NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Back to results
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1420837
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2024
Pages: 39
Abstractor: As Provided
EISSN: EISSN-2229-0443
The Washback of the National Matriculation English Test on Senior High School English Learning Outcomes: Do Test Takers from Different Provinces Think Alike?
Hao Zhang
Language Testing in Asia, v14 Article 14 2024
The Chinese National Matriculation English Test (NMET) has a test purpose of producing beneficial washback to promote senior high school English teaching and learning. This article presents a large-scale nationwide survey research on student perceptions of the NMET's before-test washback on their English learning outcomes in senior high school and the influence of the factor of home province on their views. The research participants were 20,062 first-year undergraduates from 103 universities in the Chinese mainland, and findings showed that the NMET facilitated their senior high school English learning outcomes in the surveyed skills both tested and not tested in the NMET. However, there were noticeable differences between students' expectations and realities. It was also found that home province was a significant predictor of student perceptions, though the strengths of the relationships varied. Furthermore, in order for more beneficial NMET washback, the students suggested making the NMET speaking and listening subtests mandatory across all provincial regions and administering a nationally unified NMET form. This study calls on future researchers to hold a close lens to the complexity and dynamism of the NMET washback over time and across situations.
Springer. Available from: Springer Nature. One New York Plaza, Suite 4600, New York, NY 10004. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-460-1700; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A