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Showing 1 to 15 of 112 results Save | Export
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Provasnik, Stephen – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
This paper presents the concepts and observations in the author's keynote address at the May 2019 "Opportunity versus Challenge: Exploring Usage of Log-File and Process Data in International Large-Scale Assessments" conference in Dublin, Ireland. This paper recaps briefly some key points that emerged at the December 2018 ETS symposium on…
Descriptors: Data Collection, Cognitive Processes, Ethics, Student Evaluation
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Jiang, Yang; Gong, Tao; Saldivia, Luis E.; Cayton-Hodges, Gabrielle; Agard, Christopher – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
In 2017, the mathematics assessments that are part of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) program underwent a transformation shifting the administration from paper-and-pencil formats to digitally-based assessments (DBA). This shift introduced new interactive item types that bring rich process data and tremendous opportunities to…
Descriptors: Data Use, Learning Analytics, Test Items, Measurement
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Karakolidis, Anastasios; Duggan, Alice; Shiel, Gerry; Kiniry, Joanne – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
Background: Evaluations of effectiveness of educational reforms are often based on the level of improvement in student performance from one cycle of a particular assessment to the next. However, improvements in overall performance do not necessarily translate to improved equality. Indeed, improvements that favour certain subgroups of students can…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Mathematics Achievement, National Competency Tests, International Assessment
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Põder, Kaire; Lauri, Triin – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
This study investigates civic and citizenship education in a unique post-Communist context--in the bilingual education system of Estonia. Estonia continues to have a bilingual school system where there are Estonian and Russian language schools in parallel. While Estonian language school students are ranked very high in international comparisons,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, Civics, Citizenship Education
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Oz, Elif – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
Large-scale international assessment studies such as Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) or Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) provide researchers and policy makers the opportunity to conduct secondary analyses to answer questions related to educational outcomes and compare the impact of certain inputs…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Mathematics Tests
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Mang, Julia; Küchenhoff, Helmut; Meinck, Sabine; Prenzel, Manfred – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
Background: Standard methods for analysing data from large-scale assessments (LSA) cannot merely be adopted if hierarchical (or multilevel) regression modelling should be applied. Currently various approaches exist; they all follow generally a design-based model of estimation using the pseudo maximum likelihood method and adjusted weights for the…
Descriptors: Sampling, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Simulation, Scaling
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Sempé, Lucas – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
This paper introduces a new method to measure school-level inequality based on Item Response Theory (IRT) models. Categorical data collected by large-scale assessments poses diverse methodological challenges hinder measuring inequality due to data truncation and asymmetric intervals between categories. I use family possessions data from PISA 2015…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Item Response Theory, Measurement, Foreign Countries
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Pools, Elodie; Monseur, Christian – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
Background: The idea of using low-stakes assessment results is often mentioned when designing educational system reforms. However, when tests have no consequences for the students, test takers may not make enough effort when completing the test, and their lack of engagement may negatively affect the validity of the conclusions of the studies that…
Descriptors: Science Tests, Test Validity, Student Motivation, Learner Engagement
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Põder, Kaire; Lauri, Triin – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
This study investigates civic and citizenship education in a unique post-Communist context--in the bilingual education system of Estonia. Estonia continues to have a bilingual school system where there are Estonian and Russian language schools in parallel. While Estonian language school students are ranked very high in international comparisons,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Citizenship Education, Civics, Bilingual Education
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Sikora, Joanna; Pokropek, Artur – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
Background: Studies demonstrate that occupational optimism can boost adolescents' academic attainment and perseverance in education. To contribute to this literature, we consider two hypotheses. The first posits that bilingual immigrants are remarkably resourceful and determined. Thus, they are more occupationally ambitious than their peers. The…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Adolescents, Expectation, Occupational Aspiration
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Soland, James; Kuhfeld, Megan; Rios, Joseph – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
Low examinee effort is a major threat to valid uses of many test scores. Fortunately, several methods have been developed to detect noneffortful item responses, most of which use response times. To accurately identify noneffortful responses, one must set response time thresholds separating those responses from effortful ones. While other studies…
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Measurement, Response Style (Tests), Reading Tests
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Balala, Maha Mohamed Abdulla; Areepattamannil, Shaljan; Cairns, Dean – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
The present study aimed to examine the relations of early numeracy activities and skills to mathematics dispositions, engagement, and achievement among 26,859 fourth graders in the United Arab Emirates who took part in the sixth cycle of the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) in 2015. The study also explored the…
Descriptors: Correlation, Numeracy, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Achievement
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Sacco, Chiara; Falzetti, Patrizia – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
The study of the territorial difference in educational achievement is a widely debated topic, in particular in Italy for the presence of the well-known strong regional disparities. National and international large scale assessments confirmed that the main characteristic of the Italian school system is the geographical cleavage between North and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Achievement, Geographic Regions, Predictor Variables
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Salchegger, Silvia; Wallner-Paschon, Christina; Bertsch, Christian – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
Background: Evidence so far shows that Waldorf students are characterized by average science achievement but at the same time high socioeconomic status and high science motivation. Moreover, Waldorf education is characterized by high emphasis on inquiry-based science education (IBSE). The present study investigates if the specific…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Science Education, Science Achievement, Socioeconomic Status
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Gurkan, Gulsah; Benjamini, Yoav; Braun, Henry – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
Employing nested sequences of models is a common practice when exploring the extent to which one set of variables mediates the impact of another set. Such an analysis in the context of logistic regression models confronts two challenges: (1) direct comparisons of coefficients across models are generally biased due to the changes in scale that…
Descriptors: Statistical Inference, Regression (Statistics), Adults, Models
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