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Fernandez, Miguel; Siddiqui, Athar Munir – Language Testing in Asia, 2017
Background: Marking of essays is mainly carried out by human raters who bring in their own subjective and idiosyncratic evaluation criteria, which sometimes lead to discrepancy. This discrepancy may in turn raise issues like reliability and fairness. The current research attempts to explore the evaluation criteria of markers on a national level…
Descriptors: Grading, Evaluators, Evaluation Criteria, High Stakes Tests
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Sarwar, Muhammad; Alam, Muhammad; Hussain, Shafqat; Shah, Ashfaque Ahmad; Jabeen, Mehlah – Language Testing in Asia, 2014
The development of Spoken English in Pakistani teachers training institutions working in public sector has never been assessed. This study explores the extent of improvement in English speaking skills among prospective teachers of one year teacher education program at three public sector universities in Punjab, Pakistan, where English is the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Language Proficiency, Speech Communication