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Nurjamin, Asep; Salazar-Espinoza, David-Eli; Saenko, Natalya; Bina, Elia – Language Testing in Asia, 2023
Students may better keep tabs on their own development by engaging in self-assessment (S-A), academic buoyancy (AB) construction, and reflective thinking (RT). Although S-A, AB, and RT have been known for a long time, very little is known regarding their potential effects on test-taking anxiety (TTA) and learner enjoyment (LE). Therefore, this…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Foreign Countries, Reflection, Psychological Patterns
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Pinar, Yunus; Ünal, Fatma; Pinar, Nihal Kubilay – Language Testing in Asia, 2021
In this study, we examine the mother tongue proficiency of pre-school children from high-income and highly educated families in Antalya, Turkey. The study used the Turkish version of the Hamburger Instrument for the Analysis of the Language Level of 5-year olds (HAVAS 5) linguistic-level diagnostic tool that is originally employed to form the…
Descriptors: Language Proficiency, Advantaged, Preschool Children, Turkish