilities. Previous investigations of the cognitive profiles of inadequate and adequate responders have not included measures of executive functions (EFs), which have well-documented associations to reading comprehension. We evaluated EF performance on a common factor comprised of…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Response to Intervention, Identification, Reading Difficulties
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Milton, Jessica H.; Flores, Margaret M.; Moore, Alexcia J.; Taylor, Ja'Lia J.; Burton, Megan E. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
To meet increasingly complex mathematics standards in late elementary school, students must conceptually understand and be fluent in the operations of multiplication and division. This includes understanding the operations' inverse relation. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of alternating concrete-representational-abstract…
Descriptors: Multiplication, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics
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Lee, Okin; Shin, Mikyung – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
The purpose of this online survey study was to obtain basic information about South Korean high school students' understanding of learning disabilities. A total of 343 students responded to questions about demographics, familiarity with terms related to learning disabilities, beliefs about learning disabilities, and attitudes toward students with…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, Student Attitudes, Knowledge Level
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Namkung, Jessica M.; Peng, Peng; Goodrich, J. Marc; Molfese, Victoria – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Growth in two subscales, Informal and Formal Mathematics Skills, of the "Test of Early Mathematics Abilitity-3" (TEMA-3) was explored in a sample of 281 children. Children were identified as either typically developing (TYP; n = 205) or having mathematics difficulties (MD; n = 76) based on their total TEMA-3 score at the end of…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Skills, Preschool Education, Preschool Children
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Mercer, Sterett H.; Keller-Margulis, Milena A.; Faith, Erin L.; Reid, Erin K.; Ochs, Sarah – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Written-expression curriculum-based measurement (WE-CBM) is used for screening and progress monitoring students with or at risk of learning disabilities (LD) for academic supports; however, WE-CBM has limitations in technical adequacy, construct representation, and scoring feasibility as grade-level increases. The purpose of this study was to…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Ciullo, Stephen; Ely, Emily; McKenna, John William; Alves, Kat D.; Kennedy, Michael J. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Researchers conducted an observation study to explore the instructional practices of special education teachers (N = 20) responsible for teaching reading to students with learning disabilities in Grades 4 and 5. With this study, researchers addressed gaps in previous related literature and improved understanding of how teachers spend their time…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Students with Disabilities, Learning Disabilities, Grade 4
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Kong, Jennifer E.; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
English learners (ELs) experience difficulty with mathematical problem solving because word problems require complex processes beyond basic math skills, such as the use of linguistic information, identifying relevant information, and constructing the appropriate problem statement. This study used a combined multiple baseline design and criterion…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, English Language Learners, Difficulty Level
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Robinson, Melissa F.; Meisinger, Elizabeth B.; Joyner, Rachel E. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
This study examined the effects of reading modality (oral vs. silent) on comprehension in elementary school students with a specific learning disability in reading (N = 77). A 2 (development-level) × 2 (reading modality) × 2 (time) mixed factorial analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted to determine the influence of these variables on…
Descriptors: Silent Reading, Oral Reading, Reading Comprehension, Factor Analysis
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Folsom, Jessica S.; Reed, Deborah K.; Aloe, Ariel M.; Schmitz, Sandra S. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
This study reports on the instruction provided in district-designed intensive summer reading programs. The Tier 3 intervention was provided to 374 students from 24 school districts who were not meeting the end of third-grade reading benchmarks; students were exiting third grade and entering fourth grade. Observations of the 40 classes were…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Reading Programs, Phonics, Grade 4
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Reed, Deborah K. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Interventions for individuals with or at risk for reading disability (RD) need not occur only during the typical school day. Educators and researchers have been actively seeking opportunities to extend literacy learning through home-based, summer, and other tutoring programs. Nevertheless, alternative settings can pose greater difficulty with…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Instruction, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties
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