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Yamashita, Takashi; Smith, Thomas J.; Sahoo, Shalini; Cummins, Phyllis A. – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2022
This study highlighted how particular intersections of personal characteristics were related to Motivation to Learn (MtL) among adults. MtL is a prerequisite for adult education and training participation. However, little is known about MtL across subpopulations due to several methodological limitations. This study developed a national profile of…
Descriptors: Learning Motivation, Age Differences, Educational Attainment, Literacy
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Steinmann, Isa; Olsen, Rolf Vegar – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2022
Background: The present study addresses the equality of school effectiveness across schools. One central aim of compulsory education is for students to learn equally well at all schools in a country even if these schools differ in terms of student composition. However, measuring equality of learning gains independently from selection effects…
Descriptors: School Effectiveness, Equal Education, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement
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Qiu, Xue-Lan; Leung, Frederick K. S. – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2022
This study investigated the status of equity in mathematics education in Hong Kong based on data from TIMSS 2011 to 2019 and the changes in education equity across the three cycles. The effects of various student-, family-, and school-level variables on students' mathematics achievement were examined and compared using multilevel modeling. Results…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Mathematics Education, Foreign Countries, Elementary Secondary Education
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Shin, Hyo Jeong; Jewsbury, Paul A.; van Rijn, Peter W. – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2022
The present paper investigates and examines the conditional dependencies between cognitive responses (RA; Response Accuracy) and process data, in particular, response times (RT) in large-scale educational assessments. Using two prominent large-scale assessments, NAEP and PISA, we examined the RA-RT conditional dependencies within each item in the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Reaction Time, Educational Assessment, Achievement Tests
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Fährmann, Katharina; Köhler, Carmen; Hartig, Johannes; Heine, Jörg-Henrik – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2022
When scaling psychological tests with methods of item response theory it is necessary to investigate to what extent the responses correspond to the model predictions. In addition to the statistical evaluation of item misfit, the question arises as to its practical significance. Although item removal is undesirable for several reasons, its…
Descriptors: Psychological Testing, Scaling, Test Items, Item Response Theory
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Glassow, Leah Natasha; Jerrim, John – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2022
Unequal access to qualified teachers for children of different socioeconomic status--also known as inequitable teacher sorting--has been increasingly put forth as one potential factor contributing to the socioeconomic achievement gap. Despite this, few studies have investigated cross-national differences in teacher sorting, and none have examined…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Mathematics Tests, International Assessment
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Lohmann, Julian F.; Zitzmann, Steffen; Voelkle, Manuel C.; Hecht, Martin – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2022
One major challenge of longitudinal data analysis is to find an appropriate statistical model that corresponds to the theory of change and the research questions at hand. In the present article, we argue that "continuous-time models" are well suited to study the continuously developing constructs of primary interest in the education…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Structural Equation Models, Time, Achievement Tests
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Courtney, Matthew; Karakus, Mehmet; Ersozlu, Zara; Nurumov, Kaidar – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2022
This study analyzed the latest four PISA surveys, 2009, 2012, 2015, and 2018, to explore the association between students' ICT-related use and math and science performance. Using ICT Engagement Theory as a theoretical framework and a three-level hierarchical linear modeling approach, while controlling for confounding effects, ICT-related…
Descriptors: Technology Uses in Education, Student Attitudes, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement
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Pivovarova, Margarita; Powers, Jeanne M. – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2022
Background: One way of evaluating immigrants' labor market outcomes is to assess the extent to which immigrants are able to enter into jobs that are commensurate with their education and experience. An imperfect alignment between workers' educational qualifications and these required for their current job, or education-job mismatch, has…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Labor Market, Education Work Relationship, Employment Qualifications
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Heine, Jörg-Henrik; Robitzsch, Alexander – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2022
Research Question: This paper examines the overarching question of to what extent different analytic choices may influence the inference about country-specific cross-sectional and trend estimates in international large-scale assessments. We take data from the assessment of PISA mathematics proficiency from the four rounds from 2003 to 2012 as a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students
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Siebecke, Deborah Elin; Jarl, Maria – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2022
Background: A variety of studies point to a deterioration of educational equity in Sweden and increasing school segregation with respect to achievement and socioeconomic composition. Some schools are resilient to socioeconomic disadvantages in their student body and demonstrate high levels of achievement. However, little attention has been given…
Descriptors: Well Being, Socioeconomic Status, Disadvantaged, Resilience (Psychology)
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Rohatgi, Anubha; Hatlevik, Ove E.; Björnsson, Julius K. – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2022
Teacher-student interactions are crucial in understanding the role of a supportive climate in instructional practices. The present study investigates the perceptions of 15-year-old Nordic students regarding four aspects of their science class: teacher support, fairness, feedback, and class discipline. Multilevel modelling analysis is used to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Environment, Science Achievement, International Assessment
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Billington, Mary Genevieve; Foldnes, Njål – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
The basic cognitive skill of numeracy is a recognized form of human capital, associated with economic and social well being for individuals and for nations. In this study, we explore how occupational complexity relates to proficiency in numeracy, among adults in full-time employment. We operationalize occupational complexity by constructing three…
Descriptors: Correlation, Occupational Information, Difficulty Level, Basic Skills
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Rios, Joseph A.; Deng, Jiayi – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
Background: In testing contexts that are predominately concerned with power, rapid guessing (RG) has the potential to undermine the validity of inferences made from educational assessments, as such responses are unreflective of the knowledge, skills, and abilities assessed. Given this concern, practitioners/researchers have utilized a multitude of…
Descriptors: Test Wiseness, Guessing (Tests), Reaction Time, Computer Assisted Testing
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Goldhammer, Frank; Hahnel, Carolin; Kroehne, Ulf; Zehner, Fabian – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2021
International large-scale assessments such as PISA or PIAAC have started to provide public or scientific use files for log data; that is, events, event-related attributes and timestamps of test-takers' interactions with the assessment system. Log data and the process indicators derived from it can be used for many purposes. However, the intended…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Data, Computer Assisted Testing, Validity
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