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Hoeve, Karen B. – Language Testing in Asia, 2022
High stakes test-based accountability systems primarily rely on aggregates and derivatives of scores from tests that were originally developed to measure individual student proficiency in subject areas such as math, reading/language arts, and now English language proficiency. Current validity models do not explicitly address this use of aggregate…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, Language Tests, Accountability, Educational Assessment
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O'Sullivan, Barry; Cheng, Liying – Language Testing in Asia, 2022
In this paper, we set out to explore the world's first major standardised examination system. In the field of language testing and assessment, works such as measured words (Spolsky, 1995), measured constructs (Weir, Vidakovic & Galaczi, 2013), and Cambridge English exams -- the first hundred years (Hawkey & Milanovic, 2013) all point to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Foreign Policy, Standardized Tests
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Khodi, Ali; Alavi, Sayyed Mohammad; Karami, Hossein – Language Testing in Asia, 2021
The present paper appraises a standardized test, the entrance exam of Iranian universities, known as "Konkur" that is administered annually as a means of gaining admission to higher education in Iran. This norm-referenced test is administered for students majoring in mathematics, experimental sciences, and humanities whose scores along…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Entrance Examinations, High Stakes Tests, Psychometrics
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Sadeghi, Karim; Abolfazli Khonbi, Zainab – Language Testing in Asia, 2017
As perfectly summarised by Ida Lawrence, "Testing is growing by leaps and bounds across the world. There is a realization that a nation's well-being depends crucially on the educational achievement of its population. Valid tests are an essential tool to evaluate a nation's educational standing and to implement efficacious educational reforms.…
Descriptors: Test Items, Item Response Theory, Computer Assisted Testing, Adaptive Testing