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Leber, Jasmin; Renkl, Alexander; Nückles, Matthias; Wäschle, Kristin – Learning: Research and Practice, 2018
According to the model of constructive alignment, learners adjust their learning strategies to the announced assessment (backwash effect). Hence, when teaching for understanding, the assessment method should be aligned with this teaching goal to ensure that learners engage in corresponding learning strategies. A quasi-experimental field study with…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Testing Problems, Educational Objectives, Learning Motivation
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Renkl, Alexander – Learning: Research and Practice, 2015
In discussions about how to best foster principle-based cognitive skills, there are typically two points of dissent among researchers in the field of learning and instruction: First, should information be provided, as typical of direct instruction, or should this information be generated by the students, as typical of guided discovery or inquiry…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Thinking Skills, Teaching Methods, Concept Formation